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David Claxton, MD

David Claxton, MD

Professor, Department of Medicine
Division of Hematology and Oncology
Scientific Program:Next-Generation Therapies
Disease Teams:
Cancer Institute, Immunotherapy Team
Cancer Institute, Leukemia and Lymphoma Team

Research Interests

Dr. David Claxton has longstanding interests in leukemia biology and therapeutics. Leukemia molecular genetics and diagnostics are ongoing interests. Acute myeloid leukemia and related disorders are his principal foci. Leukemia therapeutics are particular interests, including drug development and clinical studies, blood and marrow transplantation, and clinical supportive care. He has a laboratory which has banked many samples of human leukemias and lymphomas. These are viably cryopreserved, used in studies and available to collaborators.

  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia
  • Therapeutics
  • Leukemia
  • Neoplasms
  • Transplants
  • Genes
  • Stem Cells
  • Leukemia, Myelogenous, Chronic, BCR-ABL Positive
  • Bone Marrow
  • Drug Therapy
  • Survival
  • T-Lymphocytes

Clinical Trials

Blood and Bone Marrow Collection from Patients with Hematological Malignancies for Study of Anti-Tumor Immunity
Protocol for a Research Sample Repository for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
T-Cell Exhaustion in Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation for Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
A Multicenter Access and Distribution Protocol for Unlicensed Cryopreserved Cord Blood Units (CBUs) for Transplantation in Pediatric and Adult Patients with Hematologic Malignancies and Other Indications
Protocol for a Research Database for Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation, other Cellular Therapies and Marrow Toxic Injuries.
Biologic Studies of Experimental Anti-Cancer Therapeutics in Human Leukemia Cells
Assessment of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Medicare Beneficiaries with Multiple Myeloma: A Study to Develop Evidence of Effectiveness for the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS)

Recent Publications


Paudel, BB, Tan, SF, Fox, TE, Ung, J, Golla, U, Shaw, JJP, Dunton, W, Lee, I, Fares, WA, Patel, S, Sharma, A, Viny, AD, Barth, BM, Tallman, MS, Cabot, M, Garrett-Bakelman, FE, Levine, RL, Kester, M, Feith, DJ, Claxton, D, Janes, KA & Loughran, TP 2024, 'Acute myeloid leukemia stratifies as 2 clinically relevant sphingolipidomic subtypes', Blood Advances, vol. 8, no. 5, pp. 1137-1142.
Brow, D, Shike, H, Kendrick, J, Pettersson, L, Mineishi, S, Claxton, DF, Wirk, B, Cioccio, J, Greiner, RJ, Viswanatha, D, Kharfan-Dabaja, MA, Li, Z, Tyler, J & Elrefaei, M 2024, 'Assessment of chimerism by next generation sequencing: A comparison to STR/qPCR methods', Human Immunology, vol. 85, no. 3, 110794.
Naik, S, Rakszawski, K, Zheng, H, Claxton, D, Minagawa, K & Mineishi, S 2024, 'Clofarabine Preconditioning followed by Allogeneic Transplant Using TBI and Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide for Relapsed Refractory Leukemia', International journal of molecular sciences, vol. 25, no. 2, 957.
Zhang, A, Macecevic, S, Thomas, D, Allen, J, Mandley, S, Kawczak, P, Jurcago, R, Tyler, J, Casey, H, Bosler, D, Sobecks, R, Hamilton, B, Sauter, C, Mineishi, S, Claxton, D & Shike, H 2024, 'Engraftment and Measurable Residual Disease Monitoring after Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation: Comparison of Two Chimerism Test Strategies, Next-Generation Sequencing versus a Combination of Short-Tandem Repeats and Quantitative PCR', Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 233-244.
Guare, EG, Hale, CM, Sivik, J, Lehman, E, Inoue, Y, Rakszawski, K, Songdej, N, Nickolich, M, Zheng, H, Naik, S, Claxton, D, Rybka, W, Hohl, R, Mineishi, S, Minagawa, K & Paules, CI 2024, 'The addition of doxycycline to fluoroquinolones for bacterial prophylaxis in autologous stem cell transplantation for multiple myeloma', Transplant Infectious Disease, vol. 26, no. 2, e14241.


