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Krishne Gowda, PhD

Krishne Gowda, PhD

Associate Professor, Department of Pharmacology
Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology
Scientific Program:Mechanisms of Carcinogenesis
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Research Interests

Dr. Krishne Gowda's research efforts combine synthetic organic chemistry, biochemical and molecular biological tools in an interdisciplinary approach to designing and synthesis of small molecules that specifically target diseased cells or infectious agents.

The long-term goal of the research is the development of selective strategies for the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Topics of current interest include:

  • Development of selective modulators of Aryl hydrocarbon receptor (SAhRM) activity. Recently, the lab developed a molecule SGA360 and analogs as selective modulators of aryl hydrocarbon receptor, which was shown to inhibit a set of inflammatory cytokines. Future studies are needed to test whether SGA360 and analogs would be useful in treating chronic inflammatory diseases.
  • Development of novel therapeutic agents for cancer. Currently, the lab has developed novel isatin derivatives that were demonstrated as aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) inhibitors and suitable candidates for further study for the anticancer activity. The lab developed maritoclax and pyoluteorin derivatives as Mcl-1 inhibitors and is also involved in the synthesis of various carcinogens like polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons and their metabolites like diols and diol epoxides and tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines, wherein they prepare specific carcinogens and their metabolites for bioassays and the exploration of DNA adducts formation. The lab uses mechanisms of chemical carcinogenesis as a tool for developing chemopreventive strategies to reduce the morbidity and mortality from cancer.
  • Neoplasms
  • Aryl Hydrocarbon Receptors
  • Plasmodium falciparum
  • Glycosylphosphatidylinositols
  • dibenzo(a,l)pyrene
  • Tobacco
  • Ligands
  • Carcinogens
  • DNA Damage
  • Apoptosis
  • Cytokines
  • Macrophages

Recent Publications


Chen, YC, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Schell, TD, Sharma, AK & Robertson, GP 2024, 'Pharmacological agents targeting drug-tolerant persister cells in cancer', Pharmacological Research, vol. 203, 107163.


Dong, F, Murray, IA, Annalora, A, Coslo, DM, Desai, D, Gowda, K, Yang, J, Wang, D, Koo, I, Hao, F, Amin, SG, Patterson, AD, Marcus, C & Perdew, GH 2023, 'Complex chemical signals dictate Ah receptor activation through the gut-lung axis', FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. e23010.
Morgan, EW, Dong, F, Annalora, AJ, Murray, IA, Wolfe, T, Erickson, R, Gowda, K, Amin, SG, Petersen, KS, Kris-Etherton, PM, Marcus, CB, Walk, ST, Patterson, AD & Perdew, GH 2023, 'Contribution of Circulating Host and Microbial Tryptophan Metabolites Toward Ah Receptor Activation', International Journal of Tryptophan Research, vol. 16.
Chen, K-M, Sun, Y-W, Hu, J, Balogh, K, Gowda, K, Aliaga, C, Sun, D, Christensen, N, Amin, S & El-Bayoumy, K 2023, 'Gender Difference in DNA Damage Induced by the Environmental Carcinogen Dibenzo[def,p]chrysene Individually and in Combination with Mouse Papillomavirus Infection in the Mouse Oral Cavity', ACS Omega.
Patel, D, Murray, IA, Dong, F, Annalora, AJ, Gowda, K, Coslo, DM, Krzeminski, J, Koo, I, Hao, F, Amin, SG, Marcus, CB, Patterson, AD & Perdew, GH 2023, 'Induction of AHR Signaling in Response to the Indolimine Class of Microbial Stress Metabolites', Metabolites, vol. 13, no. 9, 985.
Rikken, G, Smith, KJ, van den Brink, NJM, Smits, JPH, Gowda, K, Alnemri, A, Kuzu, GE, Murray, IA, Lin, JM, Smits, JGA, van Vlijmen-Willems, IM, Amin, SG, Perdew, GH & van den Bogaard, EH 2023, 'Lead optimization of aryl hydrocarbon receptor ligands for treatment of inflammatory skin disorders', Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 208, 115400.


