Researcher Profile

Researcher Profile

Benjamin Levi, MD, PhD

Benjamin Levi, MD, PhD

University Professor, Department of Humanities
Professor, Department of Pediatrics
Scientific Program:Cancer Control

Research Interests

  • Advance Care Planning
  • Child Abuse
  • Physicians
  • Decision Support Techniques
  • Advance Directives
  • Randomized Controlled Trials
  • Decision Making
  • Child
  • Software
  • Ethics
  • Education
  • Primary Health Care

Recent Publications


Humphreys, KL, Piersiak, HA, Panlilio, CC, Lehman, EB, Verdiglione, N, Dore, S & Levi, BH 2021, 'A randomized control trial of a child abuse mandated reporter training: Knowledge and attitudes', Child Abuse and Neglect, vol. 117, 105033.
Levi, BH, Mundy, M, Palm, C, Verdiglione, N, Fiene, R & Mincemoyer, CC 2021, 'An interactive online learning program on child abuse and its reporting', Journal of Educators Online, vol. 18, no. 2.
Thiede, E, Levi, BH, Lipnick, D, Johnson, R, Seo La, I, Lehman, EB, Smith, T, Wiegand, D, Green, M & Van Scoy, LJ 2021, 'Effect of Advance Care Planning on Surrogate Decision Makers' Preparedness for Decision Making: Results of a Mixed-Methods Randomized Controlled Trial', Journal of palliative medicine, vol. 24, no. 7, pp. 982-993.
Simmons, DB, Levi, BH, Green, MJ, La, IS, Lipnick, D, Smith, TJ, Thiede, ER, Wiegand, DL & Van Scoy, L 2021, 'What Surrogates Understand (and Don’t Understand) About Patients’ Wishes After Engaging Advance Care Planning: A Qualitative Analysis', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine.


Van Scoy, LJ, Levi, BH, Witt, P, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Levi, AR, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, V, Tucci, A & Green, MJ 2020, 'Association of Participation in an End-of-Life Conversation Game With Advance Care Planning Behavior and Perspectives Among African American Individuals', JAMA network open, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. e204315.
Abdulahad, D, Ekpa, N, Baker, E, Foley, KA, Fogel, B, Phillips, TA & Levi, B 2020, 'Being a Medical Scribe: Good Preparation for Becoming a Doctor', Medical Science Educator, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 569-572.
Yang, C, Panlilio, C, Verdiglione, N, Lehman, EB, Hamm, RM, Fiene, R, Dore, S, Bard, DE, Grable, B & Levi, B 2020, 'Generalizing findings from a randomized controlled trial to a real-world study of the iLookOut, an online education program to improve early childhood care and education providers' knowledge and attitudes about reporting child maltreatment', PloS one, vol. 15, no. 1, e0227398.
Van Scoy, LJ, Green, MJ, Witt, PD, Bramble, C, Richardson, C, Putzig, I, Toyobo, O, Wasserman, E, Chinchilli, VM, Tucci, A & Levi, BH 2021, 'Low Skepticism and Positive Attitudes About Advance Care Planning Among African Americans: a National, Mixed Methods Cohort Study', Journal of general internal medicine, vol. 36, no. 3, pp. 705-712.
Lipnick, D, Green, M, Thiede, E, Smith, TJ, Lehman, EB, Johnson, R, La, IS, Wiegand, D, Levi, BH & Van Scoy, LJ 2020, 'Surrogate Decision Maker Stress in Advance Care Planning Conversations: A Mixed-Methods Analysis From a Randomized Controlled Trial', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 60, no. 6, pp. 1117-1126.
Phillips, TA, Foley, KA, Levi, BH, Jhaveri, P, Chuang, CH, Abdulahad, D, Lehman, E & Fogel, BN 2021, 'The Impact of Medical Scribes on Relative Value Units in a Pediatric Primary Care Practice', Academic Pediatrics, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 542-547.


