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David E. Conroy, PhD

David E. Conroy, PhD

Professor, Kinesiology
Scientific Program:Cancer Control

Research Interests

Dr. David E. Conroy's research focuses on validating and engaging motivational processes in support of health behavior change. The goal of his work is to make behavior change less effortful and more enjoyable through creative design, context-sensitivity and learning models. He has developed behavioral interventions for promoting physical activity, reducing sedentary behavior and increasing fluid consumption and collaborated on stress-management interventions.

Dr. Conroy and his team use technology to monitor and intervene with people in the natural context of their daily lives. Their research is currently funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, the National Institute on Aging, the National Science Foundation and Penn State Cancer Institute.

Dr. Conroy consulted to the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee and serves on multiple editorial boards. He is president-elect for the Society of Behavioral Medicine.

  • Exercise
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Fear
  • Health
  • Sports
  • Alcohols
  • Students
  • Ecological Momentary Assessment
  • Equipment and Supplies
  • Mentoring
  • Motivation
  • Emotions

Recent Publications


Conroy, DE, Marks, J, Cutshaw, A, Ram, N, Thomaz, E & Streeper, NM 2024, 'Promoting fluid intake to increase urine volume for kidney stone prevention: Protocol for a randomized controlled efficacy trial of the sipIT intervention', Contemporary Clinical Trials, vol. 138, 107454.


Courtney, JB, Russell, MA & Conroy, DE 2023, 'Acceptability and validity of using the BACtrack skyn wrist-worn transdermal alcohol concentration sensor to capture alcohol use across 28 days under naturalistic conditions – A pilot study', Alcohol, vol. 108, pp. 30-43.
Sciamanna, CN, Lemaster, KA, Danilovich, MK, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, KH, Silvis, M, Ladwig, M & Ballentine, N 2023, 'Accuracy of Self-Reported Physical Capacities as a Clinical Screening Test for Older Adults With Mobility Disability', Gerontology and Geriatric Medicine, vol. 9.
Tappan, RS, Ettinger, JR, Mahon, D, Mroz, SE, Hall, W, Maajid, E, Stratton, C, Zynda, DT, Conroy, DE & Danilovich, M 2023, 'Development of a physical activity counseling intervention for people with chronic respiratory disease based on the health action process approach', Pilot and Feasibility Studies, vol. 9, no. 1, 173.
Conroy, DE, Wu, J, Lee, AM, Brunke-Reese, D & Lagoa, CM 2023, 'Dose–Response Relations Between the Frequency of Two Types of Momentary Feedback Prompts and Daily Physical Activity', Health Psychology, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 151-160.
Streeper, NM, Fairbourn, JD, Marks, J, Thomaz, E, Ram, N & Conroy, DE 2023, 'Feasibility of Mini sipIT Behavioral Intervention to Increase Urine Volume in Patients With Kidney Stones', Urology, vol. 179, pp. 39-43.
Veldheer, S, Whitehead-Zimmers, M, Bordner, C, Weinstein, O, Choi, H, Spreenberg-Bronsoms, K, Davis, J, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, KH & Sciamanna, C 2023, 'Growing Healthy Hearts: a single-arm feasibility study of a digitally delivered gardening, cooking, and nutrition intervention for adults with risk factors for cardiovascular disease', Pilot and Feasibility Studies, vol. 9, no. 1, 152.
Olson, JL, Robertson, M, Chen, M, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, KH & Mama, SK 2023, 'Healthier Energy Balance Behaviors Most Important for Health-Related Quality of Life in Rural Cancer Survivors in Central Pennsylvania', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, vol. 20, no. 8, pp. 752-759.
Olson, JL, Conroy, DE, Mama, SK & Schmitz, KH 2023, 'Lifestyle Behaviors and Health-Related Quality of Life in Cancer Survivors: A Latent Class Analysis', Health Education and Behavior.
Lee, AM, Hojjatinia, S, Courtney, JB, Brunke-Reese, D, Hojjatinia, S, Lagoa, CM & Conroy, DE 2023, 'Motivational Message Framing Effects on Physical Activity Dynamics in a Digital Messaging Intervention: Secondary Analysis', JMIR Formative Research, vol. 7, e41414.
Veldheer, S, Whitehead-Zimmers, M, Bordner, C, Watt, B, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, KH & Sciamanna, C 2023, 'Participant Preferences for the Development of a Digitally Delivered Gardening Intervention to Improve Diet, Physical Activity, and Cardiovascular Health: Cross-sectional Study', JMIR Formative Research, vol. 7, e41498.
Stine, JG, Long, MT, Corey, KE, Sallis, RE, Allen, AM, Armstrong, MJ, Conroy, DE, Cuthbertson, DJ, Duarte-Rojo, A, Hallsworth, K, Hickman, IJ, Kappus, MR, Keating, SE, Pugh, CJA, Rotman, Y, Simon, TL, Vilar-Gomez, E, Wong, VWS & Schmitz, KH 2023, 'Physical Activity and Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease: A Roundtable Statement from the American College of Sports Medicine', Medicine and science in sports and exercise, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 1717-1726.
Wu, J, Olson, JL, Brunke-Reese, D, Lagoa, CM & Conroy, DE 2023, 'Wearable device adherence among insufficiently-active young adults is independent of identity and motivation for physical activity', Journal of Behavioral Medicine.


