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Xiang Gao

Xiang Gao

Professor, Nutritional Sciences
Scientific Program:Cancer Control
XXG14@psu.edu

Research Interests

  • Parkinson Disease
  • Prospective Studies
  • Confidence Intervals
  • Mortality
  • Cohort Studies
  • Population
  • Meta-Analysis
  • China
  • Health
  • Restless Legs Syndrome
  • Diet
  • Cardiovascular Diseases

Recent Publications

2024

Wang, K, Li, Y, Na, M, Wang, C, Ba, DM, Sun, L & Gao, X 2024, 'Association between gardening and multiple sleep complaints: A nationwide study of 62,098 adults', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 355, pp. 131-135. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2024.03.102
Li, ZH, Zhong, WF, Qiu, CS, Yang, P, Song, WQ, Shen, D, Zhang, XR, Liu, D, Chen, YJ, Chen, PL, Huang, QM, Chen, Q, Wang, XM, Chung, VCH, Gao, X, Kraus, VB, Liu, SD & Mao, C 2024, 'Association between regular proton pump inhibitors use and cardiovascular outcomes: A large prospective cohort study', International Journal of Cardiology, vol. 395, 131567. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijcard.2023.131567
Zhang, S, Sala, G, Nakamura, A, Kato, T, Furuya, K, Shimokata, H, Gao, X, Nishita, Y & Otsuka, R 2024, 'Associations of dietary patterns and longitudinal brain-volume change in Japanese community-dwelling adults: results from the national institute for longevity sciences-longitudinal study of aging', Nutrition Journal, vol. 23, no. 1, 34. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-024-00935-3
Flores-Torres, MH, Bjornevik, K, Zhang, X, Gao, X, Hung, AY, Schwarzschild, MA, Chen, X & Ascherio, A 2024, 'Hair color, family history of melanoma, and the risk of Parkinson's disease: An analysis update', Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol. 119, 105965. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2023.105965
Flores, AC, Zhang, X, Kris-Etherton, PM, Sliwinski, MJ, Shearer, GC, Gao, X & Na, M 2024, 'Metabolomics and Risk of Dementia: A Systematic Review of Prospective Studies', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 154, no. 3, pp. 826-845. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tjnut.2024.01.012
Chen, LH, Sun, SY, Li, G, Gao, X, Luo, W, Tian, H, Zhang, X, Yin, X, Liu, Z, Chen, GC, Xu, G, Liu, T & Li, FR 2024, 'Physical activity and sleep pattern in relation to incident Parkinson’s disease: a cohort study', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 21, no. 1, 17. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-024-01568-9
Xu, X, Feng, C, Han, H, Li, T, Wang, N, Yang, Q, Guo, Y, Gan, X, Liu, X, Sun, L, Dregan, A, Zong, G & Gao, X 2024, 'Prospective study of depressive symptoms and incident cardiovascular diseases in people with type 2 diabetes', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 345, pp. 427-434. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2023.10.145
Yu, Z, Li, Y, Ba, DM, Veldheer, SJ, Sun, L, Geng, T & Gao, X 2024, 'Trends in Calcium Intake among the US Population: Results from the NHANES (1999–2018)', Nutrients, vol. 16, no. 5, 726. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu16050726

