Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

David E. Conroy, PhD

David E. Conroy, PhD

Professor, Kinesiology
Scientific Program:Cancer Control
dec9@psu.edu

Research Interests

  • Exercise
  • Fear
  • Health
  • Sports
  • Research
  • Students
  • Motivation
  • Emotions
  • Athletes
  • Equipment and Supplies
  • Psychology
  • Anxiety

Recent Publications

2019

Mullen, SP & Conroy, DE 2019, 'Editorial: Innovative Applications of Technology for the Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity' Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 41, pp. 144-145. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2019.01.004
Almeida, D, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Conroy, DE, Kim, J, Zawadzki, MJ, Sliwinski, MJ & Smyth, JM 2019, 'Everyday stress components and physical activity: examining reactivity, recovery and pileup' Journal of Behavioral Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-019-00062-z
Yang, CH & Conroy, DE 2019, 'Feasibility of an outdoor mindful walking program for reducing negative affect in older adults', Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 18-27. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2017-0390
Mueller, S, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Gerstorf, D & Wagner, J 2019, 'Happy Like a Fish in Water? The Role of Personality–Situation Fit for Momentary Happiness in Social Interactions across the Adult Lifespan', European Journal of Personality, vol. 33, no. 3, pp. 298-316. https://doi.org/10.1002/per.2198
Erickson, KI, Hillman, C, Stillman, CM, Ballard, RM, Bloodgood, B, Conroy, DE, Macko, R, Marquez, DX, Petruzzello, SJ & Powell, KE 2019, 'Physical Activity, Cognition, and Brain Outcomes: A Review of the 2018 Physical Activity Guidelines', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 51, no. 6, pp. 1242-1251. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001936
Gavin, KL, Welch, WA, Conroy, DE, Kozey-Keadle, S, Pellegrini, C, Cottrell, A, Nielsen, A, Solk, P, Siddique, J & Phillips, SM 2019, 'Sedentary behavior after breast cancer: motivational, demographic, disease, and health status correlates of sitting time in breast cancer survivors', Cancer Causes and Control. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10552-019-01153-7
Koffer, R, Drewelies, J, Almeida, D, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Gerstorf, D & Ram, N 2019, 'The Role of General and Daily Control Beliefs for Affective Stressor-Reactivity Across Adulthood and Old Age', Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 74, no. 2, pp. 242-253. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbx055
Chun, KS, Streeper, N, Sanders, AB, Conroy, DE, Adaimi, R & Thomaz, E 2019, 'Towards a generalizable method for detecting fluid intake with wrist-mounted sensors and adaptive segmentation' Paper presented at 24th ACM International Conference on Intelligent User Interfaces, IUI 2019, Marina del Ray, United States, 3/17/19 - 3/20/19, pp. 80-85. https://doi.org/10.1145/3301275.3302315
Zawadzki, MJ, Scott, SB, Almeida, D, Lanza, ST, Conroy, DE, Sliwinski, MJ, Kim, J, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Stawski, RS, Green, PM, Sciamanna, C, Johnson, J & Smyth, JM 2019, 'Understanding stress reports in daily life: a coordinated analysis of factors associated with the frequency of reporting stress', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 42, no. 3, pp. 545-560. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-018-00008-x