Garcia-Manero, G, Podoltsev, NA, Othus, M, Pagel, JM, Radich, JP, Fang, M, Rizzieri, DA, Marcucci, G, Strickland, SA, Litzow, MR, Savoie, ML, Medeiros, BC, Sekeres, MA, Lin, TL, Uy, GL, Powell, BL, Kolitz, JE, Larson, RA, Stone, RM, Claxton, D, Essell, J, Luger, SM, Mohan, SR, Moseley, A, Appelbaum, FR & Erba, HP 2023, 'A randomized phase III study of standard versus high-dose cytarabine with or without vorinostat for AML', Leukemia.
Ung, J, Tan, SF, Fox, TE, Shaw, JJP, Taori, M, Horton, BJ, Golla, U, Sharma, A, Szulc, ZM, Wang, H-G, Chalfant, CE, Cabot, MC, Claxton, DF, Loughran, TP & Feith, DJ 2023, 'Acid Ceramidase Inhibitor LCL-805 Antagonizes Akt Signaling and Promotes Iron-Dependent Cell Death in Acute Myeloid Leukemia', Cancers, vol. 15, no. 24, 5866.
Qian, F, Nettleford, SK, Zhou, J, Arner, BE, Hall, MA, Sharma, A, Annageldiyev, C, Rossi, RM, Tukaramrao, DB, Sarkar, D, Hegde, S, Gandhi, UH, Finch, ER, Goodfield, L, Quickel, MD, Claxton, DF, Paulson, RF & Prabhu, KS 2023, 'Activation of GPR44 decreases severity of myeloid leukemia via specific targeting of leukemia initiating stem cells', Cell Reports, vol. 42, no. 7, 112794.
Jia, B, Zhao, C, Minagawa, K, Shike, H, Claxton, DF, Ehmann, WC, Rybka, WB, Mineishi, S, Wang, M, Schell, TD, Prabhu, KS, Paulson, RF, Zhang, Y, Shultz, LD & Zheng, H 2023, 'Acute Myeloid Leukemia Causes T Cell Exhaustion and Depletion in a Humanized Graft-versus-Leukemia Model', Journal of Immunology, vol. 211, no. 9, pp. 1426-1437.
Potiaumpai, M, Schmitz, KH, Mineishi, S, Naik, S, Wirk, B, Rakszawski, K, Ehmann, WC, Claxton, D, Nickolich, M, Zemel, BS & Zheng, H 2023, 'IMPROVE-BMT: A protocol for a pilot randomised controlled trial of prehabilitation exercise for adult haematopoietic stem cell transplant recipients', BMJ open, vol. 13, no. 1, e066841.
Levy, B, Baughn, LB, Akkari, Y, Chartrand, S, LaBarge, B, Claxton, D, Lennon, PA, Cujar, C, Kolhe, R, Kroeger, K, Pitel, B, Sahajpal, N, Sathanoori, M, Vlad, G, Zhang, L, Fang, M, Kanagal-Shamanna, R & Broach, JR 2023, 'Optical genome mapping in acute myeloid leukemia: a multicenter evaluation', Blood Advances, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1297-1307.
Fisher-Wellman, KH, Kassai, M, Hagen, JT, Neufer, PD, Kester, M, Loughran, TP, Chalfant, CE, Feith, DJ, Tan, SF, Fox, TE, Ung, J, Fabrias, G, Abad, JL, Sharma, A, Golla, U, Claxton, DF, Shaw, JJP, Bhowmick, D & Cabot, MC 2023, 'Simultaneous Inhibition of Ceramide Hydrolysis and Glycosylation Synergizes to Corrupt Mitochondrial Respiration and Signal Caspase Driven Cell Death in Drug-Resistant Acute Myeloid Leukemia', Cancers, vol. 15, no. 6, 1883.
Aldoss, I, Yin, J, Wall, A, Mrózek, K, Liedtke, M, Claxton, DF, Foster, MC, Appelbaum, FR, Erba, HP, Litzow, MR, Tallman, MS, Stone, RM, Larson, RA, Advani, AS, Stock, W & Luger, SM 2023, 'The impact of early PEG-asparaginase discontinuation in young adults with ALL: a post hoc analysis of the CALGB 10403 study', Blood Advances, vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 196-204.


