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Researcher Profile

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Benjamin Levi, MD, PhD

Benjamin Levi, MD, PhD

University Professor in Humanities, Department of Humanities
Professor, Department of Pediatrics
Scientific Program:Cancer Control

Research Interests

  • Advance Care Planning
  • Child Abuse
  • Physicians
  • Randomized Controlled Trials
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Decision Making
  • Advance Directives
  • Child
  • Software
  • Education
  • Primary Health Care
  • Ethics

Recent Publications


Levi, BH, Dimmock, AEF, Van Scoy, LJ, Smith, T, Kunzler, B, Foy, AJ, Badzek, L & Green, MJ 2023, 'What Counts as a Surrogate Decision?', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine.


Van Scoy, LJ, Scott, AM, Green, MJ, Witt, PD, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, VM & Levi, BH 2022, 'Communication Quality Analysis: A User-friendly Observational Measure of Patient–Clinician Communication', Communication Methods and Measures, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 215-235.
Van Scoy, LJ, Levi, BH, Bramble, C, Calo, W, Chinchilli, VM, Currin, L, Grant, D, Hollenbeak, C, Katsaros, M, Marlin, S, Scott, AM, Tucci, A, VanDyke, E, Wasserman, E, Witt, P & Green, MJ 2022, 'Comparing two advance care planning conversation activities to motivate advance directive completion in underserved communities across the USA: The Project Talk Trial study protocol for a cluster, randomized controlled trial', Trials, vol. 23, no. 1, 829.
Van Scoy, LJ, Green, MJ, Smith, T, Vandyke, E, Foy, AJ, Badzek, L & Levi, BH 2022, 'Conceptualization of Surrogate Decision-making among Spokespersons for Chronically Ill Patients', JAMA network open, vol. 5, no. 12, pp. E2245608.
Van Scoy, LJ, Bliton, CF, Smith, T, Badzek, L, Green, M, Levi, BH & Foy, AJ 2022, 'Intrinsic Traits Such as Personality and Decision-Making Style are Predictive of Stress in Surrogate Decision-Makers', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine.
Piersiak, HA, Levi, BH & Humphreys, KL 2022, 'Statutory Threshold Wording is Associated with Child Maltreatment Reporting', Child Maltreatment.
Berthold, O, Clemens, V, Levi, BH, Jarczok, M, Fegert, JM & Jud, A 2022, 'Survey on Reporting of Child Abuse by Pediatricians: Intrapersonal Inconsistencies Influence Reporting Behavior More than Legislation', International journal of environmental research and public health, vol. 19, no. 23, 15568.


Humphreys, KL, Piersiak, HA, Panlilio, CC, Lehman, EB, Verdiglione, N, Dore, S & Levi, BH 2021, 'A randomized control trial of a child abuse mandated reporter training: Knowledge and attitudes', Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 117, 105033.
Levi, BH, Mundy, M, Palm, C, Verdiglione, N, Fiene, R & Mincemoyer, C 2021, 'An interactive online learning program on child abuse and its reporting', Journal of Educators Online, vol. 18, no. 2.
Kunzler, BR, Foy, AJ, Levi, BH, Van Scoy, LJ, Lehman, EB, Smith, TJ & Green, MJ 2022, 'Does Caregiver Participation in Advance Care Planning Using a Decision Support Tool Together With Patients Reduce Caregiver Strain, Burden and Anxiety Over Time? A Post-Hoc Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 39, no. 7, pp. 757-761.
Thiede, E, Levi, BH, Lipnick, D, Johnson, R, Seo La, I, Lehman, EB, Smith, T, Wiegand, D, Green, M & Van Scoy, LJ 2021, 'Effect of Advance Care Planning on Surrogate Decision Makers' Preparedness for Decision Making: Results of a Mixed-Methods Randomized Controlled Trial', Journal of palliative medicine, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 982-993.
Van Scoy, LJ, Green, MJ, Creswell, J, Thiede, E, Wiegand, D, La, IS, Lipnick, D, Johnson, R, Dimmock, AE, Foy, A, Lehman, E, Chinchilli, VM & Levi, BH 2021, 'Generating a New Outcome Variable Using Mixed Methods in a Randomized Controlled Trial: The Caregiver Study—An Advance Care Planning Investigation', Journal of Mixed Methods Research, vol. 15, no. 4, pp. 567-586.
Jhaveri, P, Abdulahad, D, Fogel, B, Chuang, C, Lehman, E, Chawla, L, Foley, K, Phillips, T & Levi, B 2022, 'Impact of Scribe Intervention on Documentation in an Outpatient Pediatric Primary Care Practice', Academic Pediatrics, vol. 22, no. 2, pp. 289-295.
Panlilio, CC, Famularo, L, Masters, J, Dore, S, Verdiglione, N, Yang, C, Lehman, E, Hamm, RM, Fiene, R, Bard, D, Kapp, KM & Levi, BH 2022, 'Integrating Validity Evidence to Revise a Child Abuse Knowledge Test for Early Childhood Education Providers: A Mixed Methods Approach', American Journal of Evaluation, vol. 43, no. 4, pp. 559-583.
Van Scoy, LJ, Witt, PD, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Currin, L, Wasserman, E, Tucci, A, Levi, BH & Green, MJ 2022, 'Success of a Community-Based Delivery at Recruiting Individuals from Underserved Communities for an Observational Cohort Study of an Advance Care Planning Intervention', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 63, no. 2, pp. e149-e154.
Simmons, DB, Levi, BH, Green, MJ, La, IS, Lipnick, D, Smith, TJ, Thiede, ER, Wiegand, DL & Van Scoy, L 2022, 'What Surrogates Understand (and Don’t Understand) About Patients’ Wishes After Engaging Advance Care Planning: A Qualitative Analysis', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 39, no. 4, pp. 427-432.


