Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

Nicholas Zaorsky, MD

Nicholas Zaorsky, MD

Assistant Professor, Department of Radiation Oncology
Assistant Professor, Department of Radiology
Assistant Professor, Department of Public Health Sciences
Scientific Program:Cancer Control
Disease Teams:
Breast Cancer
Genitourinary Cancer
Sarcoma Cancer
Thoracic Cancer
Institute for CyberScience (ICS) - Associate
ngz2@psu.edu

Research Interests

Dr. Nicholas Zaorsky’s international research has several themes.

First, he writes guidelines for the treatment of prostate cancer. His work centers on the indications, contraindications, logistics and toxicities of different treatment modalities to ensure quality patient care and institutional standards.

Second, his work centers on oncologic meta-analyses, which combine international data to provide summary statements with the highest-level evidence to compare treatments. One of the themes of his work is dose fractionation in radiation oncology - the ideal doses that should be used to treat cancer.

Third, Dr. Zaorsky is an expert in oncology-epidemiology, that is, the study of public health and oncology. His works identify patients who are at highest risk of death from cancer vs. other causes and to compare the effectiveness of different treatment options for cancer. His work has led to the design of clinical trials that focus on lifestyle modification (such as with exercise therapy and diet) for the treatment of cancer.

At Penn State, Dr. Zaorsky has integrated these research interests in the design of his clinical trial Exercise + Radiation Therapy (EXERT). The American Cancer Society, National Comprehensive Cancer Network and American College of Sports Medicine recommend exercise therapy to improve outcomes and limit toxicity. However, to date, most clinical studies of exercise therapy are limited to patients receiving chemotherapy or those with localized (non-metastatic) breast or prostate cancer. The rationale for the EXERT study is that 60 percent of cancer patients receive radiation therapy, and few studies have assessed the role of radiation therapy and exercise therapy outside of localized prostate and breast cancer, two disease sites where survival is generally excellent, and toxicities are limited. The long-term goal is to identify potential for exercise therapy to improve radiation therapy treatment outcomes and toxicities among cancer patients.

  • Radiotherapy
  • Therapeutics
  • Prostatic Neoplasms
  • Neoplasms
  • Brachytherapy
  • Neoplasm Metastasis
  • Meta-Analysis
  • Survival
  • Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma
  • Radiation Oncology
  • Radiation
  • Prostate

Recent Publications

2019

Zaorsky, N, Spratt, DE & Blanchard, P 2019, 'Re: Marco Moschini, Emanuele Zaffuto, Pierre I. Karakiewicz, et al. External Beam Radiotherapy Increases the Risk of Bladder Cancer When Compared with Radical Prostatectomy in Patients Affected by Prostate Cancer: A Population-based Analysis. Eur Urol 2019;75:319–28' European Urology, vol. 75, no. 4, pp. e96-e97. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eururo.2018.11.025
Lehrer, EJ, Peterson, JL, Zaorsky, N, Brown, PD, Sahgal, A, Chiang, VL, Chao, ST, Sheehan, JP & Trifiletti, DM 2019, 'Single versus Multifraction Stereotactic Radiosurgery for Large Brain Metastases: An International Meta-analysis of 24 Trials', International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 103, no. 3, pp. 618-630. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.10.038
Zaorsky, N, Lehrer, EJ, Kothari, G, Louie, AV & Siva, S 2019, 'Stereotactic ablative radiation therapy for oligometastatic renal cell carcinoma (SABR ORCA): a meta-analysis of 28 studies', European Urology Oncology. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euo.2019.05.007
Zaorsky, N, Zhang, Y, Tuanquin, L, Bluethmann, S, Park, HS & Chinchilli, V 2019, 'Suicide among cancer patients', Nature communications, vol. 10, no. 1, 207. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-018-08170-1
Correa, RJM, Louie, AV, Zaorsky, N, Lehrer, EJ, Ellis, R, Ponsky, L, Kaplan, I, Mahadevan, A, Chu, W, Hannan, R, Onishi, H, Teh, BS, Muacevic, A, Lo, SS, Staehler, M & Siva, S 2019, 'The Emerging Role of Stereotactic Ablative Radiotherapy for Primary Renal Cell Carcinoma: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis', European Urology Focus. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.euf.2019.06.002
Malouff, TD, Vallow, LA, Waddle, MR, Kaleem, T, Zaorsky, N, Royce, TJ, Stross, WC, May, B & Trifiletti, DM 2019, 'The Influence of Online Forums on Radiation Oncology Residency Program Selection', International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 104, no. 5, pp. 1009-1011. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2019.04.011
Chowdhary, M, Song, A, Zaorsky, N & Shi, W 2019, 'Total skin electron beam therapy in mycosis fungoides—a shift towards lower dose?', Chinese clinical oncology, vol. 8, no. 1, 9. https://doi.org/10.21037/cco.2018.09.02
Lin, D, Lehrer, EJ, Rosenberg, J, Trifiletti, DM & Zaorsky, N 2019, 'Toxicity after radiotherapy in patients with historically accepted contraindications to treatment (CONTRAD): An international systematic review and meta-analysis' Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 135, pp. 147-152. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2019.03.006

