Navigation Menu

Clinical Trial External Search

Children (age < 18 years)
Adults (age >= 18 years)

Researcher Profile

Researcher Display

Neil Christensen, MSc, PhD

Neil Christensen, MSc, PhD

Professor, Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine
Division of Experimental Pathology
Professor, Department of Microbiology and Immunology
Center for Cannabis and Natural Product Pharmaceuticals (CCNPP)
Scientific Program:Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis
Disease Teams:
Cancer Institute, Immunotherapy Team

Research Interests

  • Virion
  • Rabbits
  • Cottontail rabbit papillomavirus
  • Epitopes
  • Papillomavirus Infections
  • Antibodies
  • Capsid
  • Monoclonal Antibodies
  • Neoplasms
  • Human papillomavirus 16
  • Human papillomavirus 11
  • Skin

Recent Publications


Chen, K-M, Sun, Y-W, Hu, J, Balogh, K, Gowda, K, Aliaga, C, Sun, D, Christensen, N, Amin, S & El-Bayoumy, K 2023, 'Gender Difference in DNA Damage Induced by the Environmental Carcinogen Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene Individually and in Combination with Mouse Papillomavirus Infection in the Mouse Oral Cavity', ACS Omega.
Brendle, SA, Li, JJ, Walter, V, Schell, T, Kozak, M, Balogh, KK, Lu, S, Christensen, ND, Zhu, Y, El-Bayoumy, K & Hu, J 2023, 'Immune Responses in Oral Papillomavirus Clearance in the MmuPV1 Mouse Model', Pathogens, vol. 12, no. 12, 1452.
Sharma, N, Jerajani, K, Wan, Y, Kumru, OS, Pullagurla, SR, Ogun, O, Mapari, S, Brendle, S, Christensen, ND, Batwal, S, Mahedvi, M, Rao, H, Dogar, V, Chandrasekharan, R, Shaligram, U, Volkin, DB & Joshi, SB 2023, 'Multi-dose Formulation Development for a Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Virus-Like Particle-Based Vaccine: Part II- Real-time and Accelerated Stability Studies', Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 458-470.


Vishweshwaraiah, YL, Hnath, B, Rackley, B, Wang, J, Gontu, A, Chandler, M, Afonin, KA, Kuchipudi, SV, Christensen, N, Yennawar, NH & Dokholyan, NV 2022, 'Adaptation-Proof SARS-CoV-2 Vaccine Design', Advanced Functional Materials, vol. 32, no. 49, 2206055.
Jerajani, K, Wan, Y, Hickey, JM, Kumru, OS, Sharma, N, Pullagurla, SR, Ogun, O, Mapari, S, Whitaker, N, Brendle, S, Christensen, ND, Batwal, S, Mahedvi, M, Rao, H, Dogar, V, Chandrasekharan, R, Shaligram, U, Joshi, SB & Volkin, DB 2022, 'Analytical and Preformulation Characterization Studies of Human Papillomavirus Virus-Like Particles to Enable Quadrivalent Multi-Dose Vaccine Formulation Development', Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 111, no. 11, pp. 2983-2997.
Hu, J, Brendle, SA, Li, JJ, Walter, V, Cladel, NM, Cooper, T, Shearer, DA, Balogh, KK & Christensen, ND 2022, 'Depo Medroxyprogesterone (DMPA) Promotes Papillomavirus Infections but Does Not Accelerate Disease Progression in the Anogenital Tract of a Mouse Model', Viruses, vol. 14, no. 5, 980.
Cladel, NM, Xu, J, Peng, X, Jiang, P, Christensen, ND, Zheng, ZM & Hu, J 2022, 'Modeling HPV-Associated Disease and Cancer Using the Cottontail Rabbit Papillomavirus', Viruses, vol. 14, no. 9, 1964.
Jerajani, K, Wan, Y, Kumru, OS, Pullagurla, SR, Kumar, P, Sharma, N, Ogun, O, Mapari, S, Brendle, S, Christensen, ND, Batwal, S, Mahedvi, M, Rao, H, Dogar, V, Chandrasekharan, R, Shaligram, U, Joshi, SB & Volkin, DB 2023, 'Multi-Dose Formulation Development for a Quadrivalent Human Papillomavirus Virus-Like Particle-Based Vaccine: Part I - Screening of Preservative Combinations', Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, vol. 112, no. 2, pp. 446-457.
Brendle, SA, Li, J, Cladel, NM, Balogh, KK, Booth, J, Shearer, DA, Walter, V, Lu, S, Christensen, ND, Covington, D, DeBroff, J, Milici, J, Zhu, Y, Viscidi, R & Hu, J 2022, 'Passive Immunization with a Single Monoclonal Neutralizing Antibody Protects against Cutaneous and Mucosal Mouse Papillomavirus Infections', Journal of virology, vol. 96, no. 16.
Olczak, P, Matsui, K, Wong, M, Alvarez, J, Lambert, P, Christensen, ND, Hu, J, Huber, B, Kirnbauer, R, Wang, JW & Roden, RBS 2022, 'RG2-VLP: a Vaccine Designed to Broadly Protect against Anogenital and Skin Human Papillomaviruses Causing Human Cancer', Journal of virology, vol. 96, no. 13.