2018

for the LIFE Study 2018, 'A Comparison of Self-report Indices of Major Mobility Disability to Failure on the 400-m Walk Test: The LIFE Study', Journals of Gerontology - Series A Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, vol. 73, no. 4, pp. 513-518. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glx153
Scott, SB, Sliwinski, MJ, Zawadzki, M, Stawski, RS, Kim, J, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Lanza, ST, Conroy, DE, Buxton, OM, Almeida, D & Smyth, JM 2018, 'A Coordinated Analysis of Variance in Affect in Daily Life', Assessment. https://doi.org/10.1177/1073191118799460
Pagoto, SL, Nahar, VK, Frisard, C, Conroy, DE, Lemon, SC, Oleski, J & Hillhouse, J 2018, 'A comparison of tanning habits among gym tanners and other tanners', JAMA Dermatology, vol. 154, no. 9, pp. 1090-1091. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamadermatol.2018.1779
Streeper, N, Lehman, K & Conroy, DE 2018, 'Acceptability of Mobile Health Technology for Promoting Fluid Consumption in Patients With Nephrolithiasis' Urology, vol. 122, pp. 64-69. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2018.08.020
Gilchrist, JD, Sabiston, CM, Conroy, DE & Atkinson, M 2018, 'Authentic pride regulates runners’ training progress' Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 38, pp. 10-16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.05.007
Pellegrini, CA, Chang, RW, Dunlop, DD, Conroy, DE, Lee, J, Van Horn, L, Spring, B & Cameron, KA 2018, 'Comparison of a Patient-Centered Weight Loss Program starting before versus after knee replacement: A pilot study', Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 12, no. 5, pp. 472-478. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2018.06.009
Pellegrini, CA, Conroy, DE, Phillips, SM, Pfammatter, AF, McFadden, HG & Spring, B 2018, 'Daily and Seasonal Influences on Dietary Self-monitoring Using a Smartphone Application', Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, vol. 50, no. 1, pp. 56-61.e1. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2016.12.004
Wood, J, Oravecz, Z, Vogel, N, Benson, L, Chow, S-M, Cole, PM, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Ram, N 2018, 'Modeling intraindividual dynamics using stochastic differential equations:age differences inaffect regulation', Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 73, no. 1, pp. 171-184. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbx013
Yang, CH & Conroy, DE 2018, 'Momentary negative affect is lower during mindful movement than while sitting: An experience sampling study', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 37, pp. 109-116. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.05.003
Conroy, DE, Hojjatinia, S, Lagoa, CM, Yang, CH, Lanza, ST & Smyth, JM 2019, 'Personalized models of physical activity responses to text message micro-interventions: A proof-of-concept application of control systems engineering methods', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 41, pp. 172-180. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.06.011
Sanders, AB, Conroy, DE, Schmitz, K & Gusani, NJ 2018, 'Physical Activity and Sedentary Behavior in Older Gastrointestinal Cancer Survivors: Need and Acceptability of Digital Health Interventions', Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer, pp. 1-6. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12029-018-0128-x
Cope, K, Vandelanotte, C, Short, CE, Conroy, DE, Rhodes, RE, Jackson, B, Dimmock, JA & Rebar, AL 2018, 'Reflective and non-conscious responses to exercise images', Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 8, no. JAN, 2272. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2017.02272
Yang, X, Ram, N, Gest, SD, Lydon-Staley, DM, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Molenaar, P 2018, 'Socioemotional Dynamics of Emotion Regulation and Depressive Symptoms: A Person-Specific Network Approach', Complexity, vol. 2018, 5094179. https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/5094179
Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Ram, N & Al'Absi, M 2018, 'Thirsting to understand the temporal dynamics of physical activity and alcohol use', British Journal of Sports Medicine, vol. 52, no. 18, pp. 1158-1159. https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2017-097949
Luo, Y, Lee, B, Yvettewohn, D, Rebar, AL, Conroy, DE & Choe, EK 2018, Time for break: Understanding information workers' sedentary behavior through a break prompting system. in CHI 2018 - Extended Abstracts of the 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems: Engage with CHI. Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems - Proceedings, vol. 2018-April, Association for Computing Machinery, 2018 CHI Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems, CHI 2018, Montreal, Canada, 4/21/18. https://doi.org/10.1145/3173574.3173701

