Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

Robert Harbaugh, MD

Robert Harbaugh, MD

Distinguished Professor, Department of Neurosurgery
Disease Teams:
Brain and Central Nervous System Cancer

Research Interests

  • Therapeutics
  • Carotid Endarterectomy
  • Neurosurgery
  • Neurosurgeons
  • Intracranial Aneurysm
  • Alzheimer Disease
  • Aneurysm
  • Stroke
  • Seizures
  • Brain
  • Registries
  • Carotid Stenosis

Recent Publications


Asher, AL, Khalafallah, AM, Mukherjee, D, Alvi, MA, Yolcu, YU, Khan, I, Pennings, JS, Davidson, CA, Archer, KR, Moshel, YA, Knightly, J, Roguski, M, Zacharia, BE, Harbaugh, RE, Kalkanis, SN & Bydon, M 2022, 'Launching the Quality Outcomes Database Tumor Registry: rationale, development, and pilot data', Journal of neurosurgery, vol. 136, no. 2, pp. 369-378.
Selden, NR, Barbaro, NM, Barrow, DL, Batjer, HH, Branch, CL, Burchiel, KJ, Byrne, RW, Dacey, RG, Day, AL, Dempsey, RJ, Derstine, P, Friedman, AH, Giannotta, SL, Grady, MS, Harsh IV, GR, Harbaugh, RE, Mapstone, TB, Muraszko, KM, Origitano, TC, Orrico, KO, Popp, AJ, Sagher, O, Selman, WR & Zipfel, GJ 2022, 'Neurosurgery residency and fellowship education in the United States: 2 decades of system development by the One Neurosurgery Summit organizations', Journal of neurosurgery, vol. 136, no. 2, pp. 565-574.
Asher, AL, El Sammak, S, Michalopoulos, GD, Yolcu, YU, Alexander, AY, Knightly, JJ, Foley, KT, Shaffrey, CI, Harbaugh, RE, Rose, GA, Coric, D, Bisson, EF, Glassman, SD, Mummaneni, PV & Bydon, M 2022, 'Time trend analysis of database and registry use in the neurosurgical literature: evidence for the advance of registry science', Journal of neurosurgery, vol. 136, no. 6, pp. 1804-1809.


Harbaugh, RE, Devin, C, Leavy, MB, Ghogawala, Z, Archer, KR, Bydon, M, Goertz, C, Dinstein, D, Nerenz, DR, Eakin, GS, Lavelle, W, Shaffer, WO, Arnold, PM, Washabaugh, CH & Gliklich, RE 2021, 'Harmonized outcome measures for use in degenerative lumbar spondylolisthesis patient registries and clinical practice', Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 888-896.


Khan, I, Sivaganesan, A, Archer, KR, Bydon, M, McGirt, MJ, Nian, H, Harrell, FE, Foley, KT, Mummaneni, PV, Bisson, EF, Shaffrey, C, Harbaugh, R, Asher, AL, Devin, CJ, Asher, AL, McGirt, MJ, Devin, CJ, Foley, KT, Sorenson, JM, Briggs, TB, Kremer, A, Griffitt, WE, Bisson, EF, Shaffrey, ME, Shaffrey, C, Fassett, D, Oetting, G, Elowitz, EH & Rumana, C 2020, 'Does Neck Disability Index Correlate with 12-Month Satisfaction after Elective Surgery for Cervical Radiculopathy? Results from a National Spine Registry', Neurosurgery, vol. 86, no. 5, pp. 736-741.
Harbaugh, RE, Asher, AL, Cockroft, KM, Knightly, J & Narenthiran, G 2020, 'Evolution of the science of practice', Neurosurgical focus, vol. 48, no. 5, e1.
Harbaugh, RE 2020, 'How the science of practice will improve evidence-based care', Neurosurgical focus, vol. 48, no. 5, 202.
Rai, P, Oh, S, Shyamkumar, P, Ramasamy, M, Harbaugh, RE & Varadan, VK 2020, 'Nano- bio- textile sensors with mobile wireless platform for wearable health monitoring of neurological and cardiovascular disorders', Journal of the Electrochemical Society, vol. 161, no. 2, pp. 3117-3151.
Asher, AL, Knightly, J, Mummaneni, PV, Alvi, MA, McGirt, MJ, Yolcu, YU, Chan, AK, Glassman, SD, Foley, KT, Slotkin, JR, Potts, EA, Shaffrey, ME, Shaffrey, CI, Haid, RW, Fu, KM, Wang, MY, Park, P, Bisson, EF, Harbaugh, RE & Bydon, M 2020, 'Quality outcomes database spine care project 2012-2020: Milestones achieved in a collaborative north American outcomes registry to advance value-based spine care and evolution to the american spine registry', Neurosurgical focus, vol. 48, no. 5, E2.
Abbott, AL, Brunser, AM, Giannoukas, A, Harbaugh, RE, Kleinig, T, Lattanzi, S, Poppert, H, Rundek, T, Shahidi, S, Silvestrini, M & Topakian, R 2020, 'Rectifying the misconceptions about current best management of asymptomatic carotid stenosis is not about revising history', Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 72, no. 2, pp. 765-767.
Asher, AL, Bydon, M & Harbaugh, RE 2020, 'Reflections on the first decade of neurosurgical science of practice: What has been accomplished; What ambitions remain to be fulfilled?', Neurosurgical focus, vol. 48, no. 5, E3.
Abbott, AL, Brunser, AM, Giannoukas, A, Harbaugh, RE, Kleinig, T, Lattanzi, S, Poppert, H, Rundek, T, Shahidi, S, Silvestrini, M & Topakian, R 2020, 'Reply', Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 72, no. 1, pp. 384-385.