2023

Zhang, J, Cao, X, Li, X, Li, X, Hao, M, Xia, Y, Huang, H, Høj Jørgensen, TS, Agogo, GO, Wang, L, Zhang, X, Gao, X & Liu, Z 2023, 'Associations of Midlife Dietary Patterns with Incident Dementia and Brain Structure: Findings from the UK Biobank Study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 118, no. 1, pp. 218-227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajcnut.2023.05.007
Zhong, WF, Song, WQ, Wang, XM, Li, ZH, Shen, D, Liu, D, Zhang, PD, Shen, QQ, Liang, F, Nan, Y, Xiang, JX, Chen, ZT, Li, C, Li, ST, Lv, XG, Lin, XR, Lv, YB, Gao, X, Kraus, VB, Shi, XM & Mao, C 2023, 'Dietary Diversity Changes and Cognitive Frailty in Chinese Older Adults: A Prospective Community-Based Cohort Study', Nutrients, vol. 15, no. 17, 3784. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15173784
Wang, XM, Zhong, WF, Li, ZH, Chen, PL, Zhang, YJ, Ren, JJ, Liu, D, Shen, QQ, Yang, P, Song, WQ, Liang, F, Nan, Y, Xiang, JX, Wu, YR, Lv, YB, Gao, X, Kraus, VB, Shi, XM & Mao, C 2023, 'Dietary diversity and frailty among older Chinese people: evidence from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 117, no. 2, pp. 383-391. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajcnut.2022.11.017
Xu, X, Li, Y, Wang, J, Cao, Y, Feng, C, Guo, Y, Zong, G, Sun, L & Gao, X 2023, 'Family History of AD/Dementia, Polygenic Risk Score for AD, and Parkinson's Disease', Movement Disorders Clinical Practice, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 1787-1794. https://doi.org/10.1002/mdc3.13919
Arcot, A, Xing, X, Gao, X, Font, SA & Murray-Kolb, LE 2023, 'Iron status, development, and behavior in young children in the Pennsylvania foster care system', PloS one, vol. 18, no. 8 August, e0289951. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0289951
Zhou, J, Li, X, Gao, X, Wei, Y, Ye, L, Liu, S, Ye, J, Qiu, Y, Zheng, X, Chen, C, Wang, J, Kraus, VB, Lv, Y, Mao, C & Shi, X 2023, 'Leisure Activities, Genetic Risk, and Frailty: Evidence from the Chinese Adults Aged 80 Years or Older', Gerontology, vol. 69, no. 8, pp. 961-971. https://doi.org/10.1159/000530665
Wu, S, Wu, Z, Yu, D, Chen, S, Wang, A, Wang, A & Gao, X 2023, 'Life's Essential 8 and Risk of Stroke: A Prospective Community-Based Study', Stroke, vol. 54, no. 9, pp. 2369-2379. https://doi.org/10.1161/STROKEAHA.123.042525
Arévalo, SP, Nguyen-Rodriguez, ST, Scott, TM, Gao, X, Falcón, LM & Tucker, KL 2023, 'Longitudinal Associations Between Sleep and Cognitive Function in a Cohort of Older Puerto Rican Adults: Sex and Age Interactions', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 78, no. 10, pp. 1816-1825. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glad144
Ba, DM, Zhang, S, Nishita, Y, Tange, C, Qiu, T, Gao, X, Muscat, J & Otsuka, R 2023, 'Mushroom consumption and hyperuricemia: results from the National Institute for Longevity Sciences-Longitudinal Study of Aging and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2007-2018)', Nutrition Journal, vol. 22, no. 1, 62. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-023-00887-0
Zhou, J, Gao, X, Wei, Y, Chen, C, Wang, J, Zhang, Z, Li, X, Ye, L, Ye, J, Liu, S, Zhang, X, Zhao, F, Zhang, J, Kraus, VB, Lyu, Y, Mao, C & Shi, X 2023, 'Population Attributable Fractions for Modifiable Factors of Longevity and Healthy Longevity Among the Late-Elderly Aged 75 Years or Older — China, 1998–2018', China CDC Weekly, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 25-30. https://doi.org/10.46234/ccdcw2023.005
Zhang, X, Molsberry, SA, Pavlova, M, Schwarzschild, MA, Ascherio, A & Gao, X 2023, 'Probable Parasomnias and Mortality: A Prospective Study in US Men', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 98, no. 10, pp. 1449-1457. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2023.06.018
Flores, AC, Jensen, GL, Mitchell, DC, Na, M, Wood, GC, Still, CD & Gao, X 2023, 'Prospective Study of Diet Quality and the Risk of Dementia in the Oldest Old', Nutrients, vol. 15, no. 5, 1282. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu15051282
Zhuang, S, Huang, S, Huang, Z, Zhang, S, Al-Shaar, L, Chen, S, Wu, S & Gao, X 2023, 'Prospective study of sleep duration, snoring and risk of heart failure', Heart, vol. 109, no. 10, pp. 779-784. https://doi.org/10.1136/heartjnl-2022-321799
Gao, X, Shen, Y & Koo, BB 2023, The epidemiology of cardiovascular disease in the restless legs syndrome and periodic limb movements during sleep. in Encyclopedia of Sleep and Circadian Rhythms: Volume 1-6, Second Edition. Elsevier, pp. 652-665. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-822963-7.00311-X
VanEvery, H, Pacheco, LS, Sun, E, Allison, MA & Gao, X 2023, 'The impact of avocado intake on anthropometric measures among Hispanic/Latino children and adolescents: A cluster randomized controlled trial', Clinical Nutrition ESPEN, vol. 56, pp. 94-103. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clnesp.2023.04.020
Wang, K, Yang, T, Zhang, Y, Gao, X & Tao, L 2023, 'The opportunities and challenges for nutritional intervention in childhood cancers', Frontiers in Nutrition, vol. 10, 1091067. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2023.1091067
Cao, X, Yang, G, Li, X, Fu, J, Mohedaner, M, Danzengzhuoga, Høj Jørgensen, TS, Agogo, GO, Wang, L, Zhang, X, Zhang, T, Han, L, Gao, X & Liu, Z 2023, 'Weight change across adulthood and accelerated biological aging in middle-aged and older adults', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 117, no. 1, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ajcnut.2022.10.020