Long, NA, Golla, U, Sharma, A & Claxton, DF 2022, 'Acute Myeloid Leukemia Stem Cells: Origin, Characteristics, and Clinical Implications', Stem Cell Reviews and Reports, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 1211-1226.
Fisher-Wellman, KH, Hagen, JT, Kassai, M, Kao, LP, Nelson, MAM, McLaughlin, KL, Coalson, HS, Fox, TE, Tan, SF, Feith, DJ, Kester, M, Loughran, TP, Claxton, DF & Cabot, MC 2022, 'Alterations in sphingolipid composition and mitochondrial bioenergetics represent synergistic therapeutic vulnerabilities linked to multidrug resistance in leukemia', FASEB Journal, vol. 36, no. 1, e22094.
Claxton, DF 2022, 'Beware clonal haematopoiesis following chronic lymphocytic leukaemia treatment', British Journal of Haematology, vol. 198, no. 1, pp. 9-10.
Khokhlatchev, AV, Sharma, A, Deering, TG, Shaw, JJP, Costa-Pinheiro, P, Golla, U, Annageldiyev, C, Cabot, MC, Conaway, MR, Tan, SF, Ung, J, Feith, DJ, Loughran, TP, Claxton, DF, Fox, TE & Kester, M 2022, 'Ceramide nanoliposomes augment the efficacy of venetoclax and cytarabine in models of acute myeloid leukemia', FASEB Journal, vol. 36, no. 10, e22514.
Cioccio, J, Rakszawski, K, Zheng, H, Nickolich, M, Naik, S, Wirk, B, Rybka, W, Ehmann, C, Silar, B, Vajdic, C, Shah, N, Tuanquin, L, Greiner, R, Brown, V, Hohl, R, Claxton, D, Mineishi, S, Minagawa, K & Shike, H 2023, 'Donor HLA mismatch promotes full donor T-cell chimerism in the allogeneic stem cell transplant with reduced-intensity conditioning and post-transplant cyclophosphamide GVHD prophylaxis', Annals of Hematology, vol. 102, no. 3, pp. 613-620.
Ung, J, Tan, SF, Fox, TE, Shaw, JJP, Vass, LR, Costa-Pinheiro, P, Garrett-Bakelman, FE, Keng, MK, Sharma, A, Claxton, DF, Levine, RL, Tallman, MS, Cabot, MC, Kester, M, Feith, DJ & Loughran, TP 2022, 'Harnessing the power of sphingolipids: Prospects for acute myeloid leukemia', Blood Reviews, vol. 55, 100950.
Qian, F, Arner, BE, Kelly, KM, Annageldiyev, C, Sharma, A, Claxton, DF, Paulson, RF & Prabhu, KS 2022, 'Interleukin-4 treatment reduces leukemia burden in acute myeloid leukemia', FASEB Journal, vol. 36, no. 5, e22328.
Shah, N, Cioccio, J, Rakszawski, K, Zheng, H, Nickolich, M, Naik, S, Wirk, B, Rybka, W, Ehmann, C, Silar, B, Vajdic, C, Mierski, J, Zhou, S, Shike, H, Greiner, R, Brown, V, Hohl, R, Claxton, D, Mineishi, S, Minagawa, K & Tuanquin, L 2022, 'Low-dose total body irradiation promotes T-cells donor chimerism in reduced-intensity/non-myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant with post-transplant cyclophosphamide', Leukemia Research, vol. 123, 106969.
Pizzola, CJ, Cioccio, J, Rakszawski, KL, Nickolich, M, Ehmann, WC, Rybka, WB, Wirk, B, Naik, S, Zheng, H, Silar, B, Shike, H, Zhou, S, Mineishi, S, Minagawa, K & Claxton, DF 2022, 'Non-myeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant with fludarabine and reduced dose cyclophosphamide in acute myeloid leukemia for older adults with comorbidities', Bone Marrow Transplantation, vol. 57, no. 11, pp. 1743-1745.
Zhao, C, Bartock, M, Jia, B, Shah, N, Claxton, DF, Wirk, B, Rakszawski, KL, Nickolich, MS, Naik, SG, Rybka, WB, Ehmann, WCC, Hohl, RJ, Valentin, J, Bernas-Peterson, M, Gerber, EM, Zimmerman, M, Mierski, JA, Mineishi, S & Zheng, H 2022, 'Post-transplant cyclophosphamide alters immune signatures and leads to impaired T cell reconstitution in allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant', Journal of Hematology and Oncology, vol. 15, no. 1, 64.
Xu, J, Song, F, Lyu, H, Kobayashi, M, Zhang, B, Zhao, Z, Hou, Y, Wang, X, Luan, Y, Jia, B, Stasiak, L, Wong, JHY, Wang, Q, Jin, Q, Jin, Q, Fu, Y, Yang, H, Hardison, RC, Dovat, S, Platanias, LC, Diao, Y, Yang, Y, Yamada, T, Viny, AD, Levine, RL, Claxton, D, Broach, JR, Zheng, H & Yue, F 2022, 'Subtype-specific 3D genome alteration in acute myeloid leukaemia', Nature, vol. 611, no. 7935, pp. 387-398.
Ehudin, MA, Golla, U, Trivedi, D, Potlakayala, SD, Rudrabhatla, SV, Desai, D, Dovat, S, Claxton, D & Sharma, A 2022, 'Therapeutic Benefits of Selenium in Hematological Malignancies', International journal of molecular sciences, vol. 23, no. 14, 7972.