Chen, KM, Sun, YW, Sun, D, Gowda, K, Amin, S & El-Bayoumy, K 2022, 'Black Raspberry Extract Enhances Glutathione Conjugation of the Fjord-Region Diol Epoxide Derived from the Tobacco Carcinogen Dibenzo[ def, p]chrysene in Human Oral Cells', Chemical research in toxicology, vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 2152-2159.
Alden, NA, Arrizabalaga, JH, Liu, Y, Amin, S, Gowda, K, Yao, S, Archetti, M, Glick, AB & Hayes, DJ 2022, 'Delivery of Therapeutic miR-148b Mimic via Poly(β Amino Ester) Polyplexes for Post-transcriptional Gene Regulation and Apoptosis of A549 Cells', Langmuir, vol. 38, no. 32, pp. 9833-9843.
Chen, KM, Sun, YW, Krebs, NM, Sun, D, Krzeminski, J, Reinhart, L, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Mallery, S, Richie, JP & El-Bayoumy, K 2022, 'Detection of DNA adducts derived from the tobacco carcinogens, benzo[a]pyrene and dibenzo[def,p]chrysene in human oral buccal cells', Carcinogenesis, vol. 43, no. 8, pp. 746-753.
Elbezanti, WO, Al-Odat, OS, Chitren, R, Singh, JK, Srivastava, SK, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Robertson, GP, Nemmara, VV, Jonnalagadda, SC, Budak-Alpdogan, T & Pandey, MK 2022, 'Development of a novel Bruton’s tyrosine kinase inhibitor that exerts anti-cancer activities potentiates response of chemotherapeutic agents in multiple myeloma stem cell-like cells', Frontiers in Pharmacology, vol. 13, 894535.


Chen, KM, Thompson, H, Vanden-Heuvel, JP, Sun, YW, Trushin, N, Aliaga, C, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Stanley, B, Manni, A & El-Bayoumy, K 2021, 'Lipoxygenase catalyzed metabolites derived from docosahexaenoic acid are promising antitumor agents against breast cancer', Scientific reports, vol. 11, no. 1, 410.


Chen, KM, Sun, YW, Kawasawa, YI, Salzberg, AC, Zhu, J, Gowda, K, Aliaga, C, Amin, S, Atkins, H & El-Bayoumy, K 2020, 'Black raspberry inhibits oral tumors in mice treated with the tobacco smoke constituent dibenzo(def,p)chrysene via genetic and epigenetic alterations', Cancer Prevention Research, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 357-365.
Dinavahi, SS, Gowda, R, Bazewicz, CG, Battu, MB, Lin, JM, Chitren, RJ, Pandey, MK, Amin, S, Robertson, GP & Gowda, K 2020, 'Design, synthesis characterization and biological evaluation of novel multi-isoform ALDH inhibitors as potential anticancer agents', European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 187, 111962.
Dinavahi, SS, Gowda, R, Gowda, K, Bazewicz, CG, Chirasani, VR, Battu, MB, Berg, A, Dokholyan, NV, Amin, S & Robertson, GP 2020, 'Development of a Novel Multi-Isoform ALDH Inhibitor Effective as an Antimelanoma Agent', Molecular cancer therapeutics, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 447-459.
Song, C, Ge, Z, Ding, Y, Tan, BH, Desai, D, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Gowda, R, Robertson, GP, Yue, F, Huang, S, Spiegelman, V, Payne, JL, Reeves, ME, Gurel, Z, Iyer, S, Dhanyamraju, PK, Xiang, M, Kawasawa, YI, Cury, NM, Yunes, JA, McGrath, M, Schramm, J, Su, R, Yang, Y, Zhao, Z, Lyu, X, Muschen, M, Payne, KJ, Gowda, C & Dovat, S 2020, 'IKAROS and CK2 regulate expression of BCL-XL and chemosensitivity in high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia', Blood, vol. 136, no. 13, pp. 1520-1534.
Dong, F, Hao, F, Murray, IA, Smith, PB, Koo, I, Tindall, AM, Kris-Etherton, PM, Gowda, K, Amin, SG, Patterson, AD & Perdew, GH 2020, 'Intestinal microbiota-derived tryptophan metabolites are predictive of Ah receptor activity', Gut microbes, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 1-24.
Christensen, ND, Chen, KM, Hu, J, Stairs, DB, Sun, YW, Aliaga, C, Balogh, KK, Atkins, H, Shearer, D, Li, J, Brendle, SA, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Walter, V, Viscidi, R & El-Bayoumy, K 2021, 'The environmental pollutant and tobacco smoke constituent dibenzo[def,p]chrysene is a co-factor for malignant progression of mouse oral papillomavirus infections', Chemico-Biological Interactions, vol. 333, 109321.
Annageldiyev, C, Gowda, K, Patel, T, Bhattacharya, P, Tan, SF, Iyer, S, Desai, D, Dovat, S, Feith, DJ, Loughran, TP, Amin, S, Claxton, D & Sharma, A 2020, 'The novel Isatin analog KS99 targets stemness markers in acute myeloid leukemia', Haematologica, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 687-696.