Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

David E. Conroy, PhD

David E. Conroy, PhD

Professor, Kinesiology
Scientific Program:Cancer Control

Research Interests

Dr. David E. Conroy's research focuses on validating and engaging motivational processes in support of health behavior change. The goal of his work is to make behavior change less effortful and more enjoyable through creative design, context-sensitivity and learning models. He has developed behavioral interventions for promoting physical activity, reducing sedentary behavior and increasing fluid consumption and collaborated on stress-management interventions.

Dr. Conroy and his team use technology to monitor and intervene with people in the natural context of their daily lives. Their research is currently funded by the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, the National Institute on Aging, the National Science Foundation and Penn State Cancer Institute.

Dr. Conroy consulted to the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee and serves on multiple editorial boards. He is president-elect for the Society of Behavioral Medicine.

  • Exercise
  • Sedentary Behavior
  • Fear
  • Health
  • Sports
  • Ecological Momentary Assessment
  • Equipment and Supplies
  • Alcohols
  • Mentoring
  • Students
  • Motivation
  • Emotions

Recent Publications


Turrisi, TB, Lagoa, CM & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Affective judgments, environmental determinants, and physical activity in emerging and young adults', Psychology and Health.
Mama, SK, Heredia, NI, Johnston, H & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Associations Between Physical Activity and Alcohol Consumption in Rural Cancer Survivors', Frontiers in Oncology, vol. 12, 871192.
Edmondson, D, Conroy, D, Romero-Canyas, R, Tanenbaum, M & Czajkowski, S 2022, 'Climate change, behavior change and health: A multidisciplinary, translational and multilevel perspective', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 12, no. 4, pp. 503-515.
Murray, RM, Gilchrist, JD, Conroy, DE & Sabiston, CM 2022, 'Examining associations between self-conscious emotions and implicit and reflective processes among adolescent girls and boys', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 61, 102196.
Davila, VS, Conroy, DE & Danilovich, MK 2022, 'Factors That Influence Walking Intervention Adherence for Older Adults Living in Retirement Communities', Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 65-72.
Gordon, BR, Caru, M, Blair, CK, Bluethmann, SM, Conroy, DE, Doerksen, SE, Hakun, JG, Sturgeon, KM, Potiaumpai, M, Sciamanna, CN & Schmitz, KH 2022, 'Light-intensity and moderate-to-vigorous intensity physical activity among older adult breast cancer survivors with obesity: A narrative review', Cancer medicine.
Battalio, SL, Pfammatter, AF, Kershaw, KN, Hernandez, A, Conroy, DE & Spring, B 2022, 'Mobile Health Tobacco Cessation Interventions to Promote Health Equity: Current Perspectives', Frontiers in Digital Health, vol. 4, 821049.
Kim, YH, Chou, D, Lee, B, Danilovich, M, Lazar, A, Conroy, DE, Kacorri, H & Choe, EK 2022, MyMove: Facilitating Older Adults to Collect In-Situ Activity Labels on a Smartwatch with Speech. in CHI 2022 - Proceedings of the 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems., 416, Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings, Association for Computing Machinery, 2022 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2022, Virtual, Online, United States, 4/30/22.
Conroy, DE, Bennett, GG, Lagoa, CM & Wolin, KY 2022, 'Steps towards digital tools for personalised physical activity promotion', British journal of sports medicine, vol. 56, no. 8, pp. 424-425.
Courtney, JB, Russell, MA & Conroy, DE 2022, 'Tobacco and cannabis use as moderators of the association between physical activity and alcohol use across the adult lifespan in the United States: NHANES, 2005–2016', Preventive Medicine, vol. 155, 106931.