Jia, B, Zhao, C, Bayerl, M, Shike, H, Claxton, DF, Ehmann, WC, Mineishi, S, Schell, TD, Zheng, P, Zhang, Y, Shultz, LD, Prabhu, KS, Paulson, RF & Zheng, H 2022, 'A novel clinically relevant graft-versus-leukemia model in humanized mice', Journal of Leukocyte Biology, vol. 111, no. 2, pp. 427-437.
Advani, AS, Larsen, E, Laumann, K, Luger, SM, Liedtke, M, Devidas, M, Chen, Z, Yin, J, Foster, MC, Claxton, D, Coffan, K, Tallman, MS, Appelbaum, FR, Erba, H, Stone, RM, Hunger, SP, McNeer, JL, Loh, ML, Raetz, E, Winick, N, Carroll, W, Larson, RA & Stock, W 2021, 'Comparison of CALGB 10403 (Alliance) and COG AALL0232 toxicity results in young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukemia', Blood Advances, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 504-512.
Golla, U, Ehudin, MA, Annageldiyev, C, Zeng, Z, Bastihalli Tukaramrao, D, Tarren, A, Date, AA, Elcheva, I, Berg, A, Amin, S, Loughran, TP, Kester, M, Desai, D, Dovat, S, Claxton, D & Sharma, A 2021, 'Dj4 targets the rho-associated protein kinase pathway and attenuates disease progression in preclinical murine models of acute myeloid leukemia', Cancers, vol. 13, no. 19, 4889.
Zhu, G, Luo, H, Feng, Y, Guryanova, OA, Xu, J, Chen, S, Lai, Q, Sharma, A, Xu, B, Zhao, Z, Feng, R, Ni, H, Claxton, D, Guo, Y, Mesa, RA, Qiu, Y, Yang, FC, Li, W, Nimer, SD, Huang, S & Xu, M 2021, 'HOXBLINC long non-coding RNA activation promotes leukemogenesis in NPM1-mutant acute myeloid leukemia', Nature communications, vol. 12, no. 1, 1956.
Shah, N, Rakszawski, K, Nickolich, M, Ehmann, C, Wirk, B, Naik, S, Rybka, W, Zheng, H, Mierski, J, Silar, B, Mackey, G, Greiner, R, Brown, V, Claxton, D, Mineishi, S & Minagawa, K 2021, 'Improved outcome in AML relapse after allogeneic transplant with high-intensity chemotherapy followed by 2nd allogeneic stem cell transplant or donor lymphocyte infusion', Annals of Hematology, vol. 100, no. 10, pp. 2585-2592.
List, AF, Sun, Z, Verma, A, Bennett, JM, Komrokji, RS, McGraw, K, Maciejewski, J, Altman, JK, Cheema, PS, Claxton, DF, Luger, SM, Mattison, RJ, Wassenaar, TR, Artz, AS, Schiffer, CA, Litzow, MR & Tallman, MS 2021, 'Lenalidomide-Epoetin Alfa Versus Lenalidomide Monotherapy in Myelodysplastic Syndromes Refractory to Recombinant Erythropoietin', Journal of Clinical Oncology, vol. 39, no. 9, pp. 1001-1009.
Klink, M, Rahman, MA, Song, C, Dhanyamraju, PK, Ehudin, M, Ding, Y, Steffens, S, Bhadauria, P, Iyer, S, Aliaga, C, Desai, D, Huang, S, Claxton, D, Sharma, A & Gowda, C 2021, 'Mechanistic basis for in vivo therapeutic efficacy of ck2 inhibitor cx-4945 in acute myeloid leukemia', Cancers, vol. 13, no. 5, 1127, pp. 1-21.
Kantarjian, HM, Begna, KH, Altman, JK, Goldberg, SL, Sekeres, MA, Strickland, SA, Arellano, ML, Claxton, DF, Baer, MR, Gautier, M, Berman, E, Seiter, K, Solomon, SR, Schiller, GJ, Luger, SM, Butrym, A, Gaidano, G, Thomas, XG, Montesinos, P, Rizzieri, DA, Quick, DP, Venugopal, P, Gaur, R, Maness, LJ, Kadia, TM, Ravandi, F, Buyse, ME & Chiao, JH 2021, 'Results of a randomized phase 3 study of oral sapacitabine in elderly patients with newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (SEAMLESS)', Cancer, vol. 127, no. 23, pp. 4421-4431.
Gvozdjan, K, Casey, H, Mowery, C, Kumer, L, Fisher, C, Tyler, J, Bayerl, MG, Malysz, J, Naik, S, Rybka, W, Ehmann, C, Claxton, D, Mineishi, S, Baker, M, Hong, Z & Shike, H 2021, 'Unexpected Short-Tandem-Repeat Patterns in Post-Transplant Chimerism Testing: Investigation of 3 Cases with Help from Forensic Science', Laboratory Medicine, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 635-641.