2017

Moller, AC, Merchant, G, Conroy, DE, West, R, Hekler, E, Kugler, KC & Michie, S 2017, 'Applying and advancing behavior change theories and techniques in the context of a digital health revolution: proposals for more effectively realizing untapped potential', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 85-98. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9818-7
Conroy, DE & Berry, TR 2017, 'Automatic Affective Evaluations of Physical Activity', Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 45, no. 4, pp. 230-237. https://doi.org/10.1249/JES.0000000000000120
Phillips, SM, Conroy, DE, Keadle, SK, Pellegrini, CA, Lloyd, GR, Penedo, FJ & Spring, B 2017, 'Breast cancer survivors’ preferences for technology-supported exercise interventions', Supportive Care in Cancer, vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 3243-3252. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-017-3735-3
Maher, JP & Conroy, DE 2017, 'Daily Life Satisfaction in Older Adults as a Function of (In)Activity', Journals of Gerontology - Series B Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, vol. 72, no. 4, pp. 593-602. https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb/gbv086
Mankowski, RT, Anton, SD, Axtell, R, Chen, SH, Fielding, RA, Glynn, NW, Hsu, FC, King, AC, Layne, AS, Leeuwenburgh, C, Manini, TM, Marsh, AP, Pahor, M, Tudor-Locke, C, Conroy, DE & Buford, TW 2017, 'Device-Measured Physical Activity As a Predictor of Disability in Mobility-Limited Older Adults', Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 65, no. 10, pp. 2251-2256. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.15037
Conroy, DE 2017, 'Ecological Momentary Assessments and the Science of Behavior Change', Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, vol. 45, no. 1. https://doi.org/10.1249/JES.0000000000000091
Smyth, JM, Sliwinski, MJ, Zawadzki, MJ, Scott, SB, Conroy, DE, Lanza, ST, Marcusson-Clavertz, D, Kim, J, Stawski, RS, Stoney, CM, Buxton, OM, Sciamanna, C, Green, PM & Almeida, D 2018, 'Everyday stress response targets in the science of behavior change', Behaviour Research and Therapy, vol. 101, pp. 20-29. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2017.09.009
Gilchrist, JD, Conroy, DE & Sabiston, CM 2017, 'Experienced and anticipated pride and shame as predictors of goal-directed behavior', Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol. 39, no. 6, pp. 438-442. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2017-0011
Danilovich, MK, Conroy, DE & Hornby, TG 2017, 'Feasibility and impact of high-intensity walking training in frail older adults', Journal of Aging and Physical Activity, vol. 25, no. 4, pp. 533-538. https://doi.org/10.1123/japa.2016-0305
Maher, JP, Sliwinski, MJ & Conroy, DE 2017, 'Feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an intervention to reduce older adults’ sedentary behavior', Translational behavioral medicine, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 52-61. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13142-016-0394-8
Conroy, DE, Wolin, KY, Blair, CK & Demark-Wahnefried, W 2017, 'Gender-varying associations between physical activity intensity and mental quality of life in older cancer survivors', Supportive Care in Cancer, vol. 25, no. 11, pp. 3465-3473. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00520-017-3769-6
Tuarob, S, Tucker, CS, Kumara, S, Giles, CL, Pincus, AL, Conroy, DE & Ram, N 2017, 'How are you feeling? A personalized methodology for predicting mental states from temporally observable physical and behavioral information', Journal of Biomedical Informatics, vol. 68, pp. 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jbi.2017.02.010
Singh, H & Conroy, DE 2017, 'Systematic review of stress-related injury vulnerability in athletic and occupational contexts', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 33, pp. 37-44. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2017.08.001
Keadle, SK, Conroy, DE, Buman, MP, Dunstan, DW & Matthews, CE 2017, 'Targeting reductions in sitting time to increase physical activity and improve health', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol. 49, no. 8, pp. 1572-1582. https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0000000000001257
Ram, N, Brinberg, M, Pincus, AL & Conroy, DE 2017, 'The Questionable Ecological Validity of Ecological Momentary Assessment: Considerations for Design and Analysis', Research in Human Development, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 253-270. https://doi.org/10.1080/15427609.2017.1340052
Conroy, DE, Dubansky, A, Remillard, J, Murray, R, Pellegrini, CA, Phillips, SM & Streeper, N 2017, 'Using Behavior Change Techniques to Guide Selections of Mobile Applications to Promote Fluid Consumption', Urology, vol. 99, pp. 33-37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2016.09.015
Sciamanna, C, Mowen, AJ, Kraschnewski, J, Smyth, JM, Rovniak, L, Conroy, DE, Kearcher, K, Redman, C, Silvis, M, Auer, B, Wang, M, Lehman, E & Messina, D 2017, 'Why just exercise if you can play? Interest in a modified sports program to enhance physical activity among primary care patients' Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 8, pp. 273-278. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2017.10.009

