Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

Dhimant Desai, PhD

Dhimant Desai, PhD

Professor, Department of Pharmacology
Scientific Program:Next-Generation Therapies
dhd11@psu.edu

Research Interests

Dr. Dhimant Desai’s research interest is to study the structural activity relationship of organic chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agents against cancers of colon, lung, melanoma and leukemia. He specializes in micro- and macro-scale organic and bio-organic syntheses of carbocyclic nucleosides, carcinogens, chemopreventive and chemotherapeutic agents including organoselenium compounds, cytodifferentiating agents and nitric oxide inhibitors.

The focus of Dr. Desai's research is on the synthesis of carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, tobacco-specific N-nitrosamines and their metabolites and adducts. It further extends his research in animal bioassays (studies in mice, rats, hamsters); isotopic and radiochemical preparations; animal tissue distribution studies; and in vitro studies with synthetic standards, including 14C, 2H and 3H-labeled compounds.

Dr. Desai has focused on the prevention and treatment of colon cancer by selenium-containing COX-2 inhibitors. In another recently funded project, Dr. Desai has investigated PK/PD studies of PAN-antiviral agent in the treatment of HCMV infections. He is also involved in the research on gut microbiota and metabolomics studies with bile acid analogs in the treatment of non-fatty liver disease, COPD and asthma.

  • Neoplasms
  • Lung
  • Carcinogenesis
  • Selenium
  • 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone
  • Tobacco
  • 1,4-phenylenebis(methylene)selenocyanate
  • Carcinogens
  • Nitrosamines
  • Epoxy Compounds
  • DNA
  • DNA Adducts

Recent Publications

2021

Tellez, CS, Picchi, MA, Juri, D, Do, K, Desai, DH, Amin, SG, Hutt, JA, Filipczak, PT & Belinsky, SA 2021, 'Chromatin remodeling by the histone methyltransferase EZH2 drives lung pre-malignancy and is a target for cancer prevention', Clinical Epigenetics, vol. 13, no. 1, 44. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13148-021-01034-4
Ge, Z, Song, C, Ding, Y, Tan, BH, Desai, D, Sharma, A, Gowda, R, Yue, F, Huang, S, Spiegelman, V, Payne, JL, Reeves, ME, Iyer, S, Dhanyamraju, PK, Imamura, Y, Bogush, D, Bamme, Y, Yang, Y, Soliman, M, Kane, S, Dovat, E, Schramm, J, Hu, T, McGrath, M, Chroneos, ZC, Payne, KJ, Gowda, C & Dovat, S 2021, 'Dual targeting of MTOR as a novel therapeutic approach for high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia', Leukemia, vol. 35, no. 5, pp. 1267-1278. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41375-021-01132-5
Raca, G, Abdel-Azim, H, Yue, F, Broach, J, Payne, JL, Reeves, ME, Gowda, C, Schramm, J, Desai, D, Dovat, E, Hu, T, Berg, AS, Bhojwani, D, Payne, KJ & Dovat, S 2021, 'Increased Incidence of IKZF1 deletions and IGH-CRLF2 translocations in B-ALL of Hispanic/Latino children—a novel health disparity', Leukemia, vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 2399-2402. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41375-021-01133-4
Klink, M, Rahman, MA, Song, C, Dhanyamraju, PK, Ehudin, M, Ding, Y, Steffens, S, Bhadauria, P, Iyer, S, Aliaga, C, Desai, D, Huang, S, Claxton, D, Sharma, A & Gowda, C 2021, 'Mechanistic basis for in vivo therapeutic efficacy of ck2 inhibitor cx-4945 in acute myeloid leukemia', Cancers, vol. 13, no. 5, 1127, pp. 1-21. https://doi.org/10.3390/cancers13051127
Ghanghas, P, Sharma, M, Desai, D, Raza, K, Bhalla, A, Kumar, P, Narula, D, Amin, S, Sanyal, SN & Kaushal, N 2021, 'Selenium-Based Novel Epigenetic Regulators Offer Effective Chemotherapeutic Alternative with Wider Safety Margins in Experimental Colorectal Cancer', Biological Trace Element Research. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12011-021-02659-5
Dovat, E, Song, C, Hu, T, Rahman, MA, Dhanyamraju, PK, Klink, M, Bogush, D, Soliman, M, Kane, S, McGrath, M, Ding, Y, Desai, D, Sharma, A & Gowda, C 2021, 'Transcriptional regulation of PIK3CD and PIKFYVE in T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia by IKAROS and protein kinase CK2', International journal of molecular sciences, vol. 22, no. 2, 819, pp. 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms22020819

