Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

Michael Green, MS, MD

Michael Green, MS, MD

Professor, Department of Humanities
Professor, Department of Medicine
Division of General Internal Medicine
Scientific Program:Cancer Control
mjg15@psu.edu

Research Interests

Dr. Michael Green joined the faculty of Penn State College of Medicine in 1996. His research has focused on decision-making, bioethics and communication, and has received funding through the NIH, the American Cancer Society and several foundations.

Most recently, Dr. Green’s research has focused on helping patients and their family members make informed decisions at the end-of-life. Together with long-time collaborator Dr. Benjamin Levi, Dr. Green is the co-creator of “Making Your Wishes Known,” an interactive computer-based decision aid that helps individuals be better prepared to make medical decisions when they can no longer speak for themselves. In diverse populations and settings, this decision aid has been shown to reliably and accurately represent patients’ wishes for life-sustaining care, to help physicians more accurately predict what patients would want, and to increase concordance between what spokespersons would choose on behalf of patients and what patients say they would actually want.

Dr. Green also is a pioneer in the use of comics in medical education. He helped establish the field of “Graphic Medicine” and has published landmark articles on the topic as well as being one of the authors of the Graphic Medicine Manifesto from Penn State University Press. He is guest editor of the Graphic Medicine section of the Annals of Internal Medicine, and he teaches a course on Comics and Medicine to 4th-year medical students, whose comics can be viewed online.

In the area of professionalism and medical training, Dr. Green has authored several important articles on truth-telling, professional identify formation, informed consent and communication, and is co-author of the book Breaking the Cycle: How to Turn Conflict into Collaboration When You and Your Patients Disagree from ACP Press.

  • Advance Care Planning
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Randomized Controlled Trials
  • Physicians
  • Software
  • Neoplasms
  • Decision Making
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Advance Directives
  • Genetic Testing
  • Medical Students
  • Delivery of Health Care

Recent Publications

2022

Vipler, B, Green, M, McCall-Hosenfeld, J, Haidet, P & Tisdell, E 2022, 'A Graphic Transformation: A Qualitative Study of Transformative Learning in Medical Trainees during COVID-19 Using Comics as Data Presentation', Teaching and Learning in Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1080/10401334.2022.2062362
Van Scoy, LJ, Scott, AM, Green, M, Witt, PD, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, VM & Levi, BH 2022, 'Communication Quality Analysis: A User-friendly Observational Measure of Patient–Clinician Communication', Communication Methods and Measures. https://doi.org/10.1080/19312458.2022.2099819
Maatman, T, Green, MJ & Noe, MN 2022, 'Graphic Medicine in Graduate Medical Education', Journal of graduate medical education, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 113-114. https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-21-01107.1
McCormick, JB, Hopkins, M, Lehman, EB & Green, MJ 2022, 'Mining the Data: Exploring Rural Patients’ Attitudes about the Use of Their Personal Information in Research', AJOB Empirical Bioethics, vol. 13, no. 2, pp. 89-106. https://doi.org/10.1080/23294515.2022.2040644

2021

Kunzler, BR, Foy, AJ, Levi, BH, Van Scoy, LJ, Lehman, EB, Smith, TJ & Green, MJ 2022, 'Does Caregiver Participation in Advance Care Planning Using a Decision Support Tool Together With Patients Reduce Caregiver Strain, Burden and Anxiety Over Time? A Post-Hoc Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 757-761. https://doi.org/10.1177/10499091211040233
Thiede, E, Levi, BH, Lipnick, D, Johnson, R, Seo La, I, Lehman, EB, Smith, T, Wiegand, D, Green, M & Van Scoy, LJ 2021, 'Effect of Advance Care Planning on Surrogate Decision Makers' Preparedness for Decision Making: Results of a Mixed-Methods Randomized Controlled Trial', Journal of palliative medicine, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 982-993. https://doi.org/10.1089/jpm.2020.0238
Van Scoy, LJ, Green, MJ, Creswell, J, Thiede, E, Wiegand, D, La, IS, Lipnick, D, Johnson, R, Dimmock, AE, Foy, A, Lehman, E, Chinchilli, VM & Levi, BH 2021, 'Generating a New Outcome Variable Using Mixed Methods in a Randomized Controlled Trial: The Caregiver Study—An Advance Care Planning Investigation', Journal of Mixed Methods Research, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 567-586. https://doi.org/10.1177/1558689820970686
Green, MJ & Callender, B 2021, 'Graphic Medicine - The Best of 2021', JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 326, no. 24, pp. 2453-2455. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2021.21248
Van Scoy, LJ, Witt, PD, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Currin, L, Wasserman, E, Tucci, A, Levi, BH & Green, MJ 2022, 'Success of a Community-Based Delivery at Recruiting Individuals from Underserved Communities for an Observational Cohort Study of an Advance Care Planning Intervention', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. e149-e154. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2021.09.021
Simmons, DB, Levi, BH, Green, MJ, La, IS, Lipnick, D, Smith, TJ, Thiede, ER, Wiegand, DL & Van Scoy, L 2022, 'What Surrogates Understand (and Don’t Understand) About Patients’ Wishes After Engaging Advance Care Planning: A Qualitative Analysis', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 427-432. https://doi.org/10.1177/10499091211026674