2018

Wang, HH, Wu, ZQ, Qian, D, Zaorsky, N, Qiu, MH, Cheng, JJ, Jiang, C, Wang, J, Zeng, XL, Liu, CL, Tian, LJ, Ying, GG, Meng, MB, Hao, XS & Yuan, ZY 2018, 'Ablative Hypofractionated Radiation Therapy Enhances Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer Cell Killing via Preferential Stimulation of Necroptosis In Vitro and In Vivo', International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 101, no. 1, pp. 49-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2018.01.036
Alonso, C, Dutta, SW, Mitra, N, Landsburg, DJ, Zaorsky, N, Grover, S, Peterson, J & Trifiletti, DM 2018, 'Adult nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma: treatment modality utilization and survival', Cancer medicine, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 1118-1126. https://doi.org/10.1002/cam4.1383
Churilla, TM, DeMora, L, Handorf, E, Zaorsky, N, Dong, Y, Denlinger, CS, Sigurdson, ER & Meyer, JE 2018, 'Deviations From Standard Chemoradiation Among Early-Stage Anal Cancer Patients' International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 100, no. 4, pp. 945-949. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.12.003
Zaorsky, N, Lehrer, EJ, Handorf, E & Meyer, JE 2019, 'Dose escalation in stereotactic body radiation therapy for pancreatic cancer', American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials, vol. 42, no. 1, pp. 46-55. https://doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000472
Zaorsky, N, Ahmed, AA, Zhu, J, Yoo, SK, Fuller, CD, Thomas, CR, Choi, M & Holliday, EB 2019, 'Industry Funding Is Correlated With Publication Productivity of US Academic Radiation Oncologists', Journal of the American College of Radiology, vol. 16, no. 2, pp. 244-251. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jacr.2018.07.024
Du, S, Zhou, L, Alexander, GS, Park, K, Yang, L, Wang, N, Zaorsky, N, Ma, X, Wang, Y, Dicker, AP & Lu, B 2018, 'PD-1 Modulates Radiation-Induced Cardiac Toxicity through Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes', Journal of Thoracic Oncology, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 510-520. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2017.12.002
Zaorsky, N, Lee, CT, Zhang, E & Galloway, TJ 2018, 'Skin CanceR Brachytherapy vs External beam radiation therapy (SCRiBE) meta-analysis', Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 126, no. 3, pp. 386-393. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2017.12.029
Tchelebi, L, Zaorsky, N & Mackley, H 2018, 'Stereotactic body radiation therapy in the management of upper GI malignancies', Biomedicines, vol. 6, no. 1, 7. https://doi.org/10.3390/biomedicines6010007
Lehrer, EJ, McGee, HM, Peterson, JL, Vallow, L, Ruiz-Garcia, H, Zaorsky, N, Sharma, S & Trifiletti, DM 2018, 'Stereotactic radiosurgery and immune checkpoint inhibitors in the management of brain metastases', International journal of molecular sciences, vol. 19, no. 10, 3054. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19103054
Lehrer, EJ, Peterson, J, Brown, PD, Sheehan, JP, Quiñones-Hinojosa, A, Zaorsky, N & Trifiletti, DM 2019, 'Treatment of brain metastases with stereotactic radiosurgery and immune checkpoint inhibitors: An international meta-analysis of individual patient data', Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 130, pp. 104-112. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2018.08.025