2020

Pearson, JM, Tan, SF, Sharma, A, Annageldiyev, C, Fox, TE, Abad, JL, Fabrias, G, Desai, D, Amin, S, Wang, HG, Cabot, MC, Claxton, DF, Kester, M, Feith, DJ & Loughran, TP 2020, 'Ceramide analogue SACLAC modulates sphingolipid levels and MCL-1 splicing to induce apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia', Molecular Cancer Research, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 352-363. https://doi.org/10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-19-0619
Song, C, Ge, Z, Ding, Y, Tan, BH, Desai, D, Gowda, K, Amin, S, Gowda, R, Robertson, GP, Yue, F, Huang, S, Spiegelman, V, Payne, JL, Reeves, ME, Gurel, Z, Iyer, S, Dhanyamraju, PK, Xiang, M, Kawasawa, YI, Cury, NM, Yunes, JA, McGrath, M, Schramm, J, Su, R, Yang, Y, Zhao, Z, Lyu, X, Muschen, M, Payne, KJ, Gowda, C & Dovat, S 2020, 'IKAROS and CK2 regulate expression of BCL-XL and chemosensitivity in high-risk B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia', Blood, vol. 136, no. 13, pp. 1520-1534. https://doi.org/10.1182/blood.2019002655
Payne, JL, Song, C, Ding, Y, Dhanyamraju, PK, Bamme, Y, Schramm, JW, Desai, D, Sharma, A, Gowda, C & Dovat, S 2020, 'Regulation of small GTPase Rab20 by ikaros in B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia', International journal of molecular sciences, vol. 21, no. 5, 1718. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms21051718
Nettleford, SK, Zhao, L, Qian, F, Herold, M, Arner, B, Desai, D, Amin, S, Xiong, N, Singh, V, Carlson, BA & Prabhu, KS 2020, 'The Essential Role of Selenoproteins in the Resolution of Citrobacter rodentium-Induced Intestinal Inflammation', Frontiers in Nutrition, vol. 7, 96. https://doi.org/10.3389/fnut.2020.00096
Annageldiyev, C, Tan, SF, Thakur, S, Dhanyamraju, PK, Ramisetti, SR, Bhadauria, P, Schick, J, Zeng, Z, Sharma, V, Dunton, W, Dovat, S, Desai, D, Zheng, H, Feith, DJ, Loughran, TP, Amin, S, Sharma, AK, Claxton, D & Sharma, A 2020, 'The PI3K/AKT Pathway Inhibitor ISC-4 Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Growth of Leukemia in Preclinical Models of Acute Myeloid Leukemia', Frontiers in Oncology, vol. 10, 393. https://doi.org/10.3389/fonc.2020.00393
Annageldiyev, C, Gowda, K, Patel, T, Bhattacharya, P, Tan, SF, Iyer, S, Desai, D, Dovat, S, Feith, DJ, Loughran, TP, Amin, S, Claxton, D & Sharma, A 2020, 'The novel Isatin analog KS99 targets stemness markers in acute myeloid leukemia', Haematologica, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 687-696. https://doi.org/10.3324/haematol.2018.212886

