Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

William Calo, PhD, JD, MPH

William Calo, PhD, JD, MPH

Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Sciences
Division of Health Services and Behavioral Research
Scientific Program:Cancer Control
wac22@psu.edu

Research Interests

Dr. William Calo is a Latino health services researcher. His research program examines how to adapt, implement and evaluate evidence-based interventions to improve cancer prevention and control among diverse and disadvantaged populations. Dr. Calo is currently focused on the impact of interpersonal, systems and policy strategies on HPV vaccine uptake in rural communities and the implementation of locally tailored programs to improve physical activity, nutrition and community-clinical linkages. He applies implementation science methodologies in his studies.

  • Vaccination
  • Puerto Rico
  • Hispanic Americans
  • Papillomavirus Vaccines
  • Neoplasms
  • Parents
  • Population
  • Incidence
  • Research
  • Mortality
  • Communication
  • Health

Recent Publications

2019

Calo, W, Gilkey, MB, Leeman, J, Heisler-MacKinnon, J, Averette, C, Sanchez, S, Kornides, ML & Brewer, NT 2019, 'Coaching primary care clinics for HPV vaccination quality improvement: Comparing in-person and webinar implementation', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 23-31. https://doi.org/10.1093/tbm/iby008
Spencer, JC, Calo, W & Brewer, NT 2019, 'Disparities and reverse disparities in HPV vaccination: A systematic review and meta-analysis', Preventive Medicine, vol. 123, pp. 197-203. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2019.03.037
Calo, W, Shah, PD, Gilkey, MB, Vanderpool, RC, Barden, S, Doucette, WR & Brewer, NT 2019, 'Implementing pharmacy-located HPV vaccination: findings from pilot projects in five U.S. states', Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, vol. 15, no. 7-8, pp. 1831-1838. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2019.1602433
Shah, PD, Calo, W, Gilkey, MB, Boynton, MH, Dailey, SA, Todd, KG, Robichaud, MO, Margolis, MA & Brewer, NT 2019, 'Questions and concerns about HPV vaccine: A communication experiment', Pediatrics, vol. 143, no. 2, e20181872. https://doi.org/10.1542/peds.2018-1872
Margolis, MA, Brewer, NT, Shah, PD, Calo, W & Gilkey, MB 2019, 'Stories about HPV vaccine in social media, traditional media, and conversations', Preventive Medicine, vol. 118, pp. 251-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.11.005

2018

Calo, W, Gilkey, MB, Malo, TL, Robichaud, M & Brewer, NT 2018, 'A content analysis of HPV vaccination messages available online', Vaccine, vol. 36, no. 49, pp. 7525-7529. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2018.10.053
Fernandez, ME, Walker, TJ, Weiner, BJ, Calo, W, Liang, S, Risendal, B, Friedman, DB, Tu, SP, Williams, RS, Jacobs, S, Herrmann, AK & Kegler, MC 2018, 'Developing measures to assess constructs from the Inner Setting domain of the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research', Implementation Science, vol. 13, no. 1, 52. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13012-018-0736-7
Shah, PD, Calo, W, Marciniak, MW, Golin, CE, Sleath, BL & Brewer, NT 2018, 'Service quality and parents' willingness to get adolescents HPV vaccine from pharmacists', Preventive Medicine, vol. 109, pp. 106-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2018.01.002
Shah, PD, Calo, W, Marciniak, MW, Gilkey, MB & Brewer, NT 2018, 'Support for pharmacist-provided HPV vaccination: National surveys of U.S. Physicians and parents', Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 970-978. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-18-0380