2022

Sun, Y, Chen, S, Zhao, X, Wang, Y, Lan, Y, Jiang, X, Gao, X, Wu, S & Wang, L 2022, 'Adherence to the dietary approaches to stop hypertension diet and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease', Liver International, vol. 42, no. 4, pp. 809-819. https://doi.org/10.1111/liv.15156
Zhou, J, Lv, Y, Zhao, F, Wei, Y, Gao, X, Chen, C, Lu, F, Liu, Y, Li, C, Wang, J, Zhang, X, Gu, H, Yin, Z, Cao, Z, Kraus, VB, Mao, C & Shi, X 2022, 'Albumin-Corrected Fructosamine Predicts All-Cause and Non-CVD Mortality Among the Very Elderly Aged 80 Years or Older Without Diabetes', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 77, no. 8, pp. 1673-1682. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glab339
Ma, C, Chen, Q, Mitchell, DC, Na, M, Tucker, KL & Gao, X 2022, 'Application of the deep learning algorithm in nutrition research – using serum pyridoxal 5′-phosphate as an example', Nutrition Journal, vol. 21, no. 1, 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-022-00793-x
Zhang, X, Molsberry, SA, Schwarzschild, MA, Ascherio, A & Gao, X 2022, 'Association of Diet and Physical Activity with All-Cause Mortality among Adults with Parkinson Disease', JAMA network open, vol. 5, no. 8, pp. E2227738. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2022.27738
Li, ZH, Zhong, WF, Zhang, XR, Chung, VC, Song, WQ, Chen, Q, Wang, XM, Huang, QM, Shen, D, Zhang, PD, Liu, D, Zhang, YJ, Chen, PL, Cheng, X, Yang, HL, Cai, MC, Gao, X, Kraus, VB & Mao, C 2022, 'Association of physical activity and air pollution exposure with the risk of type 2 diabetes: a large population-based prospective cohort study', Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source, vol. 21, no. 1, 106. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12940-022-00922-3
Ba, DM, Gao, X, Al-Shaar, L, Muscat, J, Chinchilli, V, Beelman, RB & Richie, JP 2022, 'Authors’ response: Mushroom intake and depression: A population-based study using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2005–2016', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 296, pp. 668. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.09.047
Dong, Z, Richie, JP, Gao, X, Al-Shaar, L, Nichenametla, SN, Shen, B & Orentreich, D 2022, 'Cumulative Consumption of Sulfur Amino Acids and Risk of Diabetes: A Prospective Cohort Study', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 152, no. 11, pp. 2419-2428. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxac172
Zhang, X, Xu, J, Liu, Y, Chen, S, Wu, S & Gao, X 2022, 'Diet Quality is Associated with Prodromal Parkinson's Disease Features in Chinese Adults', Movement Disorders, vol. 37, no. 12, pp. 2367-2375. https://doi.org/10.1002/mds.29208
Na, M, Wang, Y, Zhang, X, Sarpong, C, Kris-Etherton, PM, Gao, M, Xing, A, Wu, S & Gao, X 2022, 'Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH)-Style Dietary Pattern and 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure in Elderly Chinese with or without Hypertension', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 152, no. 7, pp. 1755-1762. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxac086
Veldheer, S, Tuan, WJ, Al-Shaar, L, Wadsworth, M, Sinoway, L, Schmitz, KH, Sciamanna, C & Gao, X 2023, 'Gardening Is Associated With Better Cardiovascular Health Status Among Older Adults in the United States: Analysis of the 2019 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System Survey', Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 123, no. 5, pp. 761-769.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2022.10.018
Zhao, R, Zhao, L, Gao, X, Yang, F, Yang, Y, Fang, H, Ju, L, Xu, X, Guo, Q, Li, S, Cheng, X, Cai, S, Yu, D & Ding, G 2022, 'Geographic Variations in Dietary Patterns and Their Associations with Overweight/Obesity and Hypertension in China: Findings from China Nutrition and Health Surveillance (2015–2017)', Nutrients, vol. 14, no. 19, 3949. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14193949
Li, Y, Yang, D, Gao, X, Ju, M, Fang, H, Yan, Z, Qu, H, Zhang, Y, Xie, L, Weng, H, Bai, C, Song, Y, Sun, Z, Geng, W & Gao, X 2022, 'Ginger supplement significantly reduced length of hospital stay in individuals with COVID-19', Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 19, no. 1, 84. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12986-022-00717-w
Zhang, X, Molsberry, SA, Yeh, TS, Cassidy, A, Schwarzschild, MA, Ascherio, A & Gao, X 2022, 'Intake of flavonoids and flavonoid-rich foods and mortality risk among individuals with Parkinson disease', Neurology, vol. 98, no. 10, pp. E1064-E1076. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000013275
Vanevery, H, Gao, X, Yang, W, Su, J, Olsen, N, Bao, L, Lu, B, Wu, S & Cui, L 2022, 'Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol and the Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis: A Prospective Study in a Chinese Cohort', Nutrients, vol. 14, no. 6, 1240. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu14061240
Ba, DM, Gao, X, Al-Shaar, L, Muscat, J, Chinchilli, VM, Ssentongo, P, Beelman, RB & Richie, J 2022, 'Mushroom intake and cognitive performance among US older adults: the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2011-2014', British Journal of Nutrition, vol. 128, no. 11, pp. 2241-2248. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0007114521005195
Ba, DM, Ssentongo, P, Gao, X, Chinchilli, VM, Richie, JP, Maiga, M & Muscat, JE 2022, 'Prevalence and determinants of meeting minimum dietary diversity among children aged 6–23 months in three sub-Saharan African Countries: The Demographic and Health Surveys, 2019–2020', Frontiers in Public Health, vol. 10, 846049. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2022.846049
Wu, J, Gao, Y, Malik, V, Gao, X, Shan, R, Lv, J, Ning, Y, Wang, B & Li, L 2022, 'Prevalence and risk factors of MRI-defined brain infarcts among Chinese adults', Frontiers in Neurology, vol. 13, 967077. https://doi.org/10.3389/fneur.2022.967077
Jin, Y, Huang, H, Zhou, Q, Dong, F, Lu, L, Gao, X & Wu, Z 2022, 'Prospective assessing metabolic abnormalities, lifestyle and dietary pattern in a Chinese population with heart failure: The MALD-HF study protocol', BMJ open, vol. 12, no. 5, e049225. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2021-049225
Ba, DM, Gao, X, Chinchilli, VM, Liao, D, Richie, JP & Al-Shaar, L 2022, 'Red and processed meat consumption and food insecurity are associated with hypertension; Analysis of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data, 2003-2016', Journal of hypertension, vol. 40, no. 3, pp. 553-560. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000003048
Jiang, Y, Zhang, X, Xu, T, Hong, W, Chen, Z, Gao, X & Xu, R 2022, 'Secular Difference in Body Mass Index From 2014 to 2020 in Chinese Older Adults: A Time-Series Cross-Sectional Study', Frontiers in Nutrition, vol. 9, 923539. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2022.923539
Lv, Y, Mao, C, Gao, X, Ji, JS, Kraus, VB, Yin, Z, Yuan, J, Chen, H, Luo, J, Zhou, J, Li, Z, Duan, J, Zhu, Q, Zeng, Y, Wang, W, Wang, J & Shi, X 2022, 'The obesity paradox is mostly driven by decreased noncardiovascular disease mortality in the oldest old in China: a 20-year prospective cohort study', Nature Aging, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 389-396. https://doi.org/10.1038/s43587-022-00201-3