2020

Green, MJ, Croskerry, P & Rieck, R 2020, 'Annals graphic medicine bed blocker', Annals of internal medicine, vol. 172, no. 11, pp. W142-W148. https://doi.org/10.7326/G20-0001
Van Scoy, LJ, Levi, BH, Witt, P, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Levi, AR, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, V, Tucci, A & Green, MJ 2020, 'Association of Participation in an End-of-Life Conversation Game With Advance Care Planning Behavior and Perspectives Among African American Individuals', JAMA network open, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. e204315. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2020.4315
Green, MJ & Wall, S 2020, 'Graphic medicine—the best of 2020', JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 324, no. 24, pp. 2469-2471. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2020.19479
Van Scoy, LJ, Green, MJ, Witt, PD, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Toyobo, O, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, VM, Tucci, A & Levi, BH 2021, 'Low Skepticism and Positive Attitudes About Advance Care Planning Among African Americans: a National, Mixed Methods Cohort Study', Journal of general internal medicine, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 705-712. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-020-06224-z
Lipnick, D, Green, M, Thiede, E, Smith, TJ, Lehman, EB, Johnson, R, La, IS, Wiegand, D, Levi, BH & Van Scoy, LJ 2020, 'Surrogate Decision Maker Stress in Advance Care Planning Conversations: A Mixed-Methods Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1117-1126. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2020.07.001
Vidt, ME, Potochny, J, Dodge, D, Green, M, Sturgeon, K, Kass, R & Schmitz, KH 2020, 'The influence of mastectomy and reconstruction on residual upper limb function in breast cancer survivors', Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, vol. 182, no. 3, pp. 531-541. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10549-020-05717-z

2019

Schubart, JR, Levi, B, Bain, MM, Farace, E & Green, M 2019, 'Advance care planning among patients with advanced cancer', Journal of oncology practice, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. E65-E73. https://doi.org/10.1200/JOP.18.00044
Van Scoy, L, Green, M & Volpe, R 2019, 'Evaluating an Advance Care Planning Curriculum: a Lecture, a Game, a Patient, and an Essay', Medical Science Educator, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 453-462. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40670-019-00713-5
Green, MJ, Plotkin, LH & Noe, MN 2019, 'Graphic Medicine - The Best of 2019', JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 322, no. 24, pp. 2368-2370. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2019.19640
Foy, A, Levi, B, Van Scoy, L, Bucher, A, Dimmock, A & Green, M 2019, 'Patient preference to accept medical treatment is associated with spokesperson agreement', Annals of the American Thoracic Society, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 518-521. https://doi.org/10.1513/AnnalsATS.201806-428RL
Green, MJ, Van Scoy, LJ, Foy, AJ, Dimmock, AEF, Lehman, E & Levi, BH 2020, 'Patients With Advanced Cancer Choose Less Aggressive Medical Treatment on Vignettes After Using a Computer-Based Decision Aid', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 537-541. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909119892596
Green, MJ 2019, 'Reimagining the cape: Exploring new metaphors for emerging medical professionals', Annals of internal medicine, vol. 170, no. 3, pp. 205-206. https://doi.org/10.7326/M18-3466
Myers, KR, George, DR, Huang, X, Goldenberg, MDF, Van Scoy, LJ, Lehman, E & Green, MJ 2019, 'Use of a Graphic Memoir to Enhance Clinicians' Understanding of and Empathy for Patients with Parkinson Disease', The Permanente journal, vol. 24. https://doi.org/10.7812/TPP/19.060

2018

Stewart, RR, Dimmock, AEF, Green, MJ, Van Scoy, LJ, Schubart, JR, Yang, C, Farace, E, Bascom, R & Levi, BH 2019, 'An Analysis of Recruitment Efficiency for an End-of-Life Advance Care Planning Randomized Controlled Trial', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 50-54. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909118785158
Van Scoy, LJ, Watson-Martin, E, Bohr, TA, Levi, BH & Green, MJ 2018, 'End-of-Life Conversation Game Increases Confidence for Having End-of-Life Conversations for Chaplains-in-Training', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 592-600. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909117723619
George, DR, de Boer, C, Hammer, J, Hopkins, M, King, T & Green, MJ 2018, 'Evaluating the benefits of hospital room artwork for patients receiving cancer treatment: A randomized controlled trial', Journal of Hospital Medicine, vol. 13, no. 8, pp. 558-561. https://doi.org/10.12788/jhm.2915
Schubart, JR, Reading, JM, Penrod, J, Stewart, RR, Sampath, R, Lehmann, LS, Levi, BH & Green, MJ 2018, 'Family Caregivers’ Characterization of Conversations Following an ACP Event', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1161-1167. https://doi.org/10.1177/1049909118760302
Green, M & Mahato, M 2018, 'Graphic Medicine: The Best of 2018', JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 320, no. 24, pp. 2510-2511. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2018.18009
Volpe, RL & Green, MJ 2018, 'Medical Schools Should Admit More Guitar Players', Journal of general internal medicine, vol. 33, no. 5, pp. 581-582. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11606-018-4379-9
McCormick, JB, Green, MJ & Shapiro, D 2018, 'Medication Nonadherence: There's an App for That!', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 93, no. 10, pp. 1346-1350. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.05.029
Andrews, H, Soni, A, Green, M, Ely, A & Quillen, D 2018, 'Parent attitudes toward resident involvement in their child's strabismus surgery', Journal of AAPOS, vol. 22, no. 4, pp. 262-265.e3. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jaapos.2018.03.008
Volpe, RL, Mrozowski, S & Green, MJ 2018, 'Should Trainees Get Paid to Submit Patient Safety Reports?', Journal of graduate medical education, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 676-677. https://doi.org/10.4300/JGME-D-18-00817.1

Clinical Trials Search


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Adults (age >= 18 years)