2016

Maher, JP & Conroy, DE 2016, 'A dual-process model of older adults' sedentary behavior', Health Psychology, vol. 35, no. 3, pp. 262-272. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000300
Rebar, AL, Schoeppe, S, Alley, SJ, Short, CE, Dimmock, JA, Jackson, B, Conroy, DE, Rhodes, RE & Vandelanotte, C 2016, 'Automatic evaluation stimuli - The most frequently used words to describe physical activity and the pleasantness of physical activity', Frontiers in Psychology, vol. 7, no. AUG, 01277. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01277
Aubertin-Leheudre, M, Anton, S, Beavers, DP, Manini, TM, Fielding, R, Newman, A, Church, T, Kritchevsky, SB, Conroy, DE, McDermott, MM, Botoseneanu, A, Hauser, ME, Pahor, M, Gill, T, Fragoso, C, Fielding, R, Hauser, ME, Pahor, M, Guralnik, JM, Leeuwenburgh, C, Caudle, C, Crump, L, Holmes, L, Lee, J, Lu, CJ, Miller, ME, Espeland, MA, Ambrosius, WT, Applegate, W, Beavers, DP, Byington, RP, Cook, D, Furberg, CD, Harvin, LN, Henkin, L, Hepler, MJ, Hsu, FC, Lovato, L, Roberson, W, Rushing, J, Rushing, S, Stowe, CL, Walkup, MP, Hire, D, Rejeski, WJ, Katula, JA, Brubaker, PH, Mihalko, SL, Jennings, JM, Hadley, EC, Romashkan, S, Patel, KV, Bonds, D, McDermott, MM, Spring, B, Hauser, J, Kerwin, D, Domanchuk, K, Graff, R, Rego, A, Church, TS, Blair, SN, Myers, VH, Monce, R, Britt, NE, Harris, MN, McGucken, AP, Rodarte, R, Millet, HK, Tudor-Locke, C, Butitta, BP, Donatto, SG, Cocreham, SH, King, AC, Castro, CM, Haskell, WL, Stafford, RS, Pruitt, LA, Berra, K, Yank, V, Fielding, RA, Nelson, ME, Folta, SC, Phillips, EM, Liu, CK, McDavitt, EC, Reid, KF, Kirn, DR, Pasha, EP, Kim, WS, Beard, VE, Tsiroyannis, EX, Hau, C, Manini, TM, Pahor, M, Anton, SD, Nayfield, S, Buford, TW, Marsiske, M, Sandesara, BD, Knaggs, JD, Lorow, MS, Marena, WC, Korytov, I, Morris, HL, Fitch, M, Singletary, FF, Causer, J, Radcliff, KA, Newman, AB, Studenski, SA, Goodpaster, BH, Glynn, NW, Lopez, O, Nadkarni, NK, Williams, K, Newman, MA, Grove, G, Bonk, JT, Rush, J, Kost, P, Ives, DG, Kritchevsky, SB, Marsh, AP, Brinkley, TE, Demons, JS, Sink, KM, Kennedy, K, Shertzer-Skinner, R, Wrights, A, Fries, R, Barr, D, Gill, TM, Axtell, RS, Kashaf, SS, de Rekeneire, N, McGloin, JM, Wu, KC, Shepard, DM, Fennelly, B, Iannone, LP, Mautner, R, Barnett, TS, Halpin, SN, Brennan, MJ, Bugaj, JA, Zenoni, MA, Mignosa, BM, Williamson, J, Sink, KM, Hendrie, HC, Rapp, SR, Verghese, J, Woolard, N, Espeland, M, Jennings, J, Wilson, VK, Pepine, CJ, Ariet, M, Handberg, E, Deluca, D, Hill, J, Szady, A, Chupp, GL, Flynn, GM, Gill, TM, Hankinson, JL, Vaz Fragoso, CA, Groessl, EJ & Kaplan, RM 2017, 'Dynapenia and Metabolic Health in Obese and Nonobese Adults Aged 70 Years and Older: The LIFE Study', Journal of the American Medical Directors Association, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 312-319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jamda.2016.10.001
Vogel, N, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Gerstorf, D 2017, 'How the social ecology and social situation shape individuals' affect valence and arousal', Emotion, vol. 17, no. 3, pp. 509-527. https://doi.org/10.1037/emo0000244
Rebar, AL, Maher, JP, Doerksen, SE, Elavsky, S & Conroy, DE 2016, 'Intention-behavior gap is wider for walking and moderate physical activity than for vigorous physical activity in university students', Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, vol. 19, no. 2, pp. 130-134. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2014.11.392
Conroy, DE, Hedeker, D, McFadden, HG, Pellegrini, CA, Pfammatter, AF, Phillips, SM, Siddique, J & Spring, B 2017, 'Lifestyle intervention effects on the frequency and duration of daily moderate-vigorous physical activity and leisure screen time', Health Psychology, vol. 36, no. 4, pp. 299-308. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000418
Mailey, EL, Phillips, SM, Dlugonski, D & Conroy, DE 2016, 'Overcoming barriers to exercise among parents: a social cognitive theory perspective', Journal of Behavioral Medicine, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 599-609. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9744-8
Conroy, DE, Wolin, KY & Carnethon, MR 2016, 'Overweight and obesity among Major League Baseball players: 1871–2015' Obesity Research and Clinical Practice, vol. 10, no. 5, pp. 610-612. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.orcp.2016.09.003
Koffer, RE, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL & Almeida, D 2016, 'Stressor diversity: Introduction and empirical integration into the daily stress model', Psychology and aging, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 301-320. https://doi.org/10.1037/pag0000095
On behalf of the DEDIPAC consortium, expert working group and consensus panel 2016, 'The SOS-framework (Systems of Sedentary behaviours): An international transdisciplinary consensus framework for the study of determinants, research priorities and policy on sedentary behaviour across the life course: A DEDIPAC-study', International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, vol. 13, no. 1, 83. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12966-016-0409-3
Lydon, DM, Ram, N, Conroy, DE, Pincus, AL, Geier, C & Maggs, J 2016, 'The within-person association between alcohol use and sleep duration and quality in situ: An experience sampling study', Addictive Behaviors, vol. 61, pp. 68-73. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2016.05.018
Huisingh-Scheetz, M, Kocherginsky, M, Dugas, L, Payne, C, Dale, W, Conroy, DE & Waite, L 2016, 'Wrist Accelerometry in the Health, Functional, and Social Assessment of Older Adults', Journal of the American Geriatrics Society, vol. 64, no. 4, pp. 889-891. https://doi.org/10.1111/jgs.14051