Turrisi, TB, Lagoa, CM & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Affective judgments, environmental determinants, and physical activity in emerging and young adults', Psychology and Health.
Mama, SK, Heredia, NI, Johnston, H & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Associations Between Physical Activity and Alcohol Consumption in Rural Cancer Survivors', Frontiers in Oncology, vol. 12, 871192.
Olson, JL, Mama, SK, Brunke-Reese, D, Lagoa, CM, Sciamanna, CN & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Broad versus narrow bandwidth measures of experienced automaticity for physical activity', Psychology and Health.
Edmondson, D, Conroy, D, Romero-Canyas, R, Tanenbaum, M & Czajkowski, S 2022, 'Climate change, behavior change and health: A multidisciplinary, translational and multilevel perspective', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 503-515.
West, AB, Bomysoad, RN, Russell, MA & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Daily Physical Activity, Sedentary Behavior and Alcohol Use in At-Risk College Students', Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 56, no. 7, pp. 712-725.
Murray, RM, Gilchrist, JD, Conroy, DE & Sabiston, CM 2022, 'Examining associations between self-conscious emotions and implicit and reflective processes among adolescent girls and boys', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 61, 102196.
Davila, VS, Conroy, DE & Danilovich, MK 2022, 'Factors That Influence Walking Intervention Adherence for Older Adults Living in Retirement Communities', Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 65-72.
Gordon, BR, Caru, M, Blair, CK, Bluethmann, SM, Conroy, DE, Doerksen, SE, Hakun, JG, Sturgeon, KM, Potiaumpai, M, Sciamanna, CN & Schmitz, KH 2022, 'Light-intensity and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity among older adult breast cancer survivors with obesity: A narrative review', Cancer medicine, vol. 11, no. 23, pp. 4602-4611.
Battalio, SL, Pfammatter, AF, Kershaw, KN, Hernandez, A, Conroy, DE & Spring, B 2022, 'Mobile Health Tobacco Cessation Interventions to Promote Health Equity: Current Perspectives', Frontiers in Digital Health, vol. 4, 821049.
Kim, YH, Chou, D, Lee, B, Danilovich, M, Lazar, A, Conroy, DE, Kacorri, H & Choe, EK 2022, MyMove: Facilitating Older Adults to Collect In-Situ Activity Labels on a Smartwatch with Speech. in CHI 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems., 416, Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings, Association for Computing Machinery, 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022, Virtual, Online, United States, 4/30/22.
Hojjatinia, S, Lee, AM, Hojjatinia, S, Lagoa, CM, Brunke-Reese, D & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Physical Activity Dynamics during a Digital Messaging Intervention Changed after the Pandemic Declaration', Annals of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 56, no. 11, pp. 1188-1198.
Courtney, JB, Russell, MA & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Tobacco and cannabis use as moderators of the association between physical activity and alcohol use across the adult lifespan in the United States: NHANES, 2005–2016', Preventive Medicine, vol. 155, 106931.
Conroy, DE, Bennett, GG, Lagoa, CM & Wolin, KY 2022, 'steps towards digital tools for personalised physical activity promotion', British journal of sports medicine, vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 424-425.