2017

McCarthy, SH, Walmer, KA, Boggan, JC, Gichane, MW, Calo, W, Beauvais, HA & Brewer, NT 2017, 'Awareness of Cervical Cancer Causes and Predeterminants of Likelihood to Screen among Women in Haiti', Journal of Lower Genital Tract Disease, vol. 21, no. 1, pp. 37-41. https://doi.org/10.1097/LGT.0000000000000281
Correa-Fernández, V, Díaz-Toro, EC, Reitzel, LR, Guo, L, Chen, M, Li, Y, Calo, W, Shih, YCT & Wetter, DW 2017, 'Combined treatment for at-risk drinking and smoking cessation among Puerto Ricans: A randomized clinical trial', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 65, pp. 185-192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.10.009
Colón-López, V, Fernández-Espada, N, Vélez, C, Gonzalez, VJ, Diaz-Toro, EC, Calo, W, Savas, LS, Pattatucci, A & Fernández, ME 2017, 'Communication about sex and HPV among Puerto Rican mothers and daughters' Ethnicity and Health, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 348-360. https://doi.org/10.1080/13557858.2016.1246938
Colón-López, V, González, D, Vélez, C, Fernández-Espada, N, Feldman-Soler, A, Ayala-Escobar, K, Ayala-Marín, AM, Soto-Salgado, M, Calo, W, Pattatucci-Aragón, A, Rivera-Díaz, M & Fernández, ME 2017, 'Community-academic partnership to implement a Breast and Cervical Cancer screening education program in Puerto Rico', Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 191-197.
Gichane, MW, Calo, W, McCarthy, SH, Walmer, KA, Boggan, JC & Brewer, NT 2017, 'Human Papillomavirus Awareness in Haiti: Preparing for a National HPV Vaccination Program', Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 96-101. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpag.2016.07.003
Gilkey, MB, Calo, W, Marciniak, MW & Brewer, NT 2017, 'Parents who refuse or delay HPV vaccine: Differences in vaccination behavior, beliefs, and clinical communication preferences', Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, vol. 13, no. 3, pp. 680-686. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2016.1247134
Calo, W, Gilkey, MB, Shah, P, Marciniak, MW & Brewer, NT 2017, 'Parents' willingness to get human papillomavirus vaccination for their adolescent children at a pharmacy', Preventive Medicine, vol. 99, pp. 251-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2017.02.003
Kornides, ML, Calo, W, Heisler-MacKinnon, JA & Gilkey, MB 2018, 'U.S. Primary Care Clinics’ Experiences During Introduction of the 9-Valent HPV Vaccine', Journal of Community Health, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 291-296. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10900-017-0420-x

2016

Trogdon, JG, Shafer, PR, Shah, PD & Calo, W 2016, 'Are state laws granting pharmacists authority to vaccinate associated with HPV vaccination rates among adolescents?', Vaccine, vol. 34, no. 38, pp. 4514-4519. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.07.056
Calo, W, Vernon, SW, Lairson, DR & Linder, SH 2016, 'Area-level Socioeconomic Inequalities in the Use of Mammography Screening: A Multilevel Analysis of the Health of Houston Survey', Women's Health Issues, vol. 26, no. 2, pp. 201-207. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.whi.2015.11.002
Calo, W, Gilkey, MB, Shah, PD, Moss, J & Brewer, NT 2016, 'Parents' support for school-entry requirements for human papillomavirus vaccination: A national study', Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention, vol. 25, no. 9, pp. 1317-1325. https://doi.org/10.1158/1055-9965.EPI-15-1159
Califano, S, Calo, W, Weinberger, M, Gilkey, MB & Brewer, NT 2016, 'Physician support of HPV vaccination school-entry requirements', Human Vaccines and Immunotherapeutics, vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 1626-1632. https://doi.org/10.1080/21645515.2016.1149275
Gilkey, MB, Calo, W, Moss, J, Shah, PD, Marciniak, MW & Brewer, NT 2016, 'Provider communication and HPV vaccination: The impact of recommendation quality', Vaccine, vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 1187-1192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vaccine.2016.01.023

2015

Calo, W, Suárez, E, Soto-Salgado, M, Quintana, RA & Ortiz, AP 2015, 'Assessing Lung Cancer Incidence Disparities Between Puerto Ricans and Other Racial/Ethnic Groups in the United States, 1992–2010', Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 971-975. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10903-014-0153-1
Calo, W, Vernon, SW, Lairson, DR & Linder, SH 2015, 'Associations between contextual factors and colorectal cancer screening in a racially and ethnically diverse population in Texas', Cancer Epidemiology, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 798-804. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canep.2015.09.012
Calo, W, Cubillos, L, Breen, J, Hall, M, Rojas, KF, Mooneyham, R, Schaal, J, Hardy, CY, Dave, G, Jolles, MP, Garcia, N & Reuland, DS 2015, 'Experiences of Latinos with limited English proficiency with patient registration systems and their interactions with clinic front office staff: An exploratory study to inform community-based translational research in North Carolina', BMC health services research, vol. 15, no. 1, 570. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-015-1235-z
Brewer, NT & Calo, W 2015, 'HPV transmission in adolescent men who have sex with men' The Lancet Infectious Diseases, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 8-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1473-3099(14)71019-9
Cole, AM, Tu, SP, Fernandez, ME, Calo, W, Hotz, J & Wolver, S 2015, 'Reported use of electronic health records to implement evidence based approaches to colorectal cancer screening in community health centers', Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 1235-1245. https://doi.org/10.1353/hpu.2015.0120
Calo, W & Brewer, NT 2015, 'Trends in genital warts in the era of human papillomavirus vaccination' Sexually transmitted diseases, vol. 42, no. 12, pp. 669-670. https://doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0000000000000381

Clinical Trials Search


Children (age < 18 years)
Adults (age >= 18 years)