Zheng, H, Mineishi, S, Claxton, D, Zhu, J, Zhao, C, Jia, B, Ehmann, WC, Rybka, WB, Naik, S, Songdej, N, Drabick, JJ & Hohl, RJ 2021, 'A phase I clinical trial of avelumab in combination with decitabine as first line treatment of unfit patients with acute myeloid leukemia', American Journal of Hematology, vol. 96, no. 2, pp. E46-E50.
Yan, B, Claxton, D, Huang, S & Qiu, Y 2020, 'AML chemoresistance: The role of mutant TP53 subclonal expansion and therapy strategy', Experimental Hematology, vol. 87, pp. 13-19.
Pearson, JM, Tan, SF, Sharma, A, Annageldiyev, C, Fox, TE, Abad, JL, Fabrias, G, Desai, D, Amin, S, Wang, HG, Cabot, MC, Claxton, DF, Kester, M, Feith, DJ & Loughran, TP 2020, 'Ceramide analogue SACLAC modulates sphingolipid levels and MCL-1 splicing to induce apoptosis in acute myeloid leukemia', Molecular Cancer Research, vol. 18, no. 3, pp. 352-363.
Gebru, MT, Atkinson, JM, Young, MM, Zhang, L, Tang, Z, Liu, Z, Lu, P, Dower, CM, Chen, L, Annageldiyev, C, Sharma, A, Kawasawa, YI, Zhao, Z, Miller, BA, Claxton, DF & Wang, HG 2020, 'Glucocorticoids enhance the antileukemic activity of FLT3 inhibitors in FLT3-mutant acute myeloid leukemia', Blood, vol. 136, no. 9, pp. 1067-1079.
Tsukamoto, AS, Van Den Berg, D, Reading, C, Tong, J, Murray, L, Carella, A, Frassoni, F, Snyder, D, Herzig, G, Gorin, C, Laporte, J, Negrin, R, Blume, R, Cunningham, I, Claxton, D, Deisseroth, A & Hoffman, R 2020, Isolation of both normal and leukemic cells within the hematopoietic stem cell compartment of chronic myelogenous leukemia mobilized peripheral blood. in Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation: Biological and Clinical Results in Malignancies. Taylor and Francis, pp. 27-32.
Pagel, JM, Othus, M, Garcia-Manero, G, Fang, M, Radich, JP, Rizzieri, DA, Marcucci, G, Strickland, SA, Litzow, MR, Lynn Savoie, M, Spellman, SR, Confer, DL, Chell, JW, Brown, M, Medeiros, BC, Sekeres, MA, Lin, TL, Uy, GL, Powell, BL, Bayer, RL, Larson, RA, Stone, RM, Claxton, D, Essell, J, Luger, SM, Mohan, SR, Moseley, A, Erba, HP & Appelbaum, FR 2020, 'Rapid Donor Identification Improves Survival in High-Risk First-Remission Patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia', JCO Oncology Practice, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. E464-E475.
Annageldiyev, C, Tan, SF, Thakur, S, Dhanyamraju, PK, Ramisetti, SR, Bhadauria, P, Schick, J, Zeng, Z, Sharma, V, Dunton, W, Dovat, S, Desai, D, Zheng, H, Feith, DJ, Loughran, TP, Amin, S, Sharma, AK, Claxton, D & Sharma, A 2020, 'The PI3K/AKT Pathway Inhibitor ISC-4 Induces Apoptosis and Inhibits Growth of Leukemia in Preclinical Models of Acute Myeloid Leukemia', Frontiers in Oncology, vol. 10, 393.
Annageldiyev, C, Gowda, K, Patel, T, Bhattacharya, P, Tan, SF, Iyer, S, Desai, D, Dovat, S, Feith, DJ, Loughran, TP, Amin, S, Claxton, D & Sharma, A 2020, 'The novel Isatin analog KS99 targets stemness markers in acute myeloid leukemia', Haematologica, vol. 105, no. 3, pp. 687-696.