2015

Yang, CH, Maher, JP & Conroy, DE 2015, 'Acceptability of mobile health interventions to reduce inactivity-related health risk in central Pennsylvania adults' Preventive Medicine Reports, vol. 2, pp. 669-672. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pmedr.2015.08.009
Ram, N, Benson, L, Brick, TR, Conroy, DE & Pincus, AL 2017, 'Behavioral landscapes and earth mover's distance: A new approach for studying individual differences in density distributions', Journal of Research in Personality, vol. 69, pp. 191-205. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrp.2016.06.010
Conroy, DE, Ram, N, Pincus, AL & Rebar, AL 2015, 'Bursts of Self-Conscious Emotions in the Daily Lives of Emerging Adults', Self and Identity, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 290-313. https://doi.org/10.1080/15298868.2014.983963
Kumar, S, Abowd, GD, Abraham, WT, Al'Absi, M, Gayle Beck, J, Chau, DH, Condie, T, Conroy, DE, Ertin, E, Estrin, D, Ganesan, D, Lam, C, Marlin, B, Marsh, CB, Murphy, SA, Nahum-Shani, I, Patrick, K, Rehg, JM, Sharmin, M, Shetty, V, Sim, I, Spring, B, Srivastava, M & Wetter, DW 2015, 'Center of excellence for mobile sensor data-to-knowledge (MD2K)', Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, vol. 22, no. 6, pp. 1137-1142. https://doi.org/10.1093/jamia/ocv056
Conroy, DE, Ram, N, Pincus, AL, Coffman, DL, Lorek, AE, Rebar, AL & Roche, MJ 2015, 'Daily physical activity and alcohol use across the adult lifespan', Health Psychology, vol. 34, no. 6, pp. 653-660. https://doi.org/10.1037/hea0000157
Maher, JP, Pincus, AL, Ram, N & Conroy, DE 2015, 'Daily physical activity and life satisfaction across adulthood', Developmental Psychology, vol. 51, no. 10, pp. 1407-1419. https://doi.org/10.1037/dev0000037
Maher, JP & Conroy, DE 2015, 'Habit strength moderates the effects of daily action planning prompts on physical activity but not sedentary behavior', Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol. 37, no. 1, pp. 97-107. https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2014-0258
Yang, CH, Maher, JP & Conroy, DE 2015, 'Implementation of behavior change techniques in mobile applications for physical activity', American Journal of Preventive Medicine, vol. 48, no. 4, pp. 452-455. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2014.10.010
Phillips, SM, Awick, EA, Conroy, DE, Pellegrini, CA, Mailey, EL & McAuley, E 2015, 'Objectively measured physical activity and sedentary behavior and quality of life indicators in survivors of breast cancer', Cancer, vol. 121, no. 22, pp. 4044-4052. https://doi.org/10.1002/cncr.29620
Gernigon, C, Vallacher, RR, Nowak, A & Conroy, DE 2015, 'Rethinking approach and avoidance in achievement contexts: The perspective of dynamical systems', Review of General Psychology, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 443-457. https://doi.org/10.1037/gpr0000055
Rebar, AL, Ram, N & Conroy, DE 2015, 'Using the EZ-diffusion model to score a single-category implicit association test of physical activity', Psychology of Sport and Exercise, vol. 16, no. P3, pp. 96-105. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.psychsport.2014.09.008
Howle, TC, Jackson, B, Conroy, DE & Dimmock, JA 2015, 'Winning friends and influencing people: Self-presentation motives in physical activity settings', International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 44-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/1750984X.2014.991346

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