Ladwig, MA, Sciamanna, CN, Rutt, KN, Blaker, JM, Kearcher, K, Auer, BJ, Rovniak, LS, Conroy, DE, Gottschall, JS, Silvis, ML, Smyth, JM & Wang, M 2021, 'Adult outdoor group sport play during a pandemic: Feasibility, acceptability, and program adherence results from a study of modifications to mitigate COVID-19 risk', Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 23, 101476.
Courtney, J, Handley, E, Pagoto, S, Russell, M & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Alcohol use as a function of physical activity and golfing motives in a national sample of united states golfers', Nutrients, vol. 13, no. 6, 1856.
Rasera, M, Jayasinghe, H, Parker, F, Short, CE, Conroy, DE, Jackson, B, Dimmock, JA, Rhodes, RE, de Vries, H, Vandelanotte, C & Rebar, AL 2022, 'An Early Phase Trial Testing the Proof of Concept for a Gamified Smartphone App in Manipulating Automatic Evaluations of Exercise', Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 61-78.
Gilchrist, JD, Pila, E, Lucibello, KM, Sabiston, CM & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Body surveillance and affective judgments of physical activity in daily life', Body Image, vol. 36, pp. 127-133.
Ladwig, MA, Sciamanna, CN, Rovniak, LS, Conroy, DE, Gottschall, JS, Silvis, ML, Smyth, JM, Wang, M & Auer, BJ 2021, 'Comparative effectiveness of an adult social physical play versus traditional group exercise program for adherence and fitness: Protocol for a randomized-controlled trial', Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, vol. 21, 100736.
Brinberg, M, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Gerstorf, D 2021, 'Dyadic analysis and the reciprocal one-with-many model: Extending the study of interpersonal processes with intensive longitudinal data.', Psychological Methods.
Hojjatinia, S, Daly, ER, Hnat, T, Hossain, SM, Kumar, S, Lagoa, CM, Nahum-Shani, I, Samiei, SA, Spring, B & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Dynamic models of stress-smoking responses based on high-frequency sensor data', npj Digital Medicine, vol. 4, no. 1, 162.
Sciamanna, CN, Ladwig, MA, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, KH, Silvis, ML, Ballentine, NH, Auer, BJ & Danilovich, MK 2021, 'Feasibility and impact of a 1-minute daily functional exercise regimen prescribed to older adults by their primary care physician', Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 21, 101307.
Weikert, AE, Pagoto, SL, Handley, E, Courtney, JB, Brunke-Reese, D & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Golfers’ interest in multilevel sun-protection strategies', International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 18, no. 14, 7253.
Yang, CH, Hakun, JG, Roque, N, Sliwinski, MJ & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Mindful walking and cognition in older adults: A proof of concept study using in-lab and ambulatory cognitive measures', Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 23, 101490.
Ostendorf, DM, Schmiege, SJ, Conroy, DE, Phelan, S, Bryan, AD & Catenacci, VA 2021, 'Motivational profiles and change in physical activity during a weight loss intervention: a secondary data analysis', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 18, no. 1, 158.
Hojjatinia, S, Hojjatinia, S, Lagoa, CM, Brunke-Reese, D & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Person-Specific Dose-Finding for a Digital Messaging Intervention to Promote Physical Activity', Health Psychology, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 502-512.
Kline, CE, Hillman, CH, Bloodgood Sheppard, B, Tennant, B, Conroy, DE, Macko, RF, Marquez, DX, Petruzzello, SJ, Powell, KE & Erickson, KI 2021, 'Physical activity and sleep: An updated umbrella review of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee report', Sleep Medicine Reviews, vol. 58, 101489.
Busch, AM, Conroy, D & Pagoto, SL 2021, 'Reaching Intermittent Tobacco Users With Technology: New Evidence', American journal of public health, vol. 111, no. 9, pp. 1567-1569.
Pagoto, SL & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Revitalizing Adolescent Health Behavior after the COVID-19 Pandemic', JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 175, no. 7, pp. 677-679.
Turrisi, TB, Bittel, KM, West, AB, Hojjatinia, S, Hojjatinia, S, Mama, SK, Lagoa, CM & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Seasons, weather, and device-measured movement behaviors: a scoping review from 2006 to 2020', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 18, no. 1, 24.
Battalio, SL, Conroy, DE, Dempsey, W, Liao, P, Menictas, M, Murphy, S, Nahum-Shani, I, Qian, T, Kumar, S & Spring, B 2021, 'Sense2Stop: A micro-randomized trial using wearable sensors to optimize a just-in-time-adaptive stress management intervention for smoking relapse prevention', Contemporary Clinical Trials, vol. 109, 106534.
McVay, MA & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Transparency and openness in behavioral medicine research', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 287-290.
Hesse, BW, Conroy, DE, Kwaśnicka, D, Waring, ME, Hekler, E, Andrus, S, Tercyak, KP, King, AC & Diefenbach, MA 2021, 'We're all in this together: Recommendations from the Society of Behavioral Medicine's Open Science Working Group', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 693-698.