2019

Tan, SF, Dunton, W, Liu, X, Fox, TE, Morad, SAF, Desai, D, Doi, K, Conaway, MR, Amin, S, Claxton, DF, Wang, HG, Kester, M, Cabot, MC, Feith, DJ & Loughran, TP 2019, 'Acid ceramidase promotes drug resistance in acute myeloid leukemia through NF-κB-dependent P-glycoprotein upregulation', Journal of Lipid Research, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1078-1086. https://doi.org/10.1194/jlr.M091876
Nakada, EM, Bhakta, NR, Korwin-Mihavics, BR, Kumar, A, Chamberlain, N, Bruno, SR, Chapman, DG, Hoffman, SM, Daphtary, N, Aliyeva, M, Irvin, CG, Dixon, AE, Woodruff, PG, Amin, S, Poynter, ME, Desai, DH & Anathy, V 2019, 'Conjugated bile acids attenuate allergen-induced airway inflammation and hyperresposiveness by inhibiting UPR transducers', JCI Insight, vol. 4, no. 9, e98101. https://doi.org/10.1172/jci.insight.98101
Guttenplan, JB, Chen, KM, Sun, YW, Shalaby, NAE, Kosinska, W, Desai, D, Gowda, K, Amin, S & El-Bayoumy, K 2019, 'Effects of the Tobacco Carcinogens N′-Nitrosonornicotine and Dibenzo[ a, l]pyrene Individually and in Combination on DNA Damage in Human Oral Leukoplakia and on Mutagenicity and Mutation Profiles in lacI Mouse Tongue', Chemical research in toxicology, vol. 32, no. 9, pp. 1893-1899. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrestox.9b00257
Ding, Y, Zhang, B, Payne, JL, Song, C, Ge, Z, Gowda, C, Iyer, S, Dhanyamraju, PK, Dorsam, G, Reeves, ME, Desai, D, Huang, S, Payne, KJ, Yue, F & Dovat, S 2019, 'Ikaros tumor suppressor function includes induction of active enhancers and super-enhancers along with pioneering activity', Leukemia, vol. 33, no. 11, pp. 2720-2731. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41375-019-0474-0
Desai, D, Lauver, M, Ostman, A, Cruz, L, Ferguson, K, Jin, G, Roper, B, Brosius, D, Lukacher, A, Amin, S & Buchkovich, N 2019, 'Inhibition of diverse opportunistic viruses by structurally optimized retrograde trafficking inhibitors', Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry, vol. 27, no. 9, pp. 1795-1803. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bmc.2019.03.026

2018

Dyba, M, Da Silva, B, Coia, H, Hou, Y, Noguchi, S, Pan, J, Berry, D, Creswell, K, Krzeminski, J, Desai, D, Amin, S, Yang, D & Chung, FL 2018, 'Monoclonal Antibodies for the Detection of a Specific Cyclic DNA Adduct Derived from ω-6 Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids', Chemical research in toxicology, vol. 31, no. 8, pp. 772-783. https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemrestox.8b00111

2017

Weng, MW, Lee, HW, Choi, B, Wang, HT, Hu, Y, Mehta, M, Desai, D, Amin, S, Zheng, Y & Tang, MS 2017, 'AFB1 hepatocarcinogenesis is via lipid peroxidation that inhibits DNA repair, sensitizes mutation susceptibility and induces aldehyde-DNA adducts at p53 mutational hotspot codon 249', Oncotarget, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 18213-18226. https://doi.org/10.18632/oncotarget.15313
Smith, KJ, Boyer, JA, Muku, GE, Murray, IA, Gowda, K, Desai, D, Amin, SG, Glick, AB & Perdew, GH 2017, 'Ah receptor activation potentiates neutrophil chemoattractant (C-X-C Motif) ligand 5 expression in keratinocytes and skin', Toxicological Sciences, vol. 160, no. 1, pp. 83-94. https://doi.org/10.1093/toxsci/kfx160
Maru, S, Jin, G, Desai, D, Amin, S, Shwetank, Lauver, MD & Lukacher, AE 2017, 'Inhibition of retrograde transport limits polyomavirus infection in vivo', mSphere, vol. 2, no. 6, e00494-17. https://doi.org/10.1128/mSphere.00494-17
Cruz, L, Streck, NT, Ferguson, K, Desai, T, Desai, DH, Amin, SG & Buchkovich, NJ 2017, 'Potent inhibition of human cytomegalovirus by modulation of cellular SNARE syntaxin 5', Journal of virology, vol. 91, no. 1, e01637-16. https://doi.org/10.1128/JVI.01637-16
Hengst, J, Dick, TE, Sharma, A, Doi, K, Hegde, S, Tan, SF, Geffert, L, Fox, TE, Sharma, AK, Desai, D, Amin, S, Kester, M, Loughran, TP, Paulson, R, Claxton, D, Wang, H-G & Yun, J 2017, 'SKI-178: A multitargeted inhibitor of sphingosine kinase and microtubule dynamics demonstrating therapeutic efficacy in acute myeloid leukemia models', Cancer Translational Medicine, vol. 3, no. 4, pp. 109-121. <http://www.cancertm.com/article.asp?issn=2395-3977;year=2017;volume=3;issue=4;spage=109;epage=121;aulast=Hengst;type=0>

Clinical Trials Search


Children (age < 18 years)
Adults (age >= 18 years)