Levi, AD, Starke, RM, Komotar, RJ & Harbaugh, RE 2019, 'Activity versus injury: Further defining the risk/benefit ratio in the Neurosurgery Charity Softball Tournament', Journal of neurosurgery, vol. 130, no. 1, pp. 333-334.
Pikus, H & Harbaugh, R 2019, 'Commentary on: A risk–benefit assessment strategy to exclude cervical artery dissection in spinal manual therapy: a comprehensive review', Annals of Medicine, vol. 51, no. 5-6, pp. 330-331.
Abbott, AL, Brunser, AM, Giannoukas, A, Harbaugh, RE, Kleinig, T, Lattanzi, S, Poppert, H, Rundek, T, Shahidi, S, Silvestrini, M & Topakian, R 2020, 'Misconceptions regarding the adequacy of best medical intervention alone for asymptomatic carotid stenosis', Journal of Vascular Surgery, vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 257-269.
Sivaganesan, A, Zuckerman, S, Khan, I, Nian, H, Harrell, FE, Pennings, JS, Harbaugh, R, Foley, KT, Bydon, M, Asher, AL, Devin, CJ & Archer, KR 2019, 'Predictive Model for Medical and Surgical Readmissions Following Elective Lumbar Spine Surgery: A National Study of 33,674 Patients', Spine, vol. 44, no. 8, pp. 588-600.


Anderson, BL, Rohatgi, P & Harbaugh, RE 2018, Achieving success in quality reporting. in Quality Spine Care: Healthcare Systems, Quality Reporting, and Risk Adjustment. Springer International Publishing, pp. 385-395.
Harbaugh, RE 2018, 'Artificial neural networks for neurosurgical diagnosis, prognosis, and management', Neurosurgical focus, vol. 45, no. 5, E3.
Meadowcroft, M, Cooper, TK, Rupprecht, S, Wright, TC, Neely, EE, Ferenci, M, Kang, W, Yang, Q, Harbaugh, R, Connor, J & McInerney, J 2018, 'Gamma Knife radiosurgery of saccular aneurysms in a rabbit model', Journal of neurosurgery, vol. 129, no. 6, pp. 1530-1540.
Asher, AL, Devin, CJ, Harbaugh, RE & Bydon, M 2018, 'Predictive analytics in medicine', Neurosurgical focus, vol. 45, no. 5, E1.
Zoccoli, C, Li, CF, Black, D, Smith, DB, Sheehan, J, Harbaugh, RE & Glantz, M 2019, 'The Honest Palm Sign: Detecting Incomplete Effort on Physical Examination', World neurosurgery, vol. 122, pp. e1354-e1358.
Varadan, VK, Rai, P, Oh, SC, Kumar, PS, Ramasamy, M & Harbaugh, RE 2018, Wearable technology and mobile platform for wearable antennas for human health monitoring. in Developments in Antenna Analysis and Design: Volume 1. Institution of Engineering and Technology, pp. 279-350.

Clinical Trials Search

Children (age < 18 years)
Adults (age >= 18 years)