2021

Wang, L, Lee, Y, Wu, Y, Zhang, X, Jin, C, Huang, Z, Wang, Y, Wang, Z, Kris-Etherton, P, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'A prospective study of waist circumference trajectories and incident cardiovascular disease in China: The Kailuan Cohort Study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 113, no. 2, pp. 338-347. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqaa331
Gao, Y, Cui, LF, Sun, YY, Yang, WH, Wang, JR, Wu, SL & Gao, X 2021, 'Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension Diet and Hyperuricemia: A Cross-Sectional Study', Arthritis Care and Research, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 603-611. https://doi.org/10.1002/acr.24150
ZHANG, XC, GAO, X, LYU, YB, ZHOU, JH, WEI, Y, YIN, ZX, MA, JX, MAO, C & SHI, XM 2021, 'Alcohol Cessation in Late Life is Associated with Lower Risk of Cognitive Impairment among the Older Adults in China', Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, vol. 34, no. 7, pp. 509-519. https://doi.org/10.3967/bes2021.071
Zhang, X, Liu, Y, Li, S, Lichtenstein, AH, Chen, S, Na, M, Veldheer, S, Xing, A, Wang, Y, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Alcohol consumption and risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer and mortality: a prospective cohort study', Nutrition Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, 13. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-021-00671-y
Vanevery, H, Yang, W, Olsen, N, Bao, L, Lu, B, Wu, S, Cui, L & Gao, X 2021, 'Alcohol consumption and risk of rheumatoid arthritis among Chinese adults: A prospective study', Nutrients, vol. 13, no. 7, 2231. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu13072231
Neumann, SN, Li, JJ, Yuan, XD, Chen, SH, Ma, CR, Murray-Kolb, LE, Shen, Y, Wu, SL & Gao, X 2021, 'Anemia and insomnia: a cross-sectional study and meta-analysis', Chinese Medical Journal, vol. 134, no. 6, pp. 675-681. https://doi.org/10.1097/CM9.0000000000001306
Zhang, X, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Assessing the relation between alcohol consumption and risk of disease and mortality – reply', Nutrition Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, 59. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-021-00715-3
Ji, N, Huang, Z, Zhang, X, Sun, Y, Ye, S, Chen, S, Tucker, KL, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Association between egg consumption and arterial stiffness: a longitudinal study', Nutrition Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, 67. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-021-00720-6
Zhang, X, Molsberry, SA, Pavlova, M, Schwarzschild, MA, Ascherio, A & Gao, X 2021, 'Association of Sleepwalking and REM Sleep Behavior Disorder With Parkinson Disease in Men', JAMA network open, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. E215713. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2021.5713
Dong, Z, Gao, X, Chinchilli, VM, Sinha, R, Muscat, J, Winkels, R & Richie, JP 2022, 'Association of dietary sulfur amino acid intake with mortality from diabetes and other causes', European Journal of Nutrition, vol. 61, no. 1, pp. 289-298. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00394-021-02641-w
Ba, DM, Gao, X, Muscat, J, Al-Shaar, L, Chinchilli, V, Zhang, X, Ssentongo, P, Beelman, RB & Richie, JP 2021, 'Association of mushroom consumption with all-cause and cause-specific mortality among American adults: prospective cohort study findings from NHANES III', Nutrition Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-021-00691-8
Li, ZH, Zhang, PD, Chen, Q, Gao, X, Chung, VCH, Shen, D, Zhang, XR, Zhong, WF, Huang, QM, Liu, D, Chen, PL, Song, WQ, Wu, XB, Byers Kraus, V & Mao, C 2021, 'Association of sleep and circadian patterns and genetic risk with incident type 2 diabetes: a large prospective population-based cohort study', European Journal of Endocrinology, vol. 185, no. 5, pp. 765-774. https://doi.org/10.1530/EJE-21-0314
WU, B, LYU, YB, CAO, ZJ, WEI, Y, SHI, WY, GAO, X, ZHOU, JH, KRAUS, VB, ZHAO, F, CHEN, X, LU, F, ZHANG, MY, LIU, YC, TAN, QY, SONG, SX, QU, YL, ZHENG, XL, SHEN, C, MAO, C & SHI, XM 2021, 'Associations of Sarcopenia, Handgrip Strength and Calf Circumference with Cognitive Impairment among Chinese Older Adults', Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, vol. 34, no. 11, pp. 859-870. https://doi.org/10.3967/bes2021.119
Flores-Torres, MH, Hughes, KC, Molsberry, S, Gao, X, Kang, JH, Schwarzschild, MA & Ascherio, A 2021, 'Cognitive function in men with non-motor features of Parkinson's disease', BMJ Neurology Open, vol. 3, no. 1, e000112. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjno-2020-000112