2017

Zaorsky, N, Showalter, TN, Ezzell, GA, Nguyen, PL, Assimos, DG, D'Amico, AV, Gottschalk, AR, Gustafson, GS, Keole, SR, Liauw, SL, Lloyd, S, McLaughlin, PW, Movsas, B, Prestidge, BR, Taira, AV, Vapiwala, N & Davis, BJ 2017, 'ACR Appropriateness Criteria for external beam radiation therapy treatment planning for clinically localized prostate cancer, part II of II', Advances in Radiation Oncology, vol. 2, no. 3, pp. 437-454. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adro.2017.03.003
Expert Panel on Radiation Oncology-Prostate: 2017, 'ACR Appropriateness Criteria® external beam radiation therapy treatment planning for clinically localized prostate cancer, part I of II', Advances in Radiation Oncology, vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 62-84. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adro.2016.10.002
De Bari, B, Stish, B, Ball, MW, Habboush, Y, Sargos, P, Krengli, M, Bossi, A, Stabile, A, Sole Pesutic, C, Lestrade, L, Smeenk, RJ, Jereczek-Fossa, BA, Zilli, T, Créhange, G, Alongi, F, Zaorsky, N & Ozsahin, M 2017, 'Adult prostatic sarcoma: A contemporary multicenter Rare Cancer Network study', Prostate, vol. 77, no. 10, pp. 1160-1166. https://doi.org/10.1002/pros.23375
Zaorsky, N, Churilla, TM, Egleston, BL, Fisher, SG, Ridge, JA, Horwitz, EM & Meyer, JE 2017, 'Causes of death among cancer patients', Annals of Oncology, vol. 28, no. 2, pp. 400-407. https://doi.org/10.1093/annonc/mdw604
Wang, HH, Deng, L, Wen, QL, Zhang, CZ, Zaorsky, N, Zhang, BL, Chen, J, Zeng, XL, Cui, YL, Shi, YY, Hou, HL, Wang, W, Jiang, B, Wang, J, Pang, QS, Zhao, LJ, Yuan, ZY, Wang, P & Meng, MB 2017, 'Early postoperative radiotherapy is associated with improved outcomes over late postoperative radiotherapy in the management of completely resected (R0) Stage IIIA-N2 nonsmall cell lung cancer', Oncotarget, vol. 8, no. 38, pp. 62998-63013. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.18071
Dong, Y, Zaorsky, N, Li, T, Churilla, TM, Viterbo, R, Sobczak, ML, Smaldone, MC, Chen, DYT, Uzzo, RG, Hallman, MA & Horwitz, EM 2018, 'Effects of interruptions of external beam radiation therapy on outcomes in patients with prostate cancer', Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology, vol. 62, no. 1, pp. 116-121. https://doi.org/10.1111/1754-9485.12675
Zaorsky, N, Lee, CT, Zhang, E, Keith, SW & Galloway, TJ 2017, 'Hypofractionated radiation therapy for basal and squamous cell skin cancer: A meta-analysis', Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 125, no. 1, pp. 13-20. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2017.08.011
Zaorsky, N, Shaikh, T, Ruth, K, Sharda, P, Hayes, SB, Sobczak, ML, Hallman, MA, Smaldone, MC, Chen, DYT & Horwitz, EM 2017, 'Prostate Cancer Patients With Unmanaged Diabetes or Receiving Insulin Experience Inferior Outcomes and Toxicities After Treatment With Radiation Therapy', Clinical Genitourinary Cancer, vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 326-335.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clgc.2016.08.020
Zaorsky, N, Williams, GR, Barta, SK, Esnaola, NF, Kropf, PL, Hayes, SB & Meyer, JE 2017, 'Splenic irradiation for splenomegaly: A systematic review', Cancer Treatment Reviews, vol. 53, pp. 47-52. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrv.2016.11.016
Williams, NL, Dan, T, Zaorsky, N, Garg, S & Den, RB 2017, 'The Role of Genomic Techniques in Predicting Response to Radiation Therapy', Oncology (Williston Park, N.Y.), vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 562-570.
Zaorsky, N, Davis, BJ, Nguyen, PL, Showalter, TN, Hoskin, PJ, Yoshioka, Y, Morton, GC & Horwitz, EM 2017, 'The evolution of brachytherapy for prostate cancer', Nature Reviews Urology, vol. 14, no. 7, pp. 415-439. https://doi.org/10.1038/nrurol.2017.76
Williams, NL, Dan, T, Zaorsky, N, Garg, S & Den, RB 2017, 'The role of genomic techniques in predicting response to radiation therapy' ONCOLOGY (United States), vol. 31, no. 7, pp. 1-11.