Ladwig, MA, Sciamanna, C, Rutt, KN, Blaker, JM, Kearcher, K, Auer, BJ, Rovniak, L, Conroy, DE, Gottschall, J, Silvis, M, Smyth, JM & Wang, M 2021, 'Adult outdoor group sport play during a pandemic: Feasibility, acceptability, and program adherence results from a study of modifications to mitigate COVID-19 risk', Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 23, 101476.
Courtney, J, Handley, E, Pagoto, S, Russell, M & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Alcohol use as a function of physical activity and golfing motives in a national sample of united states golfers', Nutrients, vol. 13, no. 6, 1856.
Rasera, M, Jayasinghe, H, Parker, F, Short, CE, Conroy, DE, Jackson, B, Dimmock, JA, Rhodes, RE, de Vries, H, Vandelanotte, C & Rebar, AL 2022, 'An Early Phase Trial Testing the Proof of Concept for a Gamified Smartphone App in Manipulating Automatic Evaluations of Exercise', Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 61-78.
Gilchrist, JD, Pila, E, Lucibello, KM, Sabiston, CM & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Body surveillance and affective judgments of physical activity in daily life', Body Image, vol. 36, pp. 127-133.
Ladwig, MA, Sciamanna, CN, Rovniak, LS, Conroy, DE, Gottschall, JS, Silvis, ML, Smyth, JM, Wang, M & Auer, BJ 2021, 'Comparative effectiveness of an adult social physical play versus traditional group exercise program for adherence and fitness: Protocol for a randomized-controlled trial', Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications, vol. 21, 100736.
Brinberg, M, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Gerstorf, D 2021, 'Dyadic analysis and the reciprocal one-with-many model: Extending the study of interpersonal processes with intensive longitudinal data.', Psychological Methods.
Hojjatinia, S, Daly, ER, Hnat, T, Hossain, SM, Kumar, S, Lagoa, CM, Nahum-Shani, I, Samiei, SA, Spring, B & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Dynamic models of stress-smoking responses based on high-frequency sensor data', npj Digital Medicine, vol. 4, no. 1, 162.
Sciamanna, CN, Ladwig, MA, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, KH, Silvis, ML, Ballentine, NH, Auer, BJ & Danilovich, MK 2021, 'Feasibility and impact of a 1-minute daily functional exercise regimen prescribed to older adults by their primary care physician', Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 21, 101307.
Weikert, AE, Pagoto, SL, Handley, E, Courtney, JB, Brunke-Reese, D & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Golfers’ interest in multilevel sun-protection strategies', International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 18, no. 14, 7253.
Yang, CH, Hakun, JG, Roque, N, Sliwinski, MJ & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Mindful walking and cognition in older adults: A proof of concept study using in-lab and ambulatory cognitive measures', Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 23, 101490.
Ostendorf, DM, Schmiege, SJ, Conroy, DE, Phelan, S, Bryan, AD & Catenacci, VA 2021, 'Motivational profiles and change in physical activity during a weight loss intervention: a secondary data analysis', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 18, no. 1, 158.
Hojjatinia, S, Hojjatinia, S, Lagoa, CM, Brunke-Reese, D & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Person-Specific Dose-Finding for a Digital Messaging Intervention to Promote Physical Activity', Health Psychology, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 502-512.
Kline, CE, Hillman, CH, Bloodgood Sheppard, B, Tennant, B, Conroy, DE, Macko, RF, Marquez, DX, Petruzzello, SJ, Powell, KE & Erickson, KI 2021, 'Physical activity and sleep: An updated umbrella review of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines Advisory Committee report', Sleep Medicine Reviews, vol. 58, 101489.
Pagoto, SL & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Revitalizing Adolescent Health Behavior after the COVID-19 Pandemic', JAMA Pediatrics, vol. 175, no. 7, pp. 677-679.
Turrisi, TB, Bittel, KM, West, AB, Hojjatinia, S, Hojjatinia, S, Mama, SK, Lagoa, CM & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Seasons, weather, and device-measured movement behaviors: a scoping review from 2006 to 2020', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 18, no. 1, 24.
Battalio, SL, Conroy, DE, Dempsey, W, Liao, P, Menictas, M, Murphy, S, Nahum-Shani, I, Qian, T, Kumar, S & Spring, B 2021, 'Sense2Stop: A micro-randomized trial using wearable sensors to optimize a just-in-time-adaptive stress management intervention for smoking relapse prevention', Contemporary Clinical Trials, vol. 109, 106534.
McVay, MA & Conroy, DE 2021, 'Transparency and openness in behavioral medicine research', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 287-290.
Hesse, BW, Conroy, DE, Kwaśnicka, D, Waring, ME, Hekler, E, Andrus, S, Tercyak, KP, King, AC & Diefenbach, MA 2021, 'We're all in this together: Recommendations from the Society of Behavioral Medicine's Open Science Working Group', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 693-698.