Liu, YH, Jensen, GL, Na, M, Mitchell, DC, Craig Wood, G, Still, CD & Gao, X 2021, 'Diet quality and risk of Parkinson's disease: A prospective study and meta-analysis', Journal of Parkinson's Disease, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 337-347. https://doi.org/10.3233/JPD-202290
Wu, Z, Huang, Z, Lichtenstein, AH, Jin, C, Chen, S, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Different associations between HDL cholesterol and cardiovascular diseases in people with diabetes mellitus and people without diabetes mellitus: a prospective community-based study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 114, no. 3, pp. 907-913. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqab163
Gao, X, Xu, Q, Zhang, R, Lu, T, Pan, B & Liao, Q 2021, 'Expression and prognostic value of Cripto-1 in pancreatic cancer', Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 173-179. https://doi.org/10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.12734
Ssentongo, P, Ssentongo, AE, Ba, DM, Ericson, JE, Na, M, Gao, X, Fronterre, C, Chinchilli, VM & Schiff, SJ 2021, 'Global, regional and national epidemiology and prevalence of child stunting, wasting and underweight in low- and middle-income countries, 2006–2018', Scientific reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 5204. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-021-84302-w
Ma, Y, Weng, X, Gao, X, Winkels, R, Cuffee, Y, Gupta, S & Wang, L 2022, 'Healthy Eating Index Scores Differ by Race/Ethnicity but Not Hypertension Awareness Status among US Adults with Hypertension: Findings from the 2011-2018 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey', Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 122, no. 5, pp. 1000-1012. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2021.11.006
Li, ZH, Huang, QM, Gao, X, Chung, VCH, Zhang, PD, Shen, D, Zhang, XR, Zhong, WF, Liu, D, Chen, PL, Chen, Q, Cai, MC, Cheng, X, Yang, HL, Song, WQ, Wu, XB, Kraus, VB & Mao, C 2021, 'Healthy Sleep Associated With Lower Risk of Hypertension Regardless of Genetic Risk: A Population-Based Cohort Study', Frontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine, vol. 8, 769130. https://doi.org/10.3389/fcvm.2021.769130
Li, X, Zhou, T, Ma, H, Huang, T, Gao, X, Manson, JAE & Qi, L 2021, 'Healthy Sleep Patterns and Risk of Incident Arrhythmias', Journal of the American College of Cardiology, vol. 78, no. 12, pp. 1197-1207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacc.2021.07.023
Ba, DM, Ssentongo, P, Beelman, RB, Muscat, J, Gao, X & Richie, JP 2021, 'Higher Mushroom Consumption Is Associated with Lower Risk of Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observational Studies', Advances in nutrition (Bethesda, Md.). https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmab015
Su, JM, Cui, LF, Yang, WH, Shi, HJ, Jin, C, Shu, R, Li, HF, Zeng, XF, Wu, SL & Gao, X 2021, 'Ideal physical activity in association with incident ankylosing spondylitis: A community-based, prospective cohort study', Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology, vol. 39, no. 1, pp. 73-78.
Zhang, X, Wang, G, Forman, MR, Fu, Q, Rogers, CJ, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'In utero and childhood exposure to the Great Chinese Famine and risk of cancer in adulthood: The Kailuan Study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 114, no. 6, pp. 2017-2024. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqab282
Shan, R, Ning, Y, Ma, Y, Gao, X, Zhou, Z, Jin, C, Wu, J, Lv, J & Li, L 2021, 'Incidence and risk factors of hyperuricemia among 2.5 million chinese adults during the years 2017–2018', International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 18, no. 5, 2360, pp. 1-11. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18052360
Lee-Bravatti, MA, O'Neill, HJ, Wurth, RC, Sotos-Prieto, M, Gao, X, Falcon, LM, Tucker, KL & Mattei, J 2021, 'Life style behavioral factors and integrative successful aging among puerto ricans living in the Mainland United States', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 76, no. 6, pp. 1108-1116. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glaa259
Ba, DM, Gao, X, Al-Shaar, L, Muscat, JE, Chinchilli, VM, Beelman, RB & Richie, JP 2021, 'Mushroom intake and depression: A population-based study using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), 2005–2016', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 294, pp. 686-692. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2021.07.080