Brendle, S, Cladel, N, Balogh, K, Alam, S, Christensen, N, Meyers, C & Hu, J 2021, 'A comparative study on delivery of externally attached dna by papillomavirus vlps and pseudoviruses', Vaccines, vol. 9, no. 12, 1501.
Hartmann, SR, Goetschius, DJ, Hu, J, Graff, JJ, Bator, CM, Christensen, ND & Hafenstein, SL 2021, 'Cryo em analysis reveals inherent flexibility of authentic murine papillomavirus capsids', Viruses, vol. 13, no. 10, 2023.
Xu, J, Zhang, J, Yang, D, Song, J, Pallas, B, Zhang, C, Hu, J, Peng, X, Christensen, ND, Han, R & Chen, YE 2021, 'Gene Editing in Rabbits: Unique Opportunities for Translational Biomedical Research', Frontiers in Genetics, vol. 12, 642444.
Goetschius, DJ, Hartmann, SR, Subramanian, S, Bator, CM, Christensen, ND & Hafenstein, SL 2021, 'High resolution cryo EM analysis of HPV16 identifies minor structural protein L2 and describes capsid flexibility', Scientific reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 3498.
Béziat, V, Rapaport, F, Hu, J, Titeux, M, Bonnet des Claustres, M, Bourgey, M, Griffin, H, Bandet, É, Ma, CS, Sherkat, R, Rokni-Zadeh, H, Louis, DM, Changi-Ashtiani, M, Delmonte, OM, Fukushima, T, Habib, T, Guennoun, A, Khan, T, Bender, N, Rahman, M, About, F, Yang, R, Rao, G, Rouzaud, C, Li, J, Shearer, D, Balogh, K, Al Ali, F, Ata, M, Dabiri, S, Momenilandi, M, Nammour, J, Alyanakian, MA, Leruez-Ville, M, Guenat, D, Materna, M, Marcot, L, Vladikine, N, Soret, C, Vahidnezhad, H, Youssefian, L, Saeidian, AH, Uitto, J, Catherinot, É, Navabi, SS, Zarhrate, M, Woodley, DT, Jeljeli, M, Abraham, T, Belkaya, S, Lorenzo, L, Rosain, J, Bayat, M, Lanternier, F, Lortholary, O, Zakavi, F, Gros, P, Orth, G, Abel, L, Prétet, JL, Fraitag, S, Jouanguy, E, Davis, MM, Tangye, SG, Notarangelo, LD, Marr, N, Waterboer, T, Langlais, D, Doorbar, J, Hovnanian, A, Christensen, N, Bossuyt, X, Shahrooei, M & Casanova, JL 2021, 'Humans with inherited T cell CD28 deficiency are susceptible to skin papillomaviruses but are otherwise healthy', Cell, vol. 184, no. 14, pp. 3812-3828.e30.
Kumar, R, Christensen, ND, Kaddis Maldonado, RJ, Bewley, MC, Ostman, A, Sudol, M, Chen, EC, Buchkovich, NW, Gontu, A, Surendran Nair, M, Nissly, RH, Minns, AM, Kapur, V, Rossi, R, Kuchipudi, SV, Lindner, SE, Parent, LJ, Flanagan, JM & Buchkovich, NJ 2021, 'Monoclonal antibodies to s and n sars-cov-2 proteins as probes to assess structural and antigenic properties of coronaviruses', Viruses, vol. 13, no. 10, 1899.
Brendle, S, Li, JJ, Cladel, NM, Shearer, DA, Budgeon, LR, Balogh, KK, Atkins, H, Costa-Fujishima, M, Lopez, P, Christensen, ND, Doorbar, J, Murooka, TT & Hu, J 2021, 'Mouse papillomavirus l1 and l2 are dispensable for viral infection and persistence at both cutaneous and mucosal tissues', Viruses, vol. 13, no. 9, 1824.
Tschirley, AM, Stockwell, PA, Rodger, EJ, Eltherington, O, Morison, IM, Christensen, N, Chatterjee, A & Hibma, M 2021, 'The mouse papillomavirus epigenetic signature is characterised by dna hypermethylation after lesion regression', Viruses, vol. 13, no. 10, 2045.


El-Bayoumy, K, Christensen, ND, Hu, J, Viscidi, R, Stairs, DB, Walter, V, Chen, KM, Sun, YW, Muscat, JE & Richie, JP 2020, 'An integrated approach for preventing oral cavity and oropharyngeal cancers: Two etiologies with distinct and shared mechanisms of carcinogenesis', Cancer Prevention Research, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 649-660.
Lauver, MD, Goetschius, DJ, Netherby-Winslow, CS, Ayers, KN, Jin, G, Haas, DG, Frost, EL, Cho, SH, Bator, CM, Bywaters, SM, Christensen, ND, Hafenstein, SL & Lukacher, AE 2020, 'Antibody escape by polyomavirus capsid mutation facilitates neurovirulence', eLife, vol. 9, pp. 1-68.
Osborne, AJ, Atkins, HM, Balogh, KK, Brendle, SA, Shearer, DA, Hu, J, Sample, CE & Christensen, ND 2020, 'Antibody-mediated immune subset depletion modulates the immune response in a rabbit (Oryctolagus cuniculus) model of Epstein-Barr virus infection', Comparative Medicine, vol. 70, no. 5, pp. 312-322.
Godi, A, Boampong, D, Elegunde, B, Panwar, K, Fleury, M, Li, S, Zhao, Q, Xia, N, Christensen, ND & Beddows, S 2020, 'Comprehensive Assessment of the Antigenic Impact of Human Papillomavirus Lineage Variation on Recognition by Neutralizing Monoclonal Antibodies Raised against Lineage A Major Capsid Proteins of Vaccine-Related Genotypes', Journal of virology, vol. 94, no. 24, e01236-20.
Christensen, ND, Chen, KM, Hu, J, Stairs, DB, Sun, YW, Aliaga, C, Balogh, KK, Atkins, H, Shearer, D, Li, J, Brendle, SA, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Walter, V, Viscidi, R & El-Bayoumy, K 2021, 'The environmental pollutant and tobacco smoke constituent dibenzo[def,p]chrysene is a co-factor for malignant progression of mouse oral papillomavirus infections', Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol. 333, 109321.