Marquez, DX, Aguinãga, S, Vásquez, PM, Conroy, DE, Erickson, KI, Hillman, C, Stillman, CM, Ballard, RM, Sheppard, BB, Petruzzello, SJ, King, AC & Powell, KE 2020, 'A systematic review of physical activity and quality of life and well-being', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1098-1109.
West, AB, Bittel, KM, Russell, MA, Evans, MB, Mama, SK & Conroy, DE 2020, 'A systematic review of physical activity, sedentary behavior, and substance use in adolescents and emerging adults', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 1155-1167.
Upham, K, Auer, BJ, Sciamanna, CN, Mowen, AJ, Smyth, JM, Conroy, DE, Silvis, M, Kraschnewski, JL, Rovniak, LS, Lehman, E, Kearcher, K, Vizzini, M & Cesarone, L 2020, 'Adults want to play too: Feasibility of an adult physical activity program designed to maximize enjoyment', Journal of Physical Activity and Health, vol. 17, no. 2, pp. 230-235.
Kim, J, Conroy, DE & Smyth, JM 2020, 'Bidirectional Associations of Momentary Affect with Physical Activity and Sedentary Behaviors in Working Adults', Annals of behavioral medicine : a publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 54, no. 4, pp. 268-279.
Henderson, CE, Manning, JM, Davis, CM, Conroy, DE, Van Horn, ML, Henry, K, Long, T, Ryan, L, Boland, J, Yenne, E, Schiafo, M, Waldo, J & Sze, C 2020, 'Daily physical activity and alcohol use among young adults', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 43, no. 3, pp. 365-376.
Conroy, DE, Lagoa, CM, Hekler, E & Rivera, DE 2020, 'Engineering person-specific behavioral interventions to promote physical activity', Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 170-179.
Almeida, DM, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Conroy, DE, Kim, J, Zawadzki, MJ, Sliwinski, MJ & Smyth, JM 2020, 'Everyday stress components and physical activity: examining reactivity, recovery and pileup', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 43, no. 1, pp. 108-120.
Conroy, DE & Kim, I 2021, 'HeartPhone: Mobile Evaluative Conditioning to Enhance Affective Processes and Promote Physical Activity', Health Psychology, vol. 40, no. 12, pp. 988-997.
Conroy, DE, West, AB, Brunke-Reese, D, Thomaz, E & Streeper, NM 2020, 'Just-in-time adaptive intervention to promote fluid consumption in patients with kidney stones.', Health Psychology, vol. 39, no. 12, pp. 1062-1069.
Yang, CH & Conroy, DE 2020, 'Mindfulness and physical activity: a systematic review and hierarchical model of mindfulness', International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol. 18, no. 6, pp. 794-817.
Danilovich, MK, Norrick, CR, Hill, KC & Conroy, DE 2020, 'Nursing Home Resident Weight Loss During Coronavirus Disease 2019 Restrictions', Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 21, no. 11, pp. 1568-1569.
Gilchrist, JD, Morris, KL, Dwyer, LA & Conroy, DE 2020, 'Patterns of sun safety behaviors in parents: Associations with physical activity, sedentary behavior, and access to neighborhood physical activity resources', Preventive Medicine, vol. 132, 105976.
Conroy, DE, Yang, CH, Lanza, ST, Smyth, JM & Lagoa, CM 2020, 'Temporal dynamics of treatment receipt in a text message intervention for physical activity: Single-group, within-person trial', JMIR mHealth and uHealth, vol. 8, no. 4, e14270.
Sudholz, B, Contardo Ayala, AM, Timperio, A, Dunstan, DW, Conroy, DE, Abbott, G, Holland, B, Arundell, L & Salmon, J 2020, 'The impact of height-adjustable desks and classroom prompts on classroom sitting time, social, and motivational factors among adolescents', Journal of Sport and Health Science.