Hughes, KC, Gao, X, Baker, JM, Stephen, CD, Kim, IY, Valeri, L, Schwarzschild, MA & Ascherio, A 2021, 'Non-Motor Features of Parkinson's Disease in Women', Journal of Parkinson's Disease, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 1237-1246. https://doi.org/10.3233/JPD-202409
Jin, Y, Huang, H, Shu, X, Chen, S, Lu, L, Gao, X & Wu, Z 2021, 'P2Y12 inhibitor monotherapy and dual antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention: An updated meta-analysis of randomized trials', Thrombosis Research, vol. 198, pp. 115-121. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.thromres.2020.11.038
Zhang, X, Guarin, D, Mohammadzadehhonarvar, N, Chen, X & Gao, X 2021, 'Parkinson's disease and cancer: A systematic review and meta-analysis of over 17 million participants', BMJ open, vol. 11, no. 7, e046329. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2020-046329
Liu, Y, Yang, W, VoPham, T, Ma, Y, Simon, TG, Gao, X, Chan, AT, Meyerhardt, JA, Giovannucci, EL & Zhang, X 2021, 'Plant-Based and Animal-Based Low-Carbohydrate Diets and Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma Among US Men and Women', Hepatology, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 175-185. https://doi.org/10.1002/hep.31251
Flores, AC, Heron, C, Kim, JI, Martin, B, Al-Shaar, L, Tucker, KL & Gao, X 2021, 'Prospective Study of Plant-Based Dietary Patterns and Diabetes in Puerto Rican Adults', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 151, no. 12, pp. 3795-3800. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxab301
Ba, DM, Gao, X, Al-Shaar, L, Muscat, J, Chinchilli, VM, Ssentongo, P, Zhang, X, Liu, G, Beelman, RB & Richie, JP 2021, 'Prospective study of dietary mushroom intake and risk of mortality: results from continuous National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2003-2014 and a meta-analysis', Nutrition Journal, vol. 20, no. 1, 80. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12937-021-00738-w
Zhuang, S, Yuan, X, Ma, C, Yang, N, Liu, CF, Na, M, Winkelman, JW, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Restless legs syndrome and perceived olfactory and taste dysfunction: A community-based study', European Journal of Neurology, vol. 28, no. 8, pp. 2688-2693. https://doi.org/10.1111/ene.14890
Xiang, G, Tingkai, Y, Jianchun, X, Qiang, Q & Tao, H 2021, 'Risk Factors for Surgical Site Infection after Conversion from Laparoscopic to Open Cholecystectomy', Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 402-405. https://doi.org/10.3881/j.issn.1000-503X.13622
Dinesh, D, Lee, JS, Gao, X & Palacios, N 2021, 'Skin conditions in early Parkinson's disease', Parkinsonism and Related Disorders, vol. 84, pp. 40-46. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.parkreldis.2021.01.018
Wei, Y, Lv, Y, Zhou, J, Gao, X, Duan, J, Zhao, C, Yin, Z, Kang, Q, Wu, B, Chen, C, Mao, C, Li, J & Shi, X 2021, 'Smoking cessation in late life is associated with increased risk of all-cause mortality amongst oldest old people: A community-based prospective cohort study', Age and Ageing, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 1298-1305. https://doi.org/10.1093/ageing/afaa280
Davis, B, Liu, YH, Stampley, J, Craig Wood, G, Mitchell, DC, Jensen, GL, Gao, X, Glynn, NW, Still, CD & Irving, BA 2021, 'The association between poor diet quality, physical fatigability and physical function in the oldest-old from the geisinger rural aging study', Geriatrics (Switzerland), vol. 6, no. 2, 41. https://doi.org/10.3390/GERIATRICS6020041
Wu, Z, Huang, Z, Lichtenstein, AH, Liu, Y, Chen, S, Jin, Y, Na, M, Bao, L, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'The risk of ischemic stroke and hemorrhagic stroke in Chinese adults with low-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations < 70 mg/dL', BMC Medicine, vol. 19, no. 1, 142. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12916-021-02014-4
Tan, T, Zhou, Y, Wan, Y, Fan, Z, Xu, R & Gao, X 2021, 'Transition from metabolically healthy to unhealth status associated with risk of carotid artery plaque in Chinese adults', BMC Cardiovascular Disorders, vol. 21, no. 1, 469. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12872-021-02279-w
Gao, X, Ba, DM, Bagai, K, Liu, G, Ma, C & Walters, AS 2021, 'Treating restless legs syndrome was associated with low risk of cardiovascular disease: A cohort study with 3.4 years of follow-up', Journal of the American Heart Association, vol. 10, no. 4, e018674, pp. 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.018674