Marquez, DX, Aguinãga, S, Vásquez, PM, Conroy, DE, Erickson, KI, Hillman, C, Stillman, CM, Ballard, RM, Sheppard, BB, Petruzzello, SJ, King, AC & Powell, KE 2020, 'A systematic review of physical activity and quality of life and well-being', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1098-1109.
West, AB, Bittel, KM, Russell, MA, Evans, MB, Mama, SK & Conroy, DE 2020, 'A systematic review of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and substance use in adolescents and emerging adults', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1155-1167.
Upham, K, Auer, BJ, Sciamanna, CN, Mowen, AJ, Smyth, JM, Conroy, DE, Silvis, M, Kraschnewski, JL, Rovniak, LS, Lehman, E, Kearcher, K, Vizzini, M & Cesarone, L 2020, 'Adults want to play too: Feasibility of an adult physical activity program designed to maximize enjoyment', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 230-235.
Kim, J, Conroy, DE & Smyth, JM 2020, 'Bidirectional Associations of Momentary Affect with Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors in Working Adults', Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 268-279.
Henderson, CE, Manning, JM, Davis, CM, Conroy, DE, Van Horn, ML, Henry, K, Long, T, Ryan, L, Boland, J, Yenne, E, Schiafo, M, Waldo, J & Sze, C 2020, 'Daily physical activity and alcohol use among young adults', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 365-376.
Conroy, DE, Lagoa, CM, Hekler, E & Rivera, DE 2020, 'Engineering person-specific behavioral interventions to promote physical activity', Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 170-179.
Almeida, DM, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Conroy, DE, Kim, J, Zawadzki, MJ, Sliwinski, MJ & Smyth, JM 2020, 'Everyday stress components and physical activity: examining reactivity, recovery and pileup', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 108-120.
Conroy, DE & Kim, I 2021, 'HeartPhone: Mobile Evaluative Conditioning to Enhance Affective Processes and Promote Physical Activity', Health Psychology, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 988-997.
Conroy, DE, West, AB, Brunke-Reese, D, Thomaz, E & Streeper, NM 2020, 'Just-in-time adaptive intervention to promote fluid consumption in patients with kidney stones.', Health Psychology, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 1062-1069.
Yang, CH & Conroy, DE 2020, 'Mindfulness and physical activity: a systematic review and hierarchical model of mindfulness', International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 794-817.
Danilovich, MK, Norrick, CR, Hill, KC & Conroy, DE 2020, 'Nursing Home Resident Weight Loss During Coronavirus Disease 2019 Restrictions', Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1568-1569.
Gilchrist, JD, Morris, KL, Dwyer, LA & Conroy, DE 2020, 'Patterns of sun safety behaviors in parents: Associations with physical activity, sedentary behavior, and access to neighborhood physical activity resources', Preventive Medicine, vol. 132, 105976.
Conroy, DE, Yang, CH, Lanza, ST, Smyth, JM & Lagoa, CM 2020, 'Temporal dynamics of treatment receipt in a text message intervention for physical activity: Single-group, within-person trial', JMIR mHealth and uHealth, vol. 8, no. 4, e14270.
Sudholz, B, Contardo Ayala, AM, Timperio, A, Dunstan, DW, Conroy, DE, Abbott, G, Holland, B, Arundell, L & Salmon, J 2023, 'The impact of height-adjustable desks and classroom prompts on classroom sitting time, social, and motivational factors among adolescents', Journal of Sport and Health Science, vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 97-105.