Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

Michael Green, MS, MD

Michael Green, MS, MD

Professor, Department of Humanities
Professor, Department of Medicine
Division of General Internal Medicine and Hospital Medicine
Scientific Program:Cancer Control

Research Interests

Dr. Michael Green joined the faculty of Penn State College of Medicine in 1996. His research has focused on decision-making, bioethics and communication, and has received funding through the NIH, the American Cancer Society and several foundations.

Most recently, Dr. Green’s research has focused on helping patients and their family members make informed decisions at the end-of-life. Together with long-time collaborator Dr. Benjamin Levi, Dr. Green is the co-creator of “Making Your Wishes Known,” an interactive computer-based decision aid that helps individuals be better prepared to make medical decisions when they can no longer speak for themselves. In diverse populations and settings, this decision aid has been shown to reliably and accurately represent patients’ wishes for life-sustaining care, to help physicians more accurately predict what patients would want, and to increase concordance between what spokespersons would choose on behalf of patients and what patients say they would actually want.

Dr. Green also is a pioneer in the use of comics in medical education. He helped establish the field of “Graphic Medicine” and has published landmark articles on the topic as well as being one of the authors of the Graphic Medicine Manifesto from Penn State University Press. He is guest editor of the Graphic Medicine section of the Annals of Internal Medicine, and he teaches a course on Comics and Medicine to 4th-year medical students, whose comics can be viewed online.

In the area of professionalism and medical training, Dr. Green has authored several important articles on truth-telling, professional identify formation, informed consent and communication, and is co-author of the book Breaking the Cycle: How to Turn Conflict into Collaboration When You and Your Patients Disagree from ACP Press.

  • Advance Care Planning
  • Physicians
  • Decision Making
  • Neoplasms
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Advance Directives
  • Software
  • Medicine
  • Medical Students
  • Breast Neoplasms
  • Genetic Testing
  • Students

Clinical Trials

Nurse AMIE: A Tablet Based Supportive Care Platform in Metastatic Breast Cancer (AMIE = Addressing Metastatic Individuals Everyday)

Recent Publications


Schubart, JR, Levi, B, Bain, MM, Farace, E & Green, M 2019, 'Advance Care Planning Among Patients With Advanced Cancer' Journal of Oncology Practice, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. e65-e73.
Foy, A, Levi, B, Van Scoy, L, Bucher, A, Dimmock, A & Green, M 2019, 'Patient preference to accept medical treatment is associated with spokesperson agreement' Annals of the American Thoracic Society, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 518-521.
Green, M 2019, 'Reimagining the cape: Exploring new metaphors for emerging medical professionals', Annals of internal medicine, vol. 170, no. 3, pp. 205-206.


Stewart, RR, Dimmock, AEF, Green, M, Van Scoy, L, Schubart, JR, Yang, C, Farace, E, Bascom, R & Levi, B 2019, 'An Analysis of Recruitment Efficiency for an End-of-Life Advance Care Planning Randomized Controlled Trial' American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 50-54.
Schubart, JR, Reading, JM, Penrod, JL, Stewart, RR, Sampath, R, Lehmann, LS, Levi, B & Green, M 2018, 'Family Caregivers’ Characterization of Conversations Following an ACP Event', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1161-1167.
Green, M & Mahato, M 2018, 'Graphic Medicine: The Best of 2018' JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association, vol. 320, no. 24, pp. 2510-2511.
McCormick, J, Green, M & Shapiro, D 2018, 'Medication Nonadherence: There's an App for That!', Mayo Clinic Proceedings, vol. 93, no. 10, pp. 1346-1350.
Volpe, R, Mrozowski, S & Green, M 2018, 'Should Trainees Get Paid to Submit Patient Safety Reports?', Journal of graduate medical education, vol. 10, no. 6, pp. 676-677.


Schubart, JR, Camacho, F, Green, M, Rush, KA & Levi, B 2017, 'Assessing the internal consistency and temporal stability of advance directives generated by an interactive, online computer program', BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 67-72.
Myers, K, Green, M & George, D 2017, 'Authorship negotiation at an interdisciplinary impasse' Academic Medicine, vol. 92, no. 2.


Green, M 2016, 'In Reply to Kato and Nishigori' Academic Medicine, vol. 91, no. 3, pp. 290-291.
George, D & Green, M 2017, 'Mentors, monsters, and medical education' Medical Teacher, vol. 39, no. 3, pp. 321-322.
Volpe, R, Benrud, J, Gordon, EJ & Green, M 2016, 'Perceived low-quality communication is not associated with greater frequency of requests for ethics consultation: Null findings from an empirical study' AJOB Empirical Bioethics, vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 235-239.
George, D & Green, M 2016, 'Social media and storytelling in medicine: Probing deeper' Academic Medicine, vol. 91, no. 5, pp. 610-611.


Schubart, JR, Green, M, Van Scoy, L, Lehman, E, Farace, E, Gusani, NJ & Levi, B 2015, 'Advanced Cancer and End-of-Life Preferences: Curative Intent Surgery Versus Noncurative Intent Treatment', Journal of palliative medicine, vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 1015-1018.
Pentz, RD, Hendershot, KA, Wall, L, White, TE, Peterson, SK, Thomas, CB, McCormick, J, Green, M, Lewis, C, Farmer, ZL, Hlubocky, FJ, Dossul, T, Dixon, MD, Liu, Y, Switchenko, JM, Salvador, C, Owonikoko, TK, Harvey, RD & Khuri, FR 2015, 'Development and testing of a tool to assess patient preferences for phase i clinical trial participation', Psycho-Oncology, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 835-838.
Green, M 2015, Enhancement technologies: The incredibles. in The Picture of Health: Medical Ethics and the Movies. Oxford University Press, pp. 1-6.
Carrese, JA, Malek, J, Watson, K, Lehmann, LS, Green, M, Mccullough, LB, Geller, G, Braddock, CH & Doukas, DJ 2015, 'The essential role of medical ethics education in achieving professionalism: The romanell report', Academic Medicine, vol. 90, no. 6, pp. 744-752.
Markham, SA, Levi, B, Green, M & Schubart, JR 2015, 'Use of a computer program for advance care planning with african american participants', Journal of the National Medical Association, vol. 107, no. 1, pp. 26-32.

Clinical Trials Search

Children (age < 18 years)
Adults (age >= 18 years)