2020

Zheng, D, Yuan, X, Ma, C, Liu, Y, Vanevery, H, Sun, Y, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Alcohol consumption and sleep quality: A community-based study', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 15, pp. 4851-4858. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020004553
Zheng, M, Zhang, X, Chen, S, Song, Y, Zhao, Q, Gao, X & Wu, S 2020, 'Arterial Stiffness Preceding Diabetes: A Longitudinal Study', Circulation research, vol. 127, no. 12, pp. 1491-1498. https://doi.org/10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.120.317950
Ba, D, Ssentongo, P, Liu, G, Beelman, R, Gao, X & Richie, J 2020, 'Association of Meat Consumption and Iron Deficiency Among Women of Reproductive Age in Sub Saharan Africa', Current Developments in Nutrition, vol. 4, no. Supplement_2, pp. 804-804. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzaa053_009
Duan, J, Lv, YB, Gao, X, Zhou, JH, Kraus, VB, Zeng, Y, Su, H & Shi, XM 2020, 'Association of cognitive impairment and elderly mortality: Differences between two cohorts ascertained 6-years apart in China', BMC Geriatrics, vol. 20, no. 1, 29. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12877-020-1424-4
Dong, Z, Gao, X, Chinchilli, VM, Sinha, R, Muscat, J, Winkels, RM & Richie, JP 2020, 'Association of sulfur amino acid consumption with cardiometabolic risk factors: Cross-sectional findings from NHANES III', EClinicalMedicine, vol. 19, 100248. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eclinm.2019.100248
Li, ZH, Zhong, WF, Liu, S, Kraus, VB, Zhang, YJ, Gao, X, Lv, YB, Shen, D, Zhang, XR, Zhang, PD, Huang, QM, Chen, Q, Wu, XB, Shi, XM, Wang, D & Mao, C 2020, 'Associations of habitual fish oil supplementation with cardiovascular outcomes and all cause mortality: Evidence from a large population based cohort study', The BMJ, vol. 368, m456. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.m456
Li, ZH, Gao, X, Chung, VCH, Zhong, WF, Fu, Q, Lv, YB, Wang, ZH, Shen, D, Zhang, XR, Zhang, PD, Li, FR, Huang, QM, Chen, Q, Song, WQ, Wu, XB, Shi, XM, Kraus, VB, Yang, X & Mao, C 2020, 'Associations of regular glucosamine use with all-cause and cause-specific mortality: A large prospective cohort study', Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, vol. 79, no. 6, pp. 829-836. https://doi.org/10.1136/annrheumdis-2020-217176
Xu, R, Shen, P, Wu, C, Wan, Y, Fan, Z & Gao, X 2021, 'BMI, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein and the conversion from metabolically healthy to unhealthy phenotype in Chinese adults: A cohort study', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 13, pp. 4124-4131. https://doi.org/10.1017/S136898002000289X
Zhang, R, Liu, Q, Peng, J, Wang, M, Li, T, Liu, J, Cui, M, Zhang, X, Gao, X, Liao, Q & Zhao, Y 2020, 'CXCL5 overexpression predicts a poor prognosis in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma and is correlated with immune cell infiltration', Journal of Cancer, vol. 11, no. 9, pp. 2371-2381. https://doi.org/10.7150/jca.40517
Zhou, J, Lv, Y, Mao, C, Duan, J, Gao, X, Wang, J, Yin, Z, Shi, W, Luo, J, Kang, Q, Zhang, X, Wei, Y, Kraus, VB & Shi, X 2020, 'Development and Validation of a Nomogram for Predicting the 6-Year Risk of Cognitive Impairment Among Chinese Older Adults', Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 21, no. 6, pp. 864-871.e6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2020.03.032
Liu, YH, Gao, X, Na, M, Kris-Etherton, PM, Mitchell, DIC & Jensen, GL 2020, 'Dietary Pattern, Diet Quality, and Dementia: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies', Journal of Alzheimer's Disease, vol. 78, no. 1, pp. 151-168. https://doi.org/10.3233/JAD-200499
Ma, C, Molsberry, S, Li, Y, Schwarzschild, M, Ascherio, A & Gao, X 2020, 'Dietary nicotine intake and risk of Parkinson disease: A prospective study', American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 112, no. 4, pp. 1080-1087. https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/nqaa186
Ba, DM, Ssentongo, P, Na, M, Kjerulff, KH, Liu, G, Du, P, Song, W, Richie, JP & Gao, X 2020, 'Factors Associated with Urinary Iodine Concentration among Women of Reproductive Age, 20-49 Years Old, in Tanzania: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study', Current Developments in Nutrition, vol. 4, no. 5, nzaa079. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzaa079
Ba, DM, Ssentongo, P, Na, M, Kjerulff, KH, Liu, G, Du, P, Song, W, Richie, JP & Gao, X 2020, 'Factors Associated with Urinary Iodine Concentration among Women of Reproductive Age, 20-49 Years Old, in Tanzania: A Population-Based Cross-Sectional Study', Current Developments in Nutrition, vol. 4, no. 5. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzaa079
Na, M, Dou, N, Ji, N, Xie, D, Huang, J, Tucker, KL & Gao, X 2020, 'Food Insecurity and Cognitive Function in Middle to Older Adulthood: A Systematic Review', Advances in Nutrition, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 667-676. https://doi.org/10.1093/advances/nmz122
Zhang, X, Wu, Y, Na, M, Lichtenstein, AH, Xing, A, Chen, S, Wu, S & Gao, X 2020, 'Habitual night eating was positively associated with progress of arterial stiffness in chinese adults', Journal of the American Heart Association, vol. 9, no. 19, e016455. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.120.016455