Schubart, JR, Levi, B, Bain, MM, Farace, E & Green, M 2019, 'Advance care planning among patients with advanced cancer', Journal of oncology practice, vol. 15, no. 1, pp. E65-E73.
Levi, BH, Belser, A, Kapp, K, Verdiglione, N, Mincemoyer, C, Dore, S, Keat, J & Fiene, R 2021, 'Ilookout for child abuse: conceptual and practical considerations in creating an online learning programme to engage learners and promote behaviour change', Early Child Development and Care, vol. 191, no. 4, pp. 535-544.
Foy, A, Levi, B, Van Scoy, L, Bucher, A, Dimmock, A & Green, M 2019, 'Patient preference to accept medical treatment is associated with spokesperson agreement', Annals of the American Thoracic Society, vol. 16, no. 4, pp. 518-521.
Green, MJ, Van Scoy, LJ, Foy, AJ, Dimmock, AEF, Lehman, E & Levi, BH 2020, 'Patients With Advanced Cancer Choose Less Aggressive Medical Treatment on Vignettes After Using a Computer-Based Decision Aid', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 37, no. 7, pp. 537-541.
Krawiec, C, Gerard, S, Iriana, S, Berger, R & Levi, B 2020, 'What We Can Learn From Failure: An EHR-Based Child Protection Alert System', Child Maltreatment, vol. 25, no. 1, pp. 61-69.


Stewart, RR, Dimmock, AEF, Green, MJ, Van Scoy, LJ, Schubart, JR, Yang, C, Farace, E, Bascom, R & Levi, BH 2019, 'An Analysis of Recruitment Efficiency for an End-of-Life Advance Care Planning Randomized Controlled Trial', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 36, no. 1, pp. 50-54.
Van Scoy, LJ, Watson-Martin, E, Bohr, TA, Levi, BH & Green, MJ 2018, 'End-of-Life Conversation Game Increases Confidence for Having End-of-Life Conversations for Chaplains-in-Training', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 35, no. 4, pp. 592-600.
Schubart, JR, Reading, JM, Penrod, J, Stewart, RR, Sampath, R, Lehmann, LS, Levi, BH & Green, MJ 2018, 'Family Caregivers’ Characterization of Conversations Following an ACP Event', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 35, no. 9, pp. 1161-1167.
Krawiec, C & Levi, B 2018, 'How should clinicians address a parent’s false belief generated by denial or grief about how to care well for a child?', AMA Journal of Ethics, vol. 20, no. 11, pp. 1017-1024.


Green, MJ, Van Scoy, LJ, Foy, AJ, Stewart, RR, Sampath, R, Schubart, JR, Lehman, EB, Dimmock, AEF, Bucher, AM, Lehmann, LS, Harlow, AF, Yang, C & Levi, BH 2018, 'A Randomized Controlled Trial of Strategies to Improve Family Members’ Preparedness for Surrogate Decision-Making', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 35, no. 6, pp. 866-874.
Levi, BH, Simmons, Z, Hanna, C, Brothers, A, Lehman, E, Farace, E, Bain, M, Stewart, R & Green, MJ 2017, 'Advance care planning for patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis', Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Degeneration, vol. 18, no. 5-6, pp. 388-396.
Schubart, JR, Camacho, F, Green, MJ, Rush, KA & Levi, BH 2017, 'Assessing the internal consistency and temporal stability of advance directives generated by an interactive, online computer program', BMJ Supportive and Palliative Care, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 67-72.
Van Scoy, LJ, Green, MJ, Reading, JM, Scott, AM, Chuang, CH & Levi, BH 2017, 'Can Playing an End-of-Life Conversation Game Motivate People to Engage in Advance Care Planning?', American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine, vol. 34, no. 8, pp. 754-761.
Van Scoy, LJ, Reading, JM, Hopkins, M, Smith, B, Dillon, J, Green, MJ & Levi, BH 2017, 'Community Game Day: Using an End-of-Life Conversation Game to Encourage Advance Care Planning', Journal of Pain and Symptom Management, vol. 54, no. 5, pp. 680-691.
Mathews, B, Yang, C, Lehman, EB, Mincemoyer, C, Verdiglione, N & Levi, BH 2017, 'Educating early childhood care and education providers to improve knowledge and attitudes about reporting child maltreatment: A randomized controlled trial', PloS one, vol. 12, no. 5, e0177777.
Holland, DIE, Vanderboom, CE, Dose, AM, Ingram, CJ, Delgado, A, Austin, CM, Green, M & Levi, B 2017, 'Nurse-Led Patient-Centered Advance Care Planning in Primary Care', Journal of Hospice and Palliative Nursing, vol. 19, no. 4, pp. 368-375.
Shapiro, DE, Abbott, LM, Wolpaw, DR, Green, MJ & Levi, BH 2018, 'Using a Simulation of a Frustrated Faculty Member during Department Chair Searches: A Proof of Concept Project', Academic Medicine, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 224-228.

Clinical Trials Search

Children (age < 18 years)
Adults (age >= 18 years)