2016

Shaikh, T, Churilla, T, Murphy, C, Zaorsky, N, Haber, A, Hallman, M & Meyer, JE 2016, '97O: Overtreatment of patients with clinically diagnosed early stage lung cancer' Journal of Thoracic Oncology, vol. 11, no. 4, pp. S99. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1556-0864(16)30210-6
Avkshtol, V, Dong, Y, Hayes, SB, Hallman, MA, Price, RA, Sobczak, ML, Horwitz, EM & Zaorsky, N 2016, 'A comparison of robotic arm versus gantry linear accelerator stereotactic body radiation therapy for prostate cancer', Research and Reports in Urology, vol. 8, pp. 145-158. https://doi.org/10.2147/RRU.S58262
Zaorsky, N, Ricco, AG, Churilla, TM, Horwitz, EM & Den, RB 2016, 'ASTRO APEx® and RO-ILS™ are applicable to medical malpractice in radiation oncology', Future Oncology, vol. 12, no. 22, pp. 2643-2657. https://doi.org/10.2217/fon-2016-0131
Shaikh, T, Churilla, TM, Murphy, CT, Zaorsky, N, Haber, A, Hallman, MA & Meyer, JE 2016, 'Absence of pathological proof of cancer associated with improved outcomes in early-stage lung cancer' Journal of Thoracic Oncology, vol. 11, no. 7, pp. 1112-1120. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jtho.2016.03.024
Zaorsky, N, Shaikh, T, Murphy, CT, Hallman, MA, Hayes, SB, Sobczak, ML & Horwitz, EM 2016, 'Comparison of outcomes and toxicities among radiation therapy treatment options for prostate cancer', Cancer Treatment Reviews, vol. 48, pp. 50-60. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ctrv.2016.06.006
Zaorsky, N, Keith, SW, Shaikh, T, Nguyen, PL, Horwitz, EM, Dicker, AP & Den, RB 2018, 'Impact of Radiation Therapy Dose Escalation on Prostate Cancer Outcomes and Toxicities', American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials, vol. 41, no. 4, pp. 409-415. https://doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000285
Shaikh, T, Li, T, Murphy, CT, Zaorsky, N, Bleicher, RJ, Sigurdson, ER, Carlson, R, Hayes, SB & Anderson, P 2016, 'Importance of Surgical Margin Status in Ductal Carcinoma In Situ', Clinical Breast Cancer, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 312-318. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.clbc.2016.02.002
Yoo, SK, Ahmed, AA, Ileto, J, Zaorsky, N, Deville, C, Holliday, EB, Wilson, LD, Jagsi, R & Thomas, CR 2017, 'Industry Funding Among Leadership in Medical Oncology and Radiation Oncology in 2015', International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 99, no. 2, pp. 280-285. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2017.01.202
Zaorsky, N, Churilla, TM, Ruth, K, Hayes, SB, Sobczak, ML, Hallman, MA, Smaldone, MC, Chen, DYT & Horwitz, EM 2016, 'Men's health supplement use and outcomes in men receiving definitive intensity-modulated radiation therapy for localized prostate cancer1-3' American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, vol. 104, no. 6, pp. 1583-1593. https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.119958