Zhu, S, Cui, L, Zhang, X, Shu, R, Vanevery, H, Tucker, KL, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Habitually skipping breakfast is associated with chronic inflammation: A cross-sectional study', Public Health Nutrition, vol. 24, no. 10, pp. 2936-2943. https://doi.org/10.1017/S1368980020001214
VanEvery, H, Yang, WH, Olsen, N, Zhang, X, Shu, R, Lu, B, Wu, S, Cui, L & Gao, X 2021, 'In Utero and Early Life Exposure to the Great Chinese Famine and Risk of Rheumatoid Arthritis in Adulthood', Arthritis and Rheumatology, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 596-603. https://doi.org/10.1002/art.41601
Li, Y, Li, Y, Gurol, ME, Liu, Y, Yang, P, Shi, J, Zhuang, S, Forman, MR, Wu, S & Gao, X 2020, 'In utero exposure to the Great Chinese Famine and risk of intracerebral hemorrhage in midlife', Neurology, vol. 94, no. 19, pp. E1996-E2004. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000009407
Zhang, Y, Li, T, Ma, R, Yin, Z, Wang, J, He, MZ, Xu, D, Gao, X, Wang, Q, Kraus, VB, Lv, Y, Zhong, Y, Kinney, PL & Shi, X 2020, 'Long-term exposure to ambient fine particulate matter and fasting blood glucose level in a Chinese elderly cohort', Science of the Total Environment, vol. 717, 137191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137191
Yang, Y, Wan, YP, Fan, ZP, Gao, X, Jiang, AL & Xu, RY 2021, 'Metabolically healthy obesity is associated with longitudinal changes in high-density lipoprotein cholesterol in Chinese adults', Eating and Weight Disorders, vol. 26, no. 1, pp. 263-272. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-020-00847-1
Ba, D, Ssentongo, P, Beelman, R, Gao, X & Richie, J 2020, 'Mushroom Consumption Is Associated with Low Risk of Cancer: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Observation Studies', Current Developments in Nutrition, vol. 4, no. Supplement_2, pp. 307-307. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdn/nzaa044_006
Na, M, Wu, J, Li, M, Hinkle, SN, Zhang, C & Gao, X 2020, 'New onset of restless legs syndrome in pregnancy in a prospective multiracial cohort: Incidence and risk factors', Neurology, vol. 95, no. 24, pp. E3438-E3447. https://doi.org/10.1212/WNL.0000000000011082
Yuan, JQ, Lv, YB, Kraus, VB, Gao, X, Yin, ZX, Chen, HS, Luo, JS, Zeng, Y, Mao, C & Shi, XM 2020, 'Number of natural teeth, denture use and mortality in Chinese elderly: A population-based prospective cohort study', BMC Oral Health, vol. 20, no. 1, 100. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12903-020-01084-9
Ssentongo, P, Ssentongo, AE, Ba, DM, Ericson, JE, Na, M, Gao, X, Chinchilli, VM & Schiff, S 2020, 'Pooled Analysis of Global, Regional and Country-Level Prevalence of Childhood Stunting, Wasting and Underweight in 62 Low- and Middle- Income Countries, 2006-2018', SSRN Electronic Journal. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3506132
Gao, Y, Li, J, Cheng, FW, Cui, L, Shu, R, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Poor Sleep Quality Is Associated with Altered Taste Perception in Chinese Adults', Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, vol. 121, no. 3, pp. 435-445. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jand.2020.06.019
Dou, N, Xie, D, Gao, X, Palacios, N, Falcon, LM, Tucker, KL & Na, M 2020, 'Psychosocial risk factors for food insecurity in puerto ricans living in the USA from baseline to 5-year follow-up', Journal of Nutrition, vol. 150, no. 8, pp. 2199-2203. https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/nxaa177
Li, S, Cui, L, Cheng, J, Shu, R, Chen, S, Nguyen, US, Misra, D, Wu, S & Gao, X 2020, 'Repeated measurements of serum urate and mortality: A prospective cohort study of 152,358 individuals over 8 years of follow-up', Arthritis Research and Therapy, vol. 22, no. 1, 84. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13075-020-02173-4
Wu, Z, Huang, Z, Wu, Y, Jin, Y, Wang, Y, Zhao, H, Chen, S, Wu, S & Gao, X 2021, 'Risk stratification for mortality in cardiovascular disease survivors: A survival conditional inference tree analysis', Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 420-428. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2020.09.029
Mao, C, Li, ZH, Lv, YB, Gao, X, Kraus, VB, Zhou, JH, Wu, XB, Shi, WY, Li, FR, Liu, SM, Yin, ZX, Zeng, Y & Shi, XM 2020, 'Specific leisure activities and cognitive functions among the oldest-old: The Chinese longitudinal healthy longevity survey', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. 739-746. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glz086
Xu, R, Cai, H, Fan, Z, Wan, Y & Gao, X 2021, 'The change in kidney function was associated with carotid artery plaque in a community-based population: A cohort study', Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases, vol. 31, no. 1, pp. 119-126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.numecd.2020.08.016
Xu, R, Xu, R, Jiang, X, Fan, Z, Wan, Y, Wan, Y & Gao, X 2020, 'The trajectory of high sensitivity C-reactive protein is associated with incident diabetes in Chinese adults', Nutrition and Metabolism, vol. 17, no. 1, 00472. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12986-020-00472-w
Li, ZH, Lv, YB, Kraus, VB, Yin, ZX, Liu, SM, Zhang, XC, Gao, X, Zhong, WF, Huang, QM, Luo, JS, Zeng, Y, Ni, JD, Mao, C & Shi, XM 2020, 'Trends in the Incidence of Activities of Daily Living Disability among Chinese Older Adults from 2002 to 2014', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 75, no. 11, pp. 2113-2118. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glz221