Streeper, NM & Conroy, DE 2019, 'AUTHOR REPLY', Urology, vol. 133, pp. 65.
Benson, L, English, T, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Gerstorf, D & Ram, N 2019, 'Age differences in emotion regulation strategy use, variability, and flexibility: An experience sampling approach', Developmental psychology, vol. 55, no. 9, pp. 1951-1964.
Pagoto, SL, Conroy, DE, Arroyo, K, Goetz, J, West, AB, Mulcahy, S & Waring, ME 2019, 'Assessment of Tanning Beds in 3 Popular Gym Chains', JAMA network open, vol. 2, no. 12, pp. e1918058.
Gilchrist, JD, Conroy, DE & Sabiston, CM 2020, 'Associations between alcohol consumption and physical activity in breast cancer survivors', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 43, no. 2, pp. 166-173.
Mullen, SP & Conroy, DE 2019, 'Editorial: Innovative Applications of Technology for the Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 41, pp. 144-145.
Yang, CH & Conroy, DE 2019, 'Feasibility of an outdoor mindful walking program for reducing negative affect in older adults', Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 18-27.
Mueller, S, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Gerstorf, D & Wagner, J 2019, 'Happy Like a Fish in Water? The Role of Personality–Situation Fit for Momentary Happiness in Social Interactions across the Adult Lifespan', European Journal of Personality, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 298-316.
Streeper, NM, Dubnansky, A, Sanders, AB, Lehman, K, Thomaz, E & Conroy, DE 2019, 'Improving Fluid Intake Behavior Among Patients With Kidney Stones: Understanding Patients’ Experiences and Acceptability of Digital Health Technology', Urology, vol. 133, pp. 57-66.
Erickson, KI, Hillman, C, Stillman, CM, Ballard, RM, Bloodgood, B, Conroy, DE, Macko, R, Marquez, DX, Petruzzello, SJ & Powell, KE 2019, 'Physical Activity, Cognition, and Brain Outcomes: A Review of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines', Medicine and science in sports and exercise, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1242-1251.
Gavin, KL, Welch, WA, Conroy, DE, Kozey-Keadle, S, Pellegrini, C, Cottrell, A, Nielsen, A, Solk, P, Siddique, J & Phillips, SM 2019, 'Sedentary behavior after breast cancer: motivational, demographic, disease, and health status correlates of sitting time in breast cancer survivors', Cancer Causes and Control.
Koffer, R, Drewelies, J, Almeida, DM, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Gerstorf, D & Ram, N 2019, 'The Role of General and Daily Control Beliefs for Affective Stressor-Reactivity Across Adulthood and Old Age', Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 242-253.
Chun, KS, Streeper, N, Sanders, AB, Conroy, DE, Adaimi, R & Thomaz, E 2019, 'Towards a generalizable method for detecting fluid intake with wrist-mounted sensors and adaptive segmentation', Paper presented at 24th ACM International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, IUI 2019, Marina del Ray, United States, 3/17/19 - 3/20/19 pp. 80-85.
Zawadzki, MJ, Scott, SB, Almeida, DM, Lanza, ST, Conroy, DE, Sliwinski, MJ, Kim, J, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Stawski, RS, Green, PM, Sciamanna, CN, Johnson, JA & Smyth, JM 2019, 'Understanding stress reports in daily life: a coordinated analysis of factors associated with the frequency of reporting stress', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 545-560.