Wang, HH, Cui, YL, Zaorsky, N, Lan, J, Deng, L, Zeng, XL, Wu, ZQ, Tao, Z, Guo, WH, Wang, QX, Zhao, LJ, Yuan, ZY, Lu, Y, Wang, P & Meng, MB 2016, 'Mesenchymal stem cells generate pericytes to promote tumor recurrence via vasculogenesis after stereotactic body radiation therapy', Cancer Letters, vol. 375, no. 2, pp. 349-359. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2016.02.033
Meng, MB, Wang, HH, Cui, YL, Wu, ZQ, Shi, YY, Zaorsky, N, Deng, L, Yuan, ZY, Lu, Y & Wang, P 2016, 'Necroptosis in tumorigenesis, activation of anti-tumor immunity, and cancer therapy', Oncotarget, vol. 7, no. 35, pp. 57391-57413. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.10548
Johnson, ME, Zaorsky, N, Martin, JM, Ruth, K, Greenberg, RE, Uzzo, RG, Hayes, SB, Smaldone, MC, Kutikov, A, Viterbo, R, Chen, DYT, Hallman, MA, Sobczak, ML & Horwitz, EM 2016, 'Patient reported outcomes among treatment modalities for prostate cancer', Canadian Journal of Urology, vol. 23, no. 6, pp. 8535-8545.
Wang, HH, Zaorsky, N, Meng, MB, Zeng, XL, Deng, L, Song, YC, Zhuang, HQ, Li, FT, Zhao, LJ, Yuan, ZY, Wang, P & Hao, XS 2016, 'Stereotactic radiation therapy for oligometastases or oligorecurrence within mediastinal lymph nodes', Oncotarget, vol. 7, no. 14, pp. 18135-18145. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.7636
Guo, J, Zinner, R, Zaorsky, N, Guo, W & Lu, B 2016, 'Systemic therapy for echinoderm microtubule-associated proteinlike 4 anaplastic lymphoma kinase non-small cell lung cancer brain metastases' Journal of Thoracic Disease, vol. 8, no. 9, pp. E1028-E1031. https://doi.org/10.21037/jtd.2016.09.09
Zaorsky, N, Egleston, BL, Horwitz, EM, Dicker, AP, Nguyen, PL, Showalter, TN & Den, RB 2016, 'The Missing Pieces in Reporting of Randomized Controlled Trials of External Beam Radiation Therapy Dose Escalation for Prostate Cancer', American Journal of Clinical Oncology: Cancer Clinical Trials, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 321-326. https://doi.org/10.1097/COC.0000000000000313
Hawkey, NM, Zaorsky, N & Galloway, TJ 2016, 'The role of radiation therapy in the management of sialorrhea: A systematic review', Laryngoscope, vol. 126, no. 1, pp. 80-85. https://doi.org/10.1002/lary.25444
Zaorsky, N, Shaikh, T, Handorf, E, Eastwick, G, Hesney, A, Scher, ED, Jones, RT, Showalter, TN, Avkshtol, V, Rice, SR, Horwitz, EM & Meyer, JE 2016, 'What Are Medical Students in the United States Learning about Radiation Oncology? Results of a Multi-Institutional Survey', International Journal of Radiation Oncology Biology Physics, vol. 94, no. 2, pp. 235-242. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijrobp.2015.10.008