Van Scoy, LJ, Levi, BH, Witt, P, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Levi, AR, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, V, Tucci, A & Green, MJ 2020, 'Association of Participation in an End-of-Life Conversation Game With Advance Care Planning Behavior and Perspectives Among African American Individuals', JAMA network open, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. e204315.
Abdulahad, D, Ekpa, N, Baker, E, Foley, KA, Fogel, B, Phillips, TA & Levi, B 2020, 'Being a Medical Scribe: Good Preparation for Becoming a Doctor', Medical Science Educator, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 569-572.
Yang, C, Panlilio, C, Verdiglione, N, Lehman, EB, Hamm, RM, Fiene, R, Dore, S, Bard, DE, Grable, B & Levi, B 2020, 'Generalizing findings from a randomized controlled trial to a real-world study of the iLookOut, an online education program to improve early childhood care and education providers' knowledge and attitudes about reporting child maltreatment', PloS one, vol. 15, no. 1, e0227398.
Van Scoy, LJ, Green, MJ, Witt, PD, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Toyobo, O, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, VM, Tucci, A & Levi, BH 2021, 'Low Skepticism and Positive Attitudes About Advance Care Planning Among African Americans: a National, Mixed Methods Cohort Study', Journal of general internal medicine, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 705-712.
Lipnick, D, Green, M, Thiede, E, Smith, TJ, Lehman, EB, Johnson, R, La, IS, Wiegand, D, Levi, BH & Van Scoy, LJ 2020, 'Surrogate Decision Maker Stress in Advance Care Planning Conversations: A Mixed-Methods Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1117-1126.
Phillips, TA, Foley, KA, Levi, BH, Jhaveri, P, Chuang, CH, Abdulahad, D, Lehman, E & Fogel, BN 2021, 'The Impact of Medical Scribes on Relative Value Units in a Pediatric Primary Care Practice', Academic Pediatrics, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 542-547.


Schubart, JR, Levi, B, Bain, MM, Farace, E & Green, M 2019, 'Advance care planning among patients with advanced cancer', Journal of oncology practice, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. E65-E73.
Levi, BH, Belser, A, Kapp, K, Verdiglione, N, Mincemoyer, C, Dore, S, Keat, J & Fiene, R 2021, 'Ilookout for child abuse: conceptual and practical considerations in creating an online learning programme to engage learners and promote behaviour change', Early Child Development and Care, vol. 191, no. 4, pp. 535-544.
Foy, A, Levi, B, Van Scoy, L, Bucher, A, Dimmock, A & Green, M 2019, 'Patient preference to accept medical treatment is associated with spokesperson agreement', Annals of the American Thoracic Society, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 518-521.
Green, MJ, Van Scoy, LJ, Foy, AJ, Dimmock, AEF, Lehman, E & Levi, BH 2020, 'Patients With Advanced Cancer Choose Less Aggressive Medical Treatment on Vignettes After Using a Computer-Based Decision Aid', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 537-541.
Krawiec, C, Gerard, S, Iriana, S, Berger, R & Levi, B 2020, 'What We Can Learn From Failure: An EHR-Based Child Protection Alert System', Child Maltreatment, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 61-69.