for the LIFE Study 2018, 'A Comparison of Self-report Indices of Major Mobility Disability to Failure on the 400-m Walk Test: The LIFE Study', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 513-518.
Scott, SB, Sliwinski, MJ, Zawadzki, M, Stawski, RS, Kim, J, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Lanza, ST, Conroy, DE, Buxton, O, Almeida, DM & Smyth, JM 2020, 'A Coordinated Analysis of Variance in Affect in Daily Life', Assessment, vol. 27, no. 8, pp. 1683-1698.
Pagoto, SL, Nahar, VK, Frisard, C, Conroy, DE, Lemon, SC, Oleski, J & Hillhouse, J 2018, 'A comparison of tanning habits among gym tanners and other tanners', JAMA Dermatology, vol. 154, no. 9, pp. 1090-1091.
Streeper, NM, Lehman, K & Conroy, DE 2018, 'Acceptability of Mobile Health Technology for Promoting Fluid Consumption in Patients With Nephrolithiasis', Urology, vol. 122, pp. 64-69.
Gilchrist, JD, Sabiston, CM, Conroy, DE & Atkinson, M 2018, 'Authentic pride regulates runners’ training progress', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 38, pp. 10-16.
Pellegrini, CA, Chang, RW, Dunlop, DD, Conroy, DE, Lee, J, Van Horn, L, Spring, B & Cameron, KA 2018, 'Comparison of a Patient-Centered Weight Loss Program starting before versus after knee replacement: A pilot study', Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 472-478.
Pellegrini, CA, Conroy, DE, Phillips, SM, Pfammatter, AF, McFadden, HG & Spring, B 2018, 'Daily and Seasonal Influences on Dietary Self-monitoring Using a Smartphone Application', Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 56-61.e1.
Wood, J, Oravecz, Z, Vogel, N, Benson, L, Chow, SM, Cole, P, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Ram, N 2018, 'Modeling intraindividual dynamics using stochastic differential equations:age differences inaffect regulation', Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 171-184.
Yang, CH & Conroy, DE 2018, 'Momentary negative affect is lower during mindful movement than while sitting: An experience sampling study', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 37, pp. 109-116.
Conroy, DE, Hojjatinia, S, Lagoa, CM, Yang, CH, Lanza, ST & Smyth, JM 2019, 'Personalized models of physical activity responses to text message micro-interventions: A proof-of-concept application of control systems engineering methods', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 41, pp. 172-180.
Sanders, AB, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, KH & Gusani, N 2019, 'Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Older Gastrointestinal Cancer Survivors: Need and Acceptability of Digital Health Interventions', Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 703-708.
Cope, K, Vandelanotte, C, Short, CE, Conroy, DE, Rhodes, RE, Jackson, B, Dimmock, JA & Rebar, AL 2018, 'Reflective and non-conscious responses to exercise images', Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 8, no. JAN, 2272.
Yang, X, Ram, N, Gest, SD, Lydon-Staley, DM, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Molenaar, PCM 2018, 'Socioemotional Dynamics of Emotion Regulation and Depressive Symptoms: A Person-Specific Network Approach', Complexity, vol. 2018, 5094179.
Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Ram, N & Al'Absi, M 2018, 'Thirsting to understand the temporal dynamics of physical activity and alcohol use', British journal of sports medicine, vol. 52, no. 18, pp. 1158-1159.
Luo, Y, Lee, B, Yvettewohn, D, Rebar, AL, Conroy, DE & Choe, EK 2018, Time for break: Understanding information workers' sedentary behavior through a break prompting system. in CHI 2018 - Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Engage with CHI. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings, vol. 2018-April, Association for Computing Machinery, 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2018, Montreal, Canada, 4/21/18.

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