2015

Zaorsky, N & Horwitz, EM 2015, Brachytherapy for Prostate Cancer: An Overview. in Prostate Cancer: Science and Clinical Practice: Second Edition. Elsevier Inc., pp. 399-411. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-800077-9.00044-X
Meng, MB, Wang, HH, Zaorsky, N, Zhao, XZ, Wu, ZQ, Jiang, B, Song, YC, Zhuang, HQ, Li, FT, Zhao, LJ, Wang, CL, Li, K, Wang, P & Yuan, ZY 2015, 'Clinical evaluation of stereotactic radiation therapy for recurrent or second primary mediastinal lymph node metastases originating from non-small cell lung cancer', Oncotarget, vol. 6, no. 17, pp. 15690-15703. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.3704
Wang, LS, Murphy, CT, Ruth, K, Zaorsky, N, Smaldone, MC, Sobczak, ML, Kutikov, A, Viterbo, R & Horwitz, EM 2015, 'Impact of obesity on outcomes after definitive dose-escalated intensity-modulated radiotherapy for localized prostate cancer' Cancer, vol. 121, no. 17, pp. 3010-3017. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.29472
Shaikh, T, Zaorsky, N, Ruth, K, Chen, DY, Greenberg, RE, Li, J, Crawford, K & Horwitz, EM 2015, 'Is it necessary to perform week three dosimetric analysis in low-dose-rate brachytherapy for prostate cancer when day 0 dosimetry is done? A quality assurance assessment' Brachytherapy, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 316-321. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brachy.2014.09.012
Zaorsky, N, Hurwitz, MD, Dicker, AP, Showalter, TN & Den, RB 2015, 'Is robotic arm stereotactic body radiation therapy 'virtual high-dose rate brachytherapy' effective for prostate cancer? An analysis of comparative effectiveness using published data' Expert Review of Medical Devices, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 317-327. https://doi.org/10.1586/17434440.2015.994606
Wang, HH, Zaorsky, N, Meng, MB, Wu, ZQ, Zeng, XL, Jiang, B, Jiang, C, Zhao, LJ, Yuan, ZY & Wang, P 2015, 'Multimodality therapy is recommended for limited-stage combined small cell esophageal carcinoma' OncoTargets and Therapy, vol. 8, pp. 437-444. https://doi.org/10.2147/OTT.S76048
Meng, MB, Zaorsky, N, Deng, L, Wang, HH, Chao, J, Zhao, LJ, Yuan, ZY & Ping, W 2015, 'Pericytes: A double-edged sword in cancer therapy', Future Oncology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 169-179. https://doi.org/10.2217/fon.14.123
Zaorsky, N, Hallman, MA & Smaldone, MC 2015, 'Radiation therapy to the primary tumor in locally advanced prostate cancer is not "closing the barn door after the horse has bolted"', Annals of Translational Medicine, vol. 3, no. 18, 274. https://doi.org/10.3978/j.issn.2305-5839.2015.09.14
Zhang, I, Zaorsky, N, Palmer, JD, Mehra, R & Lu, B 2015, 'Targeting brain metastases in ALK-rearranged non-small-cell lung cancer', The Lancet Oncology, vol. 16, no. 13, pp. e510-e521. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1470-2045(15)00013-3
Meng, MB, Wang, HH, Guo, WH, Wu, ZQ, Zeng, XL, Zaorsky, N, Shi, HS, Qian, D, Niu, ZM, Jiang, B, Zhao, LJ, Yuan, ZY & Wang, P 2015, 'Targeting pyruvate kinase M2 contributes to radiosensitivity of non-small cell lung cancer cells in vitro and in vivo', Cancer Letters, vol. 356, no. 2, pp. 985-993. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.canlet.2014.11.016
Zaorsky, N, Palmer, JD, Hurwitz, MD, Keith, SW, Dicker, AP & Den, RB 2015, 'What is the ideal radiotherapy dose to treat prostate cancer? A meta-analysis of biologically equivalent dose escalation', Radiotherapy and Oncology, vol. 115, no. 3, pp. 295-300. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.